Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
Making Early Medieval Societies

Book description

Making Early Medieval Societies explores a fundamental question: what held the small- and large-scale communities of the late Roman and early medieval West together, at a time when the world seemed to be falling apart? Historians and anthropologists have traditionally asked parallel questions about the rise and fall of empires and how societies create a sense of belonging and social order in the absence of strong governmental institutions. This book draws on classic and more recent anthropologists' work to consider dispute settlement and conflict management during and after the end of the Roman Empire. Contributions range across the internecine rivalries of late Roman bishops, the marital disputes of warrior kings, and the tension between religious leaders and the unruly crowds in western Europe after the first millennium - all considering the mechanisms through which conflict could be harnessed as a force for social stability or an engine for social change.

Reviews

‘In this groundbreaking collection, the social impact of ‘constructive feuding' is analysed in terms of how its potential destructive impact in practice was limited by customary rules. Cooper, Leyser and their colleagues have form in challenging accepted understandings of the past through the redrawing of disciplinary boundaries and this exciting volume poses fresh questions with some unexpected answers.'

Jill Harries - University of St Andrews

‘This valuable collection brings together essays of established and rising scholars who reflect on cohesion and power from late antiquity to the twelfth century. As a whole, these essays accomplish the twin objectives of engaging with recent approaches to the history of power and its representation in the early Middle Ages and at the same time suggesting new ways of understanding power as forms of social and cultural practices rather than in the terms of the long and largely fruitless debate about state vs non-state political orders.'

Patrick Geary - Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

‘This is a very valuable book, making a significant contribution to the rich literature on social cohesion and conflict in early medieval Europe. Leading historians take a pleasing variety of approaches both to specific texts and to general questions. The essays will be stimulating reading for all interested in the period and in the engagement of history with anthropology.'

John Hudson - University of St Andrews

'Innovative and thought-provoking. … Deftly interweaving disparate methods, time-periods, and regions, the monograph produces a fresh vision of a millennium of Western European history.'

Michael E. Stewart Source: Journal of Social History

'Much important food for thought in this book, which will repay careful reading (and re-reading).'

Levi Roach Source: The English Historical Review

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

CCSL

Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina

CSEL

Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

MGH

Monumenta Germaniae Historica

MGH AA

MGH Auctores Antiquissimi

MGH Capit.

MGH Capitularia Regum Francorum, ed. A. Boretius and V. Krause, 2 vols. (Hannover, 1883, 1897)

MGH Epp.

MGH Epistolae

MGH SRL

MGH Scriptores Rerum Langobardicarum et Italicarum

MGH SS

MGH Scriptores (in folio)

MGH SRG

MGH Scriptores Rerum Germanicarum

MGH SRM

MGH Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum

PL

Patrologia Latina

  • Cologne, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan und Dombibliothek cod. 212

  • Merseburg 104

  • Milan, Ambrosiana G 58 sup.

  • Oxford, Corpus Christ College MS 157.

  • Vallicelliana T. XVIII

Acta Concilii Taurinensium 1, CCSL 148 (Turnhout, 1963).
Acts of the Scillitan Martyrs, in Musurillo, H. (ed.), The Acts of the Christian Martyrs (Oxford, 1972), pp. 86–9.
Ambrose, Epistulae et acta, ed. Vogels, H. J., CSEL 82.1–3 (Vienna 1968, 1990, 1982).
Annales Mettenses Priores, ed. von Simson, B., MGH SRG (Hannover and Leipzig, 1905), tr. with commentary Fouracre, P. and Gerberding, R., Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography 640–720 (Manchester, 1996), pp. 350–70.
Annals of St Bertin, tr. Nelson, J., Ninth-Century Histories: the Annals of St Bertin (Manchester, 1991).
Ansegis, , Die Kapitulariensammlung des Ansegis, ed. Schmitz, G., MGH Capit., I (Hannover, 1996).
Augustine, , De bono coniugali, ed. Walsh, P. G., Oxford Early Christian Texts (Oxford, 2001).
Auxilius, , De ordinationibus a Formoso papa factis, ed. Dümmler, E., Auxilius & Vulgaris: Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Papstthums im Anfänge des zehnten Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, 1866).
Æthelwulf, De abbatibus, ed. Campbell, A. (Oxford, 1967).
Bede, , De eo quod ait Isaias PL 94, 702–10. De Tabernaculo, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 119a (Turnhout, 1969); On the Tabernacle, tr. Holder, A., Translated Texts for Historians 18 (Liverpool, 1994).
Bede, , De Templo, ed. Hurst, D. CCSL 119a (Turnhout, 1969) On the Temple, tr. S. Connolly, Translated Texts for Historians 21 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1995).
Bede, , Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, ed. and tr. Colgrave, B. and Mynors, R. A. B. (Oxford, 1969).
Bede, , Homiliarum euangelii libri ii, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 122 (Turnhout, 1955); Homilies on the Gospels: Book One, Advent to Lent, Book Two, Lent to the Dedication of the Church, tr. Martin, L. T. and Hurst, D., Cistercian Studies 110 (Kalamazoo, MI, 1991).
Bede, , In epistolas VII catholicas, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 121 (Turnhout, 1983);
Bede, , Commentary on the Seven Catholic Epistles, tr. Hurst, D., Cistercian Studies, 82 (Kalamazoo, 1985).
Bede, , In Ezram et Neemiam libri III, ed. D. Hurst, CCSL, 199a (Brepols, 1969); On Ezra and Nehemiah, tr. DeGregorio, S., Translated Texts for Historians 47 (Liverpool, 2006). In Cantica Canticorum, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 119B (Turnhout, 1983); On the Song of Songs and Other Selected Writings, tr. Holder, A. (New York, 2011).
Bede, , In Habacuc, ed. Hudson, J. E., CCSL 119B (Turnhout, 1972); On Tobit and the Canticle of Habakkuk, tr. S. Connolly (Dublin, 1997).
Bede, , In Lucae evangelium expositio, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 120 (Turnhout, 1960).
Bede, , In Marci euangelium expositio, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 120 (Turnhout, 1960).
Bede, , In primam partem Samuhelis libri III, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 119 (Turnhout, 1962).
Bede, , In principium Genesim, ed. Jones, C. W., CCSL 118a (Turnhout, 1967); On Genesis, tr. Kendall, C. B., Translated Texts for Historians 48 (Liverpool, 2008).
Bede, , In prouerbia Salomonis, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 119B (Turnhout, 1983).
Bede, , In Regum librum xxx quaestiones, ed. Hurst, D., CCSL 119 (Turnhout, 1962).
Bede, , Retractatio in Actus Apostolorum, ed. Laistner, M. L. W., CCSL 121 (Turnhout, 1960).
Bede, , Vita Cuthberti, ed. and tr. Colgrave, B., Two Lives of Saint Cuthbert (Cambridge, 1940).
Benedictus Levita, , Tomi primi supplementa. 2: Capitularia spuria, canones ecclesiastici, bullae pontificum, ed. Pertz, G. H., MGH Leges II,2 (Hannover, 1837).
Boniface, , Epistolae, PL 20.
The Book of Ste Foy, tr. Sheingorn, P. (Philadelphia, PA, 1995).
Le carte più antiche di S. Antonino di Piacenza, ed. Falconi, E. (Parma, 1959).
Le carte private della cattedrale di Piacenza, ed. Galetti, P. (Parma, 1978).
Chartae Latinae antiquiores: Facsimile-Edition of the Latin Charters, 2nd Series, Ninth Century, ed. Cavallo, G. and Nicolaj, G. (Zurich, 1997-)
Chronicle of 754, ed. López, E., Cronica mozarabe de 754. Edición critica y traduccíon (Zaragoza, 1980).
Chronicorum Caesaraugustanorum Reliquiae, ed. Mommsen, T., MGH AA XI, Chronica Minora 2 (Berlin, 1894).
Chronicon Gallica a CCCCLII a DXI, ed. Mommsen, T., MGH AA IX, Chronica Minora 1 (Berlin, 1892), pp.646–62; Gallic Chronicle of 452, in Burgess, R. (ed. and tr.) ‘The Gallic Chronicle of 452: a New Critical Edition with a Brief Introduction’, in Mathisen, R. and Shanzer, D. (eds.), Society and Culture in Late Antique Gaul: Revisiting the Sources (Aldershot, 2001), pp. 5284.
Clotharii Edictum, ed. Boretius, A., Capitularia Regum Francorum I, MGH Legum, sectio II, i (Hannover, 1883), pp. 20–3.
Codex Carolinus, in King, P. D. (tr.), Charlemagne: Translated Sources (Lambrigg, 1987), pp. 269307.
Codex diplomaticus Amiatinus. Urkundenbuch der Abtei S. Salvatore am Montamiata. Von den Anfängen bis zum Regierungsantritt Papst Innozenz III. (736–1198), 4 vols. (Tübingen, 1974–2004).
Codex Diplomaticus Langobardiae, ed. Lambertenghi, G. Porro, Historiae Patriae Monumenta, 13 (Turin, 1873); vol. II, ed. Schiaparelli, L. (Rome, 1933); vol. V, ed. Zielinski, H. (Rome, 1986); vol. IV/1, ed. Brühl, C. (Rome, 1981).
La colección canónica Hispana. i. Estudio, ed. Diez, G. Martinez, Monumenta Hispaniae Sacra, serie canónica, 1 (Madrid, 1966); iii. Concilios griegos y africanos, ed. Martinez Diez, G. and Rodriguez, F. (Madrid, 1982); iv. Concilios galos; concilios hispanos, primera parte, ed. G. Martinez Diez and F. Rodriguez (Madrid, 1984).
Conciles gaulois du IVe siècle, ed. Gaudemet, J. and Munier, C., Sources Chretiennes, 241 (Paris, 1977).
Concilia aevi Karolini. 2, ed. Werminghoff, A., MGH Conc. II,2 (Hannover and Leipzig, 1908); Hartmann, W. (ed.), Die Konzilien der karolingischen Teilreiche 860–874, MGH Conc. IV (Hannover, 1998); Hartmann, W., I. Schröder, and G. Schmitz, (eds.), Die Konzilien der karolingischen Teilreiche 875–911, MGH Conc. V (Hannover, 2012).
Concilia Africae a. 345 – a. 525, ed. Munier, C., CCSL 259 (Turnhout, 1974).
Concilios Visigóticos e Hispano-Romanos, ed. Vives, José (Barcelona and Madrid, 1963).
Constitutio Saluberrima (17 April 418), MGH Epp. 3.13 (Berlin, 1894).
Cyprian, , De lapsis and ecclesiae catholicae unitate, ed. and tr. Bévenot, Maurice (Oxford, 1971).
De episcoporum transmigratione et quod non temere iudicetur regule quadraginta quattuor, in Pozzi, J., ‘Le manuscrit Tomus XVIII de la Vallicelliana et le libelle De episcoporum transmigratione et quod non temere iudicetur regule quadraginta quattuor’, Apollinaris, xxxi (1958), 313–50.
Defensoris Liber scintillarum, ed. Rochais, H., CCSL 117 (Turnhout, 1957).
Delatio corporis s. Juniani in synodum Karrofensem, PL 137, cols. 825–6.
Digesta, ed. Mommsen, T., Corpus Iuris Civilis, vol. 1, 16th edn (Berlin, 1954).
Ecgberht of York, , Succinctus dialogus ecclesiasticae institutionis, ed. Haddan, A. W. and Stubbs, W., Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents Relating to Great Britain and Ireland, 3 vols (Oxford, 1869–71) III (1871), pp. 403–13.
Episulae Austrasicae, ed. Gundlach, W., MGH Epp. 3 (Hanover 1892); Italian tr. Malaspina, E., Il Liber epistolarum della cancelleria austrasica (saec. V-VI) (Rome, 2001).
Evans Grubbs, J. (ed.), Women and Law in the Roman Empire: a Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood (London and New York, 2002).
The Formularies of Angers and Marculf: Two Merovingian Legal Handbooks, tr. Rio, A. (Liverpool, 2008).
Fredegar, , Chronicon, ed. Krusch, B., MGH SRM II (Hanover, 1888, repr. 1984); The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with its Continuations, ed. and tr. Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. (London, 1960).
Fowler-Magerl, L. Clavis canonum: Selected Canon Law Collections Before 1140. Access with Data Processing, MGH, Hilfsmittel, 21 (Hanover, 2005).
Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen, ed. Liebermann, F., 3 vols (Halle a.S., 1903–1916), I (1903).
Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi, ed. Stubbs, W., Rolls Series (London 1867).
Gildas, , De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, tr. Winterbottom, M., Gildas, the Ruin of Britain (London and Chichester, 1978).
Gregory of Catino, Regestum Farfense, ed. Giorgi, I. and Balzani, U., Il Regesto di Farfa, 5 vols. (Rome, 1879–1914).
Gregory of Tours, Decem libri historiarum, ed. Krusch, B. and Levison, W., MGH SRM I,1 (Hannover, 1951); tr. Lewis Thorpe, The History of the Franks (London, 1974).
Gregory the Great, Dialogi, ed. de Vogüé, A. and Antin, P., Sources chrétiennes 260 and 265 (Paris, 1979 and 1980).
Gregory the Great, Homiliae in Evangelia, PL 76.
Gregory the Great, Moralia in Iob, ed. Adriaen, M., CCSL 143, 143A, 143B (Turnhout, 1979).
Gregory the Great, Registrum epistularum, eds. Ewald, P. and Hartmann, L., 2 vols., MGH Epp. I–II (1891–99); ed. Norberg, D., 2 vols., CCSL 140, 140 A (Turnhout, 1982) Regula Pastoralis, PL 77, cols. 13–128.
Guibert of Nogent, Monodiae, tr. Archambault, P. J., A Monk’s Confession: the Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent (University Park, PA, 1996).
Gunthramni regis Edictum, ed. Boretius, A., MGH Capit. I (Hanover, 1883; repr. 1984).
Hincmar of Rheims, De divortio Lotharii regis et Theutbergae reginae, ed. Böhringer, L., MGH Conc. IV Suppl. I (Hannover, 1992).
Hincmar of Rheims, De quibus apud, PL 126, cols. 210–30.
Hincmar of Rheims, Opusculum LV capitulorum. ed. Schieffer, R., MGH Conc. IV Supp. II (Hannover, 2003), pp. 99361.
Hydatius, Chronicon, in Burgess, R. W. (ed. and tr.), The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana (Oxford, 1993).
I placiti del regnum Italiae, ed. Manaresi, C., 3 vols. (Rome, 1955–60).
John of Biclaro, Chronica Minora II, ed. Mommsen, T., MGH AA XI (Berlin, 1894).
John the Deacon, Vita Gregorii, PL 75, cols. 59–240.
,, Iohannis Hymmonidis et Gauderici Veliterni, Leonis Ostiensis, Excerpta ex Clementinis Recognitionibus a Tyrannio Rufini Translatis, ed. Orlandi, G. (Milan, 1968).
Julian of Toledo, The Story of Wamba: Julian of Toledo’s ‘Historia Wambae Regis’, tr. Martinez Pizarro, J (Washington, DC, 2005).
Lactantius, De Mortibus Persecutorum, ed. Creed, J. L. (Oxford, 1984).
Lathcen, , Egloga quam scripsit Lathcen filius Baith de Moralibus Iob quas Gregorius fecit, ed. Adriaen, M., CCSL, 145 (1969).
Leges Langobardorum (643–866), ed. Beyerle, F., Die Gesetze der Langobarden, Germanenrechte Neue Folge, Westgermanisches Recht, 2nd edn. (Witzenhausen, 1962).
Lex Ribuaria, ed. Beyerle, F. and Buchner, R., MGH Legum sectio I, vol. 3 pt. I (Hannover, 1954).
Lives of the Fathers of Merida, tr. Fear, A., Lives of the Visigothic Fathers (Liverpool, 1997), pp. 46105.
The Miracles of our Lady of Rocamadour, ed. and tr. Bull, M. (Woodbridge, 1999).
Miracula sancti Columbani, ed. Bresslau, H., MGH SS XXX/2 (Hannover, 1934), pp. 9931015.
Pactus Legis Salicae, ed. Eckhard, K., MGH Legum, sectio I, vol. IV (Hannover, 1926).
Passio Leudegarii, tr. with commentary, Fouracre, P. and Gerberding, R., Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography 640–720 (Manchester, 1996), pp.193253.
Paul the Deacon, , Historia Langobardorum, ed. Waitz, G., MGH SRL (Hannover, 1878).
Priscillian, , Tractate, ed. Schepss, G., CSEL 18 (Vienna, 1889).
Tironis, Prosper, Chronicon (a. 412), ed. Mommsen, T., MGH SS AA IX (Berlin, 1892), 385485.
Flambard, Ranulf, De gestis pontificum anglorum, ed. Hamilton, N. E. S. A, Rolls Series (London, 1870).
Rather of Verona, Conclusio deliberativa, ed. Reid, P., Opera minora Ratherius Veronensis, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis, 46 (Turnhout, 1976).
Regino of Prüm, De synodalibus causis, in Hartmann, W. (ed.), Das Sendhandbuch des Regino von Prüm, Ausgewählte Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe, 42 (Darmstadt, 2004).
Revised Royal Frankish Annals, Lorsch Annals, St Nazarius Annals, tr. King, P. D., Charlemagne: Translated Sources (Lambrigg, 1987); Royal Frankish Annals, tr. Scholz, W., Carolingian Chronicles (Ann Arbor, MI, 1972), pp. 37–125.
Robert of Arbrissel: a Medieval Religious Life, ed. and tr. Venarde, B. (Washington, DC, 2003).
Severus, Sulpicius, Chronicle, ed. de Senneville-Grave, Ghislaine, Sulpice Severe, Chroniques, Sources chrétiennes, 441 (Paris, 1999).
The Theodosian Code, tr. Pharr, C., The Theodosian Code and Sirmondian Constitutions (Princeton, NJ, 1952).
Theodulf of Orleans, Capitula Episcoporum, 2, ed. Pokorny, R. and Stratmann, M., MGH Capit. Episcoporum II (Hannover, 1995).
Twain, M. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer’s Comrade), ed. Fischer, V. and Salamo, L., The Mark Twain Project of The Bancroft Library (Berkeley, CA, 2010).
Die Urkunden der Merovinger, ed. Kölzer, T., MGH. Diplomata regum Francorum e stirpe Merovingica, 2 vols. (Hannover, 2001).
Die Urkunden Pippins, Karlmanns und Karls des Großen, ed. Mühlbacher, E., MGH, Diplomata Karolinorum, I (Hanover, 1906).
Vita Caesarii, ed. Krusch, B., MGH SRM III (Hannover, 1896).
Vita Geraldi, PL 133, cols. 641–704.
Vita Germani Gandivallensis, ed. Krusch, B., MGH, SRM V (Hannover, 1910), pp. 3340.
Vita Gregorii, ed. Colgrave, B., The Earliest Life of Gregory the Great (Cambridge, 1985).
Vita Melania, ed. Gorce, D., Vie de Sainte Mélanie, Sources Chrétiennes, 90 (Paris, 1962); English tr. E. A. Clark, Gerontius, The Life of Melania the Younger: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (Lewiston, Lampeter, and Queenston, 1984).
Volpini, R.Placiti del “Regnum Italiae” (secc. IX-XI). Primi contributi per un nuovo censimento’, in Zerbi, P. (ed.), Contributi dell’Istituto di storia medioevale, III (Milan, 1975), pp.245520.
Zechiel-Eckes, K. (ed.), Die erste Dekretale. Der Brief Papst Siricius’ an Bischof Himerius von Tarragona vom Jahr 385 (JK 255), ed. Jasper, D., MGH Studien und Texte, 55 (Hannover, 2013).
Zosimus, Epistolae, ed. Grundlach, W., MGH Epp. III (Berlin, 1892).
Airlie, S.Private Bodies and the Body Politic in the Divorce Case of Lothar II’, Past & Present, 161 (1998), 338.
Airlie, S.Sad stories of the death of kings: Narrative Patterns and Structures of Authority in Regino of Prum’s Chronicon’, in Tyler, E. M. and Balzaretti, R. (eds.), Narrative and History in the Early Medieval West (Turnhout, 2006), pp. 105–31.
Airlie, S.Semper fideles? Loyauté envers les Carolingiens comme constituant de l’identité aristocratique’, in Jan, R. Le (ed.), La royauté et les élites dans l’Europe carolingienne (Lille, 1998), pp. 129–43.
Algazi, G. Herrengewalt und Gewalt der Herren im späten Mittelalter. Herrschaft Gegenseitigkeit und Sprachgebrauch (Frankfurt, 1992).
Algazi, G.Pruning Peasants: Private War and Maintaining the Lord’s Peace in Late Medieval Germany’, in Cohen, E. and de Jong, M. (eds.), Medieval Transformations: Texts, Power and Gifts in Context (Leiden 2000), pp. 245–74.
Algazi, G.The Social Uses of Private War: Some Late Medieval Views Reviewed’, Tel Aviver Jahrbuch fur deutsche Geshichte, 22 (1993), 253–73.
Amselle, J.-L. Mestizo Logics: Anthropology of Identity in Africa and Elsewhere (Stanford, CA, 1998).
Arjava, A. Women and Law in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 1996).
Arlinghaus, F.-J.From “Improvised Theater” to Scripted Roles: Literacy and Changes in Communication in North Italian Law Courts (Twelfth-Thirteenth Centuries)’, in Heidecker, K. (ed.), Charters and the Use of the Written Word in Medieval Society (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 215–37.
Arnaldi, G.Giovanni Immonide e la cultura a Roma al tempo di Giovanni VIII’, Bulletino dell’Instituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo e Archivo Muratoriano, 68 (1956), 3389.
Arnaldi, G.“Giovanni Immonide e la cultura a Roma al tempo di Giovanni VIII”: Una retractatio’ in Arnaldi, G. and Cavallo, G. (eds.), Europa medievale e mondo Bizantino. Contatti effetive e possibilità di studi comparativi (Rome, 1997), pp. 163–77.
Azzara, C.La figura di Gregorio magno nell’opera di Paolo Diacono’, in Chiesa, P. (ed.), Paolo diacono. Uno scrittore fra tradizione longobardo e rinnovamento carolingio (Udine, 2000), pp. 2938.
Babut, C. É. Le concile de Turin: essai sur l’histoire des églises provençales au Ve siècle et sur les origines de la monarchie ecclésiastique romaine (417–450) (París, 1904).
Bagnall, R. S.Church, State and Divorce in Late Roman Egypt’, in Somerville, R. and Selig, K. L. (eds.), Florilegium Colombianum: Essays in Honor of Paul Oskar Kristeller (New York, 1987), pp.4161.
Balzaretti, R.The Monastery of Sant’Ambrogio and Dispute Settlement in Early Medieval Milan’, Early Medieval Europe, 3 (1994), 118.
Barbero, A. and Loring, M. I., ‘The Catholic Visigothic Kingdom’, in Fouracre, P. (ed.), New Cambridge Medieval History, I, pp. 346–70.
Barbero, A. and Loring, M. I., ‘The Formation of the Sueve and Visigothic Kingdoms in Spain’, in Fouracre, (ed.), New Cambridge Medieval History, I, pp. 162–92.
Barnes, T. D. Constantine: Dynasty, Religion and Power in the Later Roman Empire (Oxford, 2011).
Barnes, T. D. Early Christian Hagiography and Roman History (Tübingen, 2010).
Barth, F. Political Leadership among Swat Pathans, London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology, 19, corrected edn. (London, 1965), pp. 81–6.
Barthélemy, D. L’an mil et la paix de dieu: la France chrétienne et féodale (Paris, 1999).
Barthélemy, D. Chevaliers et miracles. La violence et la sacré dans la société féodale (Paris, 2004).
Barthélemy, D.Une crise de l’écrit? Observations sur des actes de St-Aubin d’Angers (XIe siècle)’, Bibliotheque de l’Ecole des Chartes, 155/1 (1997), 95117.
Barthélemy, D.Feudal War in Tenth-Century France’, in Throop, S. A and Hyams, P. R., Vengeance in the Middle Ages: Emotion, Religion and Feud (Farnham, 2010), pp. 105–13.
Barthélemy, D.La mutation de l’an mil, a-t-elle eu lieu?Annales. Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, 47 (1992), 767–77.
Barthélemy, D. La mutation de l’an mil, a-t-elle eu lieu? Servage et chevalerie dans la France des Xe et XIe siècles (Paris, 1997), tr. as The Serf, the Knight and the Historian (Ithaca, NY and London, 2009).
Barthélemy, D.La mutation de l’an 1100’, Journal des savants, 1 (2005), 328.
Barthélemy, D.The Peace of God in the Days of the Millennium’, in The Serf, the Knight and the Historian (Ithaca, NY, and London, 2009), pp. 245301.
Barthélemy, D. La société dans le comté de Vendôme: de l’an mil au xive siècle (Paris, 1993).
Barthélemy, D.La vengeance, le jugement et le compromis’, in Le règlement des conflits au moyen âge, XXXIe Congrès de la S. H. M. E. S. (Angers, juin, 2000), Société des Historiens Médiévistes de l’Enseignement Supérieur Public (Paris, 2001), pp. 1120.
Bartlett, R. Trial by Fire and Water: the Medieval Judicial Ordeal (Oxford, 1986).
Barton, R. E. Lordship in the County of Maine, c. 890–1160 (Woodbridge, 2004).
Bell, C. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice (Oxford, 1992).
Bennett, M.Violence in Eleventh-Century Normandy: Feud, Warfare and Politics’, in Halsall, Violence and Society in the Early Medieval West (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 108–25.
Bickerman, E. J.Review: A. M. H. Jones, Later Roman Empire 284–602’, American Historical Review, 70/3 (1965), 750–1.
Biget, J. L. Hérésie et inquisition dans le midi de la France (Paris, 2007).
Birley, A. R.Magnus Maximus and the Persecution of Heresy’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library of Manchester, 66/1 (1983), 1343.
Bisson, T. N. The Crisis of the Twelfth Century: Power, Lordship and the Origins of European Government (Princeton, NJ, 2009).
Bisson, T. N.The Feudal Revolution’, Past & Present, 142 (1994), 642.
Bisson, T. N. Tormented Voices: Power, Crisis, and Humanity in Rural Catalonia, 1140–1200 (Cambridge, MA, 1998).
Blackburn, M.“Productive Sites” and the Pattern of Coin Loss in England, 600–1180’, in Pestell, T. and Ulmschneider, K. (eds.), Markets in Medieval Europe: Trading and Productive Sites, 650–850 (Macclesfield, 2003), pp. 2036.
Black-Michaud, J. Cohesive Force (Oxford, 1975).
Blair, J. The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford, 2005)
Bloch, M. Feudal Society, tr. Manyon, L. A. (London, 1961).
Boehm, C. Blood Revenge: the Anthropology of Feuding in Montenegro and Other Tribal Societies (Lawrence, KS, 1984).
Bof, R.Raymund’s Daughter’s Divorce in the 9th Century: a Woman’s Textual Role in the Breaking of an Alliance’, in Salvaterra, C. and Waaldijk, B. (eds.), Paths to Gender: European Historical Perspectives on Women and Men, CLIOHRES Transversal themes (Pisa, 2009), pp. 195207.
Böhringer, L.Der eherecthliche Traktat im Paris. Lat. 12445, einer Arbeitshandschrift Hinkmars von Reims’, Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters, 46 (1990), 1847.
Böhringer, L.Gewaltverzicht, Gesichtswahrung und Befriedung durch Öffentlichkeit. Beobachtungen zur Entstehung des kirchlichen Eherechts im 9. Jahrhundert am Beispiel Hinkmars von Reims’, in Esders, S. (ed.), Rechtsverständnis und Konfliktbewältigung. Gerichtliche und außergerichtliche Strategien im Mittelalter (Cologne, Weimar, and Vienna, 2007), pp. 255–90.
Böhringer, L.Das Recht im Dienst der Machtpolitik? Anmerkungen zu einer Neuerscheinung über die Scheidungsaffäre König Lothars II’, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, 119 (2011), 146–54.
Bois, G. The Transformation of the Year 1000: the Village of Lournand from Antiquity to Feudalism, tr. Birrell, J. (Manchester, 1992).
Bonnassie, P.From the Rhône to Galicia: Origins and Modalities of the Feudal Order’, in From Slavery to Feudalism in South-Western Europe (Cambridge, 1991).
Bonnet, M. Le latin de Grégoire de Tours (Paris, 1890).
Booker, C. Past Convictions: the Penance of Louis the Pious and the Decline of the Carolingians (Philadelphia, PA, 2009).
Booth, P. Crisis of Empire: Doctrine and Dissent at the End of Late Antiquity (Berkeley, CA, 2014).
Bougard, F.Composition, diffusion et réception des parties tardives du “Liber pontificalis” romain (VIII–IX siècles)’, in Bougard, F., Sot, M. (eds.), Liber, Gesta, histoire (Turnhout, 2009), pp. 127152.
Bougard, F.Écrire le procès. Le compte rendu judiciaire entre VIIIe et XIe siècle’, Médiévales, 56 (2009), 2340.
Bougard, F.Entre Gandolfingi et Obertenghi. Les comtes de Plaisance aux Xe et XIe siècles’, Mélanges de l’École Française de Rome. Moyen Âge, 101/1 (1989), 1166.
Bougard, F. ‘“Falsum falsorum judicum consilium”. L’écrit et la justice en Italie centro-septentrionale au XIe siècle’, Bibliothèque de l’école des chartes, 155/1 (1997), 299314.
Bougard, F. La justice dans le royaume d’Italie de la fin du VIIIe siècle au début du XIe siècle, Bibliothèque des Écoles Françaises d’Athènes et de Rome, 291 (Rome, 1995).
Bougard, F. ‘Pierre de Niviano, dit le Spolétin, sculdassius, et le gouvernement du comté de Plaisance à l’époque carolingienne’, Journal des savants, juillet-décembre (1996), 291337.
Bougard, F.La relique au procès. Autour des miracles de saint Colomban’, in Le règlement des conflits au Moyen Âge, Actes du XXXIe congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement supérieur public (Paris, 2000), pp. 3566.
Bowes, K.Early Christian Archaeology: a State of the Field’, Religion Compass, 2 (2008), 575615.
Bowes, K.Personal Devotions and Private Chapels’, in Burrus, Virginia (ed.), A People’s History of Christianity. Volume 2: Late Ancient Christianity (Minneapolis, MN, 2005), pp. 188210.
Bowes, K. Private Worship, Public Values, and Religious Change in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2008).
Boyle, L. E.Diplomatics’, in Powell, J. M. (ed.), Medieval Studies: an Introduction, 2nd edn. (Syracuse, NY, 1992), pp. 82113.
Bradshaw, P. F. The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship: Sources and Methods for the Study of Early Liturgy, 2nd edn. (London, 2002).
Braga, G.Moralia in Iob: Epitomi dei secoli VII–X e loro evoluzione’, in Fontaine, J., Gillet, R., and Pellistrandi, S. (eds.) Grégoire le Grand, Colloques internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre culturel les Fontaines, 15–19 septembre 1982 (Paris, 1986), pp. 561–8.
Brakke, D. Athanasius and the Politics of Asceticism (Oxford, 1995).
Brooks, N. The Early History of the Church of Canterbury (Leicester, 1984).
Brown, G. H.Bede’s Neglected Commentary on Samuel’, in DeGregorio, S. (ed.), Innovation and Tradition in the Writings of the Venerable Bede (Morgantown, WV, 2006), pp. 121–42.
Brown, G. H.Bede’s Style in his Commentary On 1 Samuel’, in Roberts, J. and Minnis, A. (eds.), Text, Image, Interpretation: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Literature in Honour of Eamonn Ó’Carragáin (Turnhout, 2007), pp. 233–51.
Brown, G. H.Le Commentaire problématique de Bède sur le premier Livre de Samuel’, in Lebecq, S., Perrin, M., and Szerwiniack, O. (eds.), Bède le Vénérable entre Tradition et Postérité, Histoire de l’Europe de Nord-Ouest 34 (Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2005), pp. 8796.
Brown, P. R. L. The Cult of Saints: Its Rise and Function in Late Antiquity (London, 1982).
Brown, P. R. L.Gregory of Tours. Introduction’, in Mitchell, K. and Wood, I. N. (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours (Leiden, 2002).
Brown, P. R. L. The Ransom of the Soul: Wealth and the Afterlife from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, MA, 2015).
Brown, P. R. L. Religion and Society in the Age of St Augustine (London, 1972).
Brown, P. R. L.The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity’, Journal of Roman Studies, 61 (1971), 80101.
Brown, P. R. L.The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity, 1971–1997’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 6.3 (1998), 353–76.
Brown, P. R. L. The Rise of Western Christendom: Triumph and Diversity, 200–1000 (2nd edn. Oxford, 2002; rev. edn 2013).
Brown, P. R. L.Society and the Supernatural: a Medieval Change’, Daedalus, 104 (1975), 133–51, reprinted in Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Chicago, 1981).
Brown, P. R. L. Through the Eye of a Needle: Wealth, the Fall of Rome and the Making of Christianity in the West, 350–550 AD (Princeton, NJ, 2012).
Brown, W. Unjust Seizure: Conflict, Interest and Authority in an Early Medieval Society (Ithaca, NY, 2001).
Brown, W. Violence in Medieval Europe (Harlow, 2011).
Brown, W., Costambeys, M., Innes, M., and Kosto, A. (eds.), Documentary Culture and the Laity in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2012).
Brown, W. and Górecki, P. (eds.), Conflict in Medieval Europe: Changing Perspectives on Society and Culture (Aldershot, 2003), pp. 135.
Brühl, C.Die Entwicklung der diplomatischen Methode im Zusammenhang mit dem Erkennen von Fälschungen’, in Fälschungen im Mittelalter. Internationaler Kongreß der Monumenta Germaniae Historica München, 16.-19. September 1986, vol. III (Hannover, 1988), pp. 1127.
Brunner, O. Land und Herrschaft: Grundfragen der territorialen Verfassungsgeschichte Östereichs im Mittelalter, 6th edn. (Vienna, 1973), tr. as Land and Lordship: Structures of Governance in Medieval Austria by Kaminsky, H. and Melton, J. V. H. (Philadelphia, PA, 1992).
Brunsch, S. H.The Authority of Documents in Early Medieval Italian Pleas’, in Bolton, B. and Meek, C. (eds.), Aspects of Power and Authority in the Middle Ages (Turnhout, 2007), pp. 277–88.
Buc, P. The Dangers of Ritual: Between Early Medieval Texts and Social Scientific Theory (Princeton, NJ, 2001).
Burgess, R. and Kulikowski, M., Mosaics of Time: the Latin Chronicle Tradition from the First Century BC to the Sixth Century AD (Turnhout, 2013).
Burrus, V. The Making of a Heretic: Gender, Authority, and the Priscillianist Controversy (Berkeley, CA, 1995).
Byock, J.Defining Feud: Talking Points and Iceland’s Saga Women’, in Netterstrøm, J. B. and Poulson, B. (eds.), Feud in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Aarhus, 2007), pp. 95112.
Cameron, A.Agathias on the Early Merovingians’, Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di lettere e filosofia ser. 2, 37 (1968), pp. 95140.
Cameron, A.Enforcing Orthodoxy in Byzantium’, in Cooper, K. and Gregory, J. (eds.), Discipline and Diversity (Woodbridge, 2007), pp. 124.
Cameron, A.The “Long” Late Antiquity: a Late Twentieth-Century Model’, in Wiseman, T. P. (ed.), Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome (Oxford, 2002), pp. 165–91.
Campbell, J.The Church in Anglo-Saxon Towns’, in Campbell, J., Essays in Anglo-Saxon History (London, 1986), pp. 139–54.
Campbell, J.Elements in the Background to the Life of St Cuthberht and his Early Cult’, in Campbell, J., The Anglo-Saxon State (London, 2000), pp. 85106.
Campbell, J.Questioning Bede’, in Henig, M. and Ramsay, N. (eds.), Intersections: the Archaeology and History of Christianity in England, 400–1200. Papers in Honour of Martin Biddle and Birthe Kjølbye-Biddle, BAR British Series 505 (Oxford, 2010), pp. 119–27.
Carrié, J.-M.Developments in Provincial and Local Administration’, in Bowman, A., Cameron, A., and Garnsey, P. (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 12: The Crisis of Empire, AD 193–337, 2nd edn. (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 269312.
Carroll, M. T. A. The Venerable Bede: His Spiritual Teachings (Washington, DC, 1946).
Carroll, S.The Peace in the Feud in Sixteenth– and Seventeenth-Century France’, Past & Present, 178 (2003), 74114.
Carsten, J. After Kinship (Cambridge, 2004).
Castaldi, L.Le dediche di Giovanni Immonide’, Filologia mediolatina, 17 (2010), 3969.
Castaldi, L. Iohannes Hymmonides diaconus romanus. Vita Gregorii I papa: (B.H.L. 3641–3642), Vol. I , La tradizione manoscritta (Florence, 2004 ).
Castaldi, L.Il Registrum Epistularum di Gregorio Magno’, Filologia Mediolatina, 11 (2004), 5597.
Castaldi, L. (ed.), La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo, Gregorius I Papa (Florence, 2013). and Martello, F., ‘“Tempera quasi aurum”: origine, redazione e diffusione del Liber testimoniorum di Paterio’, Filologia Mediolatina, 18 (2011), 23107.
Castellanos, S.Tributa and Historiae: Scale and Power at a Turning Point in Post-Roman Spain’, in Escalona, J. and Reynolds, A. (eds.), Scale and Scale Change in the Early Middle Ages: Exploring Landscape, Local Society, and the World Beyond (Turnhout, 2011), pp. 187214.
Castellanos, S. and Viso, I. Martin, ‘The Local Articulation of Central Power in the North of the Iberian Peninsula (500–1000), Early Medieval Europe, 13 (2005), 141.
Castagnetti, A. Arimanni in ‘Langobardia’ e in ‘Romania’ dall’età carolingia all’età communale (Verona, 1996).
Chadwick, H. Priscillian of Avila: the Occult and the Charismatic in the Early Church (Oxford, 1976).
Chanock, M. Law, Custom and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia (Portsmouth, NH, 1998).
Chaume, M. Les origins du duché de Bourgogne (Dijon, 1926).
Cheyette, F. L.Georges Duby’s Mâconnais after Fifty Years: Reading it then and now’, Journal of Medieval History, 28 (2002), 291317.
Cheyette, F. L.Suum Cuique Tribuere’, French Historical Studies, 6 (1970), 287–99.
Clark, E. A.Constraining the Body, Expanding the Text: the Exegesis of Divorce in the Later Latin Fathers’, in Klingshirn, W. E. and Vessey, M. (eds.), The Limits of Ancient Christianity (Ann Arbor, MI, 1999), pp. 153–71.
Cohn, N. The Pursuit of the Millennium, 3rd edn. (London 1970).
Colson, E.The Contentiousness of Disputes’, in Caplan, P. (ed.), Understanding Disputes: the Politics of Argument (Oxford, 1995), pp. 6582.
Colson, E.Social Control in Plateau Tonga Society’, Africa, 23 (1953), 199212.
Cooper, K.Approaching the Holy Household’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 15 (2007), 131–42.
Cooper, K.Christianity, Private Power, and the Law from Decius to Constantine: the Minimalist View’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 19/3 (2011), 327–43.
Cooper, K.Closely Watched Households: Visibility, Exposure and Private Power in the Roman Domus’, Past & Present, 197 (2007), 333.
Cooper, K. The Fall of the Roman Household (Cambridge, 2007).
Cooper, K.Gender and the Fall of Rome’, in Rousseau, P. and Raithel, J. (eds.), A Companion to Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2009), pp. 187200.
Cooper, K.The Household as a Venue for Religious Conversion’, in Rawson, B. (ed.), A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds (Oxford, 2010), pp. 183–97.
Cooper, K.Insinuations of Womanly Influence: An Aspect of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy’, Journal of Roman Studies, 82 (1990), 150–64.
Cooper, K.Marriage, Law, and Christian Rhetoric in Vandal Africa’, in Conant, J. P. and Stevens, Susan T. (eds.), North Africa under Byzantium and Early Islam, ca. 500–ca. 800 (Washington, D.C., 2015) pp. 237–49.
Cooper, K.Martyrdom, Memory, and the “Media Event”: Visionary Writing and Christian Apology in Second-century Christianity’, in Janes, D. and Houen, A. (eds.), Terrorism and Martyrdom: British Perspectives in Global Context (Oxford, 2014), pp. 2339.
Cooper, K.Ventriloquism and the Miraculous: Conversion, Preaching, and the Martyr Exemplum in Late Antiquity’, in Cooper, K. and Gregory, J. (eds.), Signs, Wonders, and Miracles, Studies in Church History, 41 (Woodbridge, 2005), pp. 2245.
Corke-Webster, J.Author and Authority: Literary Representations of Moral Authority in Eusebius of Caesarea’s The Martyrs of Palestine’, in Gemeinhardt, P. and Leemans, J. (eds.), Christian Martyrdom in Late Antiquity: History and Discourse, Tradition and Religious Identity, Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 116 (Berlin/New York, 2012), pp. 5178.
Corke-Webster, J. ‘Trouble in Pontus: the Pliny-Trajan Correspondence on the Christians Reconsidered’ (unpublished manuscript).
Corke-Webster, J. ‘Violence and Authority in Eusebius of Caesarea’s Ecclesiastical History’, PhD thesis, University of Manchester (2013).
Costambeys, M.Disputes and Courts in Lombard and Carolingian Central Italy’, Early Medieval Europe, 15 (2007), 265–89.
Costambeys, M.The Monastic Environment of Paul the Deacon’, in Chiesa, P. (ed.), Paolo diacono. Uno scrittore fra tradizione longobardo e rinnovamento carolingio (Udine, 2000), pp. 129–38.
Croke, B. Count Marcellinus and His Chronicle (Oxford, 2001).
Cross, F. L.History and Fiction in the African Canons’, Journal of Theological Studies, 12 (1961), 227–47.
Crouzel, H. L’Église primitive face au divorce, Theologie historique, 13 (Paris, 1971).
Crouzel, H.A propos du concile d’Arles. Faut-il mettre “non” avant “prohibentur nubere” dans le canon 11 (ou 10) du concile d’Arles de 314 sur le remariage après divorce?’, Bulletin de littérature ecclésiastique, 75 (1974), 2540; repr.: Crouzel, Mariage et divorce, célibat et caractère sacerdotaux dans l’église ancienne. Études diverses (Turin, 1982).
Cursent, B.Excursus. Une affaire du non-hérésie en Gascogne en l’année 1208’, in Zerner, M. (ed.), Inventer l’hérésie? Discours polémiques et pouvoirs avant l’inquisition (Nice, 1998), pp. 257–62.
Dagron, G.Les moines et la ville: Le monachisme à Constantinople’, Travaux et mémoires, 4 (1970), 229–76.
Dal Santo, M. Debating the Saints’ Cults in the Age of Gregory the Great (Oxford, 2012).
Darby, P. Bede and the End of Time (Farnham, 2012).
Daudet, P. Études sur l’histoire de la jurisdiction matrimoniale. Les origines carolingiennes de la compétence exclusive de l’Église (France et Germanie) (Paris, 1933).
Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Languages of Gift in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2010).
Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), Property and Power in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1996).
Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1986).
Dean, J. M.The World Grown Old and Genesis in Middle English Historical Writings’, Speculum, 57 (1982), 548–68.
Dean, T. Crime in Medieval Europe, 1200–1500 (Edinburgh, 2001).
Declercq, G.Originals and Cartularies: the Organization of Archival Memory (Ninth-Eleventh Centuries)’, in Heidecker, K. (ed.), Charters and the Use of the Written Word in Medieval Society (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 147–70.
DeGregorio, S.Bede’s In Ezram et Neemiam and the Reform of the Northumbrian Church’, Speculum, 79 (2004), 125.
DeGregorio, S.Footsteps of His Own: Bede’s Commentary on Ezra and Nehemiah’, in Gregorio, (ed.), Innovation and Traditionin the Writings of the Venerable Bede (Morgantown, WV, 2006), pp. 143–68.
DeGregorio, S.Nostrorum socordiam temporum: the Reforming Impulse of Bede’s Later Exegesis’, Early Medieval Europe, 11 (2002), 107122.
DeGregorio, S.The Venerable Bede and Gregory the Great: Exegetical Connections, Spiritual Departures’, Early Medieval Europe 18 (2010), 4360.
de Jong, M. B. The Penitential State: Authority and Atonement in the Age of Louis the Pious, 814–840 (Cambridge, 2009).
de Jong, M. B.The State of the Church: Ecclesia and Early Medieval State Formation’, in Pohl, W. and Wieser, V. (eds.), Der frühmittelalterliche Staat – europäische Perspektiven (Vienna, 2009), pp. 241–54.
Delogu, P. An Introduction to Medieval History (London, 2002).
Delogu, P.Vescovi, conti e sovrani nella crisi del regno italico (Ricerche sull’aristocrazia carolingia in Italia, III)’, Annali della scuola speciale per archvisti e bibliotecari del’Universita di Romà, viii (1968), 372.
Delumeau, J.-P.Sociétés, cadres de pouvoir et règlement des conflits en Italie du Xe siècle à l’émergence des juridictions communales’, Actes des congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement supérieur public. 31e congrès (Angers, 2000), pp. 169–88.
Devos, P.Le mystérieux épisode final de la Vita Gregorii de Jean Diacre. Formose et sa fuite de Rome’, AB 82 (1964) 356–81.
Dhondt, J.Henri Pirenne: historien des institutions urbaines’, Annali della fondazione italiana per la storia amministrativa, 3 (1966), pp. 81129.
Dockès, P. Medieval Slavery and Liberation (Chicago, 1982).
Dodwell, C. R. Anglo-Saxon Art: a New Perspective (Manchester, 1982).
Dresch, P. and Skoda, H. (eds.), Legalism:Anthropology and History (Oxford, 2012).
Drinkwater, J. F. The Bacaudae of Fifth-Century Gaul’, in Drinkwater, J. and Elton, H. (eds.), Fifth-Century Gaul: a Crisis of Identity? (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 208–17.
Drinkwater, J. F.The Usurpers: Constantine III (407–411) and Jovinus (411–13)’, Britannia, 29 (1998), 269–98.
Duby, G. L’an mil, 2nd edn. (Paris, 1980).
Duby, G. L’an mil et la paix de Dieu (Paris, 1999).
Duby, G. Le chevalier, la femme et le prêtre. Le mariage dans la France féodale, La force des Idées (Paris, 1981); tr. Postan, C., The Chivalrous Society (London, 1977).
Duby, G. Le dimanche de Bouvines (Paris, 1973).
Duby, G.Recherches sur l’évolution des institutions judiciaries pendant le Xe et le XIe siècle dans le sud de la Bourgogne’, Le Moyen Âge, 52 (1946), 149–94; 53 (1947), 15–35; tr. as ‘The Evolution of Judicial Institutiopns: Burgundy in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries’, in Duby, The Chivalrous Society, tr. C. Postan (Berkeley, CA, 1980), pp. 115–58.
Duby, G. La société aux XIe et XIIe siècles dans la region mâconnaise (Paris, 1953).
Duchesne, L. Fastes Episcopaux de l’Ancienne Gaul, vol. I (Paris, 1894).
Duchesne, L. Histoire ancienne de l’Église, vol. III (Paris, 1910).
Dumézil, B. Les racines chrétiennes de l’Europe: Conversion et liberté dans les royaumes barbares Ve – VIIIe siècle (Paris, 2005).
Dunn, M. The Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons c. 597-c.700: Discourses of Life, Death, and Afterlife (London, 2009).
Esders, S.Avenger of all perjury” in Constantinople, Ravenna, and Merovingian Metz. St Polyeuctus, Sigibert I, and the division of Charibert’s Kingdom in 568’, in Fischer, A. (ed.), Cultural Transfers in the Mediterranean, 5th – 9th Centuries (Bangor, 2014), pp. 1740.
Esders, S.Der Reinigungseid mit Helfern. Individuelle und kollektive Rechtsvorstellungen in der Wahrnehmung und Darstellung frühmittelalterlicher Konflikte’, in Esders, (ed.), Rechtsverständnis und Konfliktbewältigung: Gerichtliche und außergerichtliche Strategien im Mittelalter (Cologne, Weimar, and Vienna, 2007), pp. 5577.
Esders, S. Römische Rechtstradition und merowingisches Königtum. Zum Rechtscharakter politischer Herrschaft in Burgund im 6. und 7. Jahrhundert, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte, 134 (Göttingen, 1997).
Escalona, J.The Early Middle Ages: a Scale-based Approach’, in Escalona, J. and Reynolds, A. (eds.), Scale and Scale Change in the Early Middle Ages: Exploring Landscape, Local Society, and the World Beyond (Turnhout, 2011), pp. 930.
Escribano Paño, M. V.Heresy and Orthodoxy in Fourth-Century Hispania: Arianism and Priscillianism’, in Bowes, K. and Kulikowski, M., eds., Hispania in late antiquity: current perspectives (Leiden, 2005), 121–50.
Esmark, K. and Orning, H. J., ‘General Introduction’, in Esmark, K., Hermanson, L., Orning, H. J., and Vogt, H. (eds.), Disputing Strategies in Medieval Scandinavia (Leiden, 2013), pp. 128.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. The Nuer: a Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People (Oxford, 1940).
Everett, N.Literacy and the Law in Lombard Government’, Early Medieval Europe, 9 (2000), 93127.
Ewald, P.Studien zur Angabe des Registers Gregors I’, Neues Archiv, 3 (1878), 433625.
Ewig, E.Die fränkischen Teilungen und Teilreiche (511–613)’, in Ewig Spätantikes und Fränkisches Gallien, 1 (Munich, 1976), pp. 114–71.
Fayer, C. La familia romana. iii. Concubinato, divorzio, adulterio, Problemi e ricerche di storia antica, 22 (Rome, 2005).
Feller, L., Gramain, A., and Weber, F., La fortune de Karol. Marché de la terre et liens personnels dans les Abruzzes au haut moyen âge, Collection de l’École française de Rome, 347 (Rome, 2005).
Fichtenau, H. Das Karolingische Imperium (Zurich, 1949), translated as The Carolingian Empire (Oxford, 1957).
Ficker, J. Forschungen zur Reichs– und Rechtsgeschichte Italiens, I (Innsbruck, 1868; repr. Aalen, 1961).
Filson, F.The Significance of the Early House Churches’, Journal of Biblical Literature, 58 (1939), 105–12.
Firey, A. A Contrite Heart: Prosecution and Redemption in the Carolingian Empire (Leiden, 2009).
Firey, A.Mutating Monsters: Approaches to “Living Texts” of the Carolingian Era’, Digital Proceedings of the Lawrence J. Schoenberg Symposium on Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age, 2 (2010), 114.
Firminger, W. K.St Peter Damiani and “Auxilius”’, Journal of Theological Studies, 26 (1924–25), 7881.
Fleming, R. Britain after Rome: the Fall and Rise, 400–1070 (London, 2010).
Fleming, R.Rural Elites and Urban Communities in Late Saxon England’, Past & Present, 141/1 (1993), 337.
Foley, W. T. and Higham, N. J., ‘Bede and the Britons’, Early Medieval Europe, 17 (2009), 154–85.
Fontaine, J.Education and Learning’, in Fouracre, P. (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, I (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 735–59.
Foot, S. Monastic Life in Anglo-Saxon England, c. 600 – 900 (Cambridge, 2006).
Fortes, M. and Evans Pritchard, E. E. (eds.), African Political Systems (Oxford, 1940).
Fossier, R. Enfance de l’Europe, Xè-XIIè siècles. Aspects économiques et sociaux, 2 vols. (Paris, 1982), 1.
Fouracre, P. The Age of Charles Martel (Harlow, 2000).
Fouracre, P.Attitudes Towards Violence in Seventh– and Eighth-Century Francia’, in Halsall, G. (ed.), Violence and Society in the Early Medieval West (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 5975.
Fouracre, P.Carolingian Justice: the Rhetoric of Improvement and Contexts of Abuse’, in La giustizia nel altomedioevo (secoli V–VIII), Settimane di studio del CISAM, 42 (Spoleto, 1995), pp. 771803.
Fouracre, P.Conflict, Power and Legitimation in Francia in the Late Seventh and Eighth Centuries’, in Alfonso, I., Kennedy, H., and Escalona, J. (eds.), Building Legitimacy: Political Discourses and Forms of Legitimation in Medieval Societies (Leiden, 2004), pp. 326.
Fouracre, P.Cultural Conformity and Social Conservatism in Early Medieval Europe’, History Workshop Journal, 33 (1992), 152–60.
Fouracre, P.Francia and the History of Early Medieval Europe’, Journal of the Haskins Society, 23 (2011), 121.
Fouracre, P.Marmoutier and its Serfs in the Eleventh Century’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., no. 15 (2005), 2949.
Fouracre, P.Merovingian History and Merovingian Hagiography’, Past & Present, 127 (1990), 338.
Fouracre, P.The Nature of Frankish Political Institutions in the Seventh Century’, in Wood, I. (ed.), Franks and Alemanni in the Merovingian Period: an Ethnographic Perspective (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 285316.
Fouracre, P.Space, Culture and Kingdoms’, in Linehan, P. and Nelson, J. L. (eds.), The Medieval World (London, 2001), pp. 366–80.
Fournier, P.L’origine de la collection “Anselmo dedicata”’, Mélanges P. F. Girard (Paris, 1912), 478–95.
Fowden, G. Before and After Mohammed: The First Millennium Refocussed (Princeton, NJ, 2014).
Fowler Magerl, L.The Use of the Letters of Pope Gregory I in Northeastern France and Lorraine before 1100’, in Ascheri, M., Ebel, Friederch, et al. (eds.), Festschrift für Knut Wolfgang Nörr (Cologne, 2003), pp. 237–60.
Fox, R. Kinship and Marriage: an Anthropological Perspective (Cambridge, 1967).
Frye, D.Bishops as Pawns in Early Fifth-Century Gaul’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 42/3 (1991), 349–61.
Fuhrmann, H. Einfluss und Verbreitung der pseudoisidorsichen Fälschungen: von ihrem Auftauchen bis in die neuere Zeit Schriften der MGH 12, 3 vols. (Munich, 1972–74), vol. I, pp. 189–91.
Gaddis, M. There is No Crime for Those Who Have Christ: Religious Violence in the Christian Roman Empire (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, 2005).
Geary, P. J. Aristocracy in Provence: the Rhône Basin at the Dawn of the Carolingian Age (Stuttgart, 1985).
Geary, P. J.Ethnic Identity as a Situational Construct in the Early Middle Ages’, Mitteilungen der anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 113 (1983), pp. 1526.
Geary, P. J.Extra-Judicial Means of Conflict Resolution’, in La giustizia nel altomedioevo (secoli V-VIII), Settimane di studio del CISAM, 42 (Spoleto, 1995), pp. 569602.
Geary, P. J.Gift Exchange and Social Science Modelling: the Limitations of a Construct’, in Algazi, G., Groebner, V., and Jussen, B. (eds.), Negotiating the Gift: Pre-modern Figurations of Exchange (Göttingen, 1991), pp. 129–40.
Geary, P. J.L’humiliation des saints’, Annales, 34 (1979), 2742.
Geary, P. J.Living with Conflicts in Stateless France: a Typology of Conflict Management Mechanisms, 1050–1200’, in Geary, Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, NY, 1994), pp. 125–62 (a revised translation of ‘Vivre en conflit dans une France sans état. Typologie des méchanismes de règlement des conflits, 1050–1200’, Annales ESC, 41 [1986], 1107–33).
Giardina, A.Esplosione di tardoantico’, Studi Storici, 40 (1999), 157–80.
Girard, R. Violence and the Sacred, tr. Gregory, P. (French edn., 1972; Baltimore, MD, 1977).
Gluckman, M. Custom and Conflict in Africa (Oxford, 1955).
Gluckman, M.Interhierarchical Roles: Professional and Party Ethics in Tribal Areas in South and Central Africa’, in Swartz, M. J. (ed.), Local-level Politics: Social and Cultural Perspectives (London, 1969), pp. 6994.
Gluckman, M.The Peace in the Feud’, Past & Present, 8 (1955), 114.
Gluckman, M. Politics, Law and Ritual in Tribal Society (Chicago, 1965).
Gluckman, M.Social Anthropology in Central Africa’, Rhodes-Livingstone Journal, 20 (1956), pp. 127.
Gluckman, M.Tribalism in Modern British Central Africa’, Cahiers d’Études Africaines, 1/1 (1960), 5570.
Gluckman, M.Tribalism, Ruralism and Urbanism in South and Central Africa’, in Turner, V. W. (ed.), Colonialism in Africa 1870–1960. Part III: Profiles of Change (Cambridge, 1971), 127–66.
Gluckman, M., Mitchell, J. C., and Barnes, J. A., ‘The Village Headman in British Central Africa’, Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, 19/2 (1949), 89106.
Godelier, M. The Enigma of the Gift, tr. Scott, N. (Chicago, IL, 1999).
Goebel, J. Felony and Misdemeanor: a Study in the History of English Criminal Law (New York, 1937).
Goetz, H.-W., Jarnut, J., and Pohl, W. (eds.), Regna and Gentes: the Relationship between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World (Leiden, 2003).
Goffart, W.From Historiae to Historia Francorum and Back Again: Aspects of the Textual History of Gregory of Tours’, in Noble, Th. F. X. and Contreni, J. J. (eds.), Religion, Culture and Society in the Early Middle Ages: Studies in Honour of Richard Sullivan (Kalamazoo, MI, 1987), pp. 5576.
Goffart, W.The Narrators of Barbarian History: Jordanes, Gregory of Tours, Bede and Paul the Deacon (Princeton, NJ, 1988).
Goffart, W. Rome’s Fall and After (London, 1989).
Goody, J. The Development of Family and Marriage in Europe (Oxford, 1983).
Goody, J. The Expansive Moment: the Rise of Social Anthropology in Britain and Africa, 1918–1970 (Cambridge, 1995).
Grabowsky, A. ‘Streit um Formosus. Edition und Analyse der Streitschriften des Auxilius’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (2012).
Grafton, A. and Williams, M., Christianity and the Transformation of the Book: Origen, Eusebius and the library of Caesarea (Cambridge, MA, 2006).
Griffe, É. La Gaule chrétienne à l’époque romaine, vol. II (Paris, 1957).
Guerreau-Jalabert, A.La Parenté dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne: à propos d’une synthèse récente’, L’Homme, 29 (1989), 6993.
Guyotjeannin, O.Penuria scriptorum. Le mythe de l’anarchie documentaire dans la France du Nord (Xe-première moitié du XIe siècle)’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 155 (1997), 1144.
Haidu, P. The Subject Medieval/Modern: Text and Governance in the Middle Ages (Stanford, CA, 2004).
Haines-Eitzen, K. Guardians of Letters: Literacy, Power and the Transmitters of Early Christian Literature (Oxford, 2000).
Haines-Eitzen, K.The Social History of Early Christian Scribes’, in Ehrman, B. D. and Holmes, M. (eds.), The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Quaestionis (Leiden, 2013), pp. 479–95.
Halsall, G. Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West 376–568 (Cambridge, 2007).
Halsall, G.Childeric’s Grave, Clovis‘ Succession and the Origins of the Merovingian Kingdoms’, in Mathison, R. and Schanzer, D. (eds.), Society and Culture in Late Roman Gaul (Aldershot, 2001), pp. 116–33.
Halsall, G.Nero and Herod? The Death of Chilperic and Gregory’s Writing of the Histories’, in Mitchell, K. and Wood, I. (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours (Leiden, 2002), pp. 337–50.
Halsall, G.The Preface to Book V of Gregory of Tours’ Histories: Its Form, Context and Significance’, The English Historical Review, 122 (2007), 297317.
Halsall, G.Violence and Society in the Early Medieval West: an Introductory Survey’, in Halsall, G. (ed.), Violence and Society in the Early Medieval West (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 145.
Hamerow, H. Early Medieval Settlements: the Archaeology of Rural Communities in North-West Europe, 400–900 (Oxford, 2002).
Hanlon, G.Review-Article: The Decline of Violence in the West: From Cultural to Post-Cultural History’, English Historical Review, 128 (2013), 367400.
Hardh, B. and Larsson, L. (eds.), Central Places in the Migration and Merovingian Periods (Lund, 2002).
Harries, J. D.Constructing the Judge: Judicial Accountability and the Culture of Criticism in Late Antiquity’, in Miles, R. (ed.), Constructing Identities in Late Antiquity (London, 1999), pp. 214–33.
Harries, J. D.Courts and the Judicial System’, in Heszer, C. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine (Oxford, 2010), pp. 85101.
Harries, J. D.Creating Legal Space: Settling Disputes in the Roman Empire’, in Heszer, C. (ed.), Rabbinic Law in its Roman and Near Eastern Context (Tübingen, 2003), pp. 6381.
Harries, J. D. Law and Empire in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2004).
Harries, J. D.Resolving Disputes: the Frontiers of Law in Late Antiquity’, in Mathisen, R. E. (ed.), Law, Society and Authority in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2001), pp. 6882.
Harrington, D. J.The Reception of Walter Bauer’s “Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity” during the Last Decade’, Harvard Theological Review, 73 (1980), 289–98.
Head, T. Hagiography and the Cult of Saints: the Diocese of Orléans 800 – 1200 (Cambridge, 1990).
Head, T. and Landes, R. (eds.), The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in Aquitaine around the Year 1000 (Ithaca, NY, and London, 1992).
Heather, P. The Fall of Rome: a New History of Rome and the Barbarians (London, 2005).
Heidecker, K. The Divorce of Lothar II: Christian Marriage and Political Power in the Carolingian World, tr. Guest, T. M., Conjunctions of Religion and Power in the Medieval Past (Ithaca, NY, and London, 2010).
Heinzelmann, M. Bischofsherrschaft in Gallien, Zur Kontinuität römischer Führungsschichten vom 4. bis zum 7. Jahrhundert. Soziale, prosopographische und bildungsgeschichtliche Aspekte, Beihefte der Francia, 5 (Munich, 1976).
Heinzelmann, M.Grégoire de Tours ‘père de l’histoire de France’?’ in Bercé, Y.-M. and Ph. Contamine (eds.), Histoire de France, historiens de France (Paris, 1994), pp. 1945.
Heinzelmann, M. Gregor von Tours (538–594) ‘Zehn Bücher Geschichte’. Historiographie und Gesellschaftskonzept im 6 Jahrhundert (Darmstadt, 1994). (Eng. tr. Gregory of Tours: History and Society in the Sixth Century, tr. C. Caroll (Cambridge, 2001).)
Heinzelmann, M.La réécriture hagiographique dans l’œuvre de Grégoire de Tours’, in Heinzelmann, and Goullet, M. (eds.), La réécriture hagiographique dans l’ occident médieval: transformations formelles et idéologiques, Beihefte der Francia, 58 (Sigmaringen, 2003), pp. 1570.
Hermanowicz, E. T.Catholic Bishops and Appeals to the Imperial Court: a Legal Study of the Calama Riots in 408’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 12/4 (2004), 483523.
Hesse, H. The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica (Oxford, 2002).
Higham, N. J. The Kingdom of Northumbria: AD 350–1100 (Stroud, 1993).
Higham, N. J. (Re-) Reading Bede: the Ecclesiastical History in Context (London, 2006).
Higham, N. J. Ecgfrith: High-king of Britain (Donington, forthcoming).
Higham, N. J. and Ryan, M. J., The Anglo-Saxon World (London, 2013).
Hilchenbach, K. Das vierte Buch der Historien von Gregor von Tours: Edition mit sprachwissenschaftlich-textkritischem und historischem Kommentar, 2 vols. (Bern et al., 2009).
Hill, J. M. The Cultural World in Beowulf (Toronto, 1995).
Hillner, J.Clerics, Property, and Patronage: the Case of the Roman Titular Churches’, in Antiquité tardive, 14 (2006), 5968.
Hillner, J.Monastic Imprisonment in Justinian’s Novels’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 15 (2007), 205–37.
Hodges, R. The Anglo-Saxon Achievement (London, 1989).
Hofmann, J. ‘The Men Who Would be Kings: Challenges to Royal Authority in the Frankish Regna, c. 500–700’, unpublished PhD thesis, Queen’s College, University of Oxford (2008).
Hudson, J. G. H.Court Cases and Legal Arguments in England, c.1066–1166’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th ser., no. 10 (2000), 91115.
Hudson, J. G. H.Feud, Vengeance and Violence in England from the Tenth to the Twelfth Centuries’, in Tuten, B. S. and Billado, T. L. (eds.), Feud, Violence and Practice: Essays in Medieval Studies in Honor of Stephen D. White (Farnham, 2010), pp. 2953.
Humfress, C.Bishops and Lawcourts in Late Antiquity: How (Not) to Make Sense of the Legal Evidence’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 19/3 (2011), 375400.
Humfress, C. Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2007).
Hunter, D. G.The Significance of Ambrosiaster’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 17 (2009), 226.
Huntley, F. L.Macbeth and the Background of Jesuitical Equivocation’, Proceedings of the Modern Languages Association of America, 79 (1964), 390400.
Hyams, P. R.Afterword’, in Throop, S. A. and Hyams, P. R. (eds.), Vengeance in the Middle Ages: Emotion, Religion and Feud (Farnham, 2010), pp. 203–20.
Hyams, P. R.Feud and the State in Late Anglo-Saxon England’, Journal of British Studies, 40 (2001), 143.
Hyams, P. R.Feud in Medieval England’, Haskins Society Journal, 3 (1992), 121.
Hyams, P. R. Rancor and Reconciliation in Medieval England (Ithaca, NY, 2003).
Hyams, P. R.Trial by Ordeal: the Key to Proof in Early Common Law’, in Arnold, M. S. (ed.), On the Laws and Customs of England (Chapel Hill, 1981), pp. 90126.
Hyams, P. R.Was There Really Such a Thing as Feud in the High Middle Ages’, in Throop, S. A. and Hyams, , Vengeance in the Middle Ages: Emotion, Religion and Feud (Farnham, 2010), pp. 151–75.
Imbert, J.Indissolubilité du mariage a l’époque carolingienne’, Revue de Droit Canonique, 38 (1988), 4156.
Innes, M. State and Society in the Early Middle Ages: the Middle Rhine Valley, 400–1000 (Cambridge, 2000).
Jacobs, A. S.The Disorder of Books: Priscillian’s Canonical Defense of Apocrypha’, The Harvard Theological Review, 93/2 (2000), 135–59.
James, E. The Origins of France: From Clovis to the Capetians, 500–1000 (London, 1982).
Jarnut, J.Gregor von Tours, Frankengeschichte II, 12: Franci Egidium sibi regem adiscunt: Faktum oder Sage’, in Brunner, K. and Merta, B. (eds,), Ethnogenese und Überlieferung. Angewandte Methoden der Frühmittelalterforschung, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, 31 (Vienna, 1994), pp. 129–34.
Jasper, D. and Fuhrmann, H., Papal Letters in the Early Middle Ages (Washington, DC, 2001).
Jenal, G. Italia Ascetica atque Monastica, 2 vols. (Stuttgart, 1995).
Jenkins, T. The Life of Property: House, Family, and Inheritance in Béarn, South-West France (New York, 2010).
Jessen, H. Die Wirkungen der augustinischen Geschichtsphilosophie auf die Weltanschauung und Geschichtsschreibung Liudprands von Cremona (Bamberg, 1921).
John, E., Land Tenure in Early England: A Discussion of Some Problems (Leicester, 1960)
Johnson, A. P. and Schott, J. (eds.), Eusebius of Caesarea: Traditions and Innovations (Cambridge, MA, 2013).
Jones, A. H. M. Later Roman Empire 284–602: a Social, Economic and Administrative Survey (Oxford, 1973).
Jorge, A. M. C. M.The Lusitanian Episcopate in the 4th Century: Priscilian of Ávila and the Tensions Between Bishops’, e-journal of Portuguese History 4/2 (2006), available online at: brown.edu/Departments/Portuguese_Brazilian_Studies.
Joye, S. ‘Family Order and Kingship according to Hincmar’, in Stone, R. and West, C. (eds.), Hincmar of Rheims: Life and Works (Manchester, 2015), pp. 190221.
Judic, B.Le registre des lettres de Grégoire le Grand: une création carolingienne?’ in Desmulliez, J., Hoët-Van-Cauwenberghe, C., Jolivet, J. (eds.), L’étude des correspondances dans le monde romain de l’Antiquité classique à l’Antiquité tardive: permanences et mutations (Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2010), pp. 121.
Judic, B. ‘‘‘totius Europae speculator’’: la fondation d’une culture médiéval européene et la construction d’une auctoritas: la postérité de Grégoire le Grand dans la haut moyen âge latin’, unpublished PhD thesis, 2 vols., Université Lille (1999).
Jussen, B. Patenschaft und Adoption im frühen Mittelalter, Veröffentlichungen des Max Planck Instituts für Geschichte, 98 (Göttingen 1991), pp. 177–98.
Kaminsky, H.The Noble Feud in the Later Middle Ages’, Past & Present, 177 (2002), 5583.
Karras, R.The History of Marriage and the Myth of Friedelehe’, Early Medieval Europe 14 (2006), 119–51.
Kasten, B. Königssöhne und Königsherrschaft: Untersuchungen zur Teilhabe am Reich in der Merowinger– und Karolingerzeit, MGH Schriften 44 (Hannover, 1997).
Keefer, S. L.Ðonne se cirlisca man ordales weddigeð: the Anglo-Saxon Lay Ordeal’, in Baxter, S. et al. (eds.), Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald (Farnham, 2009), pp. 353–68.
Kershaw, P. J. E. Peaceful Kings: Peace, Power and the Early Medieval Political Imagination (Oxford, 2011).
Kéry, L. Canonical Collections of the Early Middle Ages, ca. 400–1140 (Washington, DC, 1999).
Kosto, A. J.The Convenientia in the Early Middle Ages’, Medieval Studies, 60 (1998), 154.
Koziol, G. Begging Pardon and Favor: Ritual and Political Order in Early Medieval France (Ithaca, NY, and London, 1992).
Koziol, G.Review Article: the Dangers of Polemic: Is Ritual Still an Interesting Topic of Historical Study?Early Medieval Europe, 11/4 (2002), 367–88.
Krautheimer, R.The Beginnings of Early Christian Architecture’, Review of Religion, 3 (1939), 127–48, reprinted in R. Krautheimer, Studies in Early Christian, Medieval, and Renaissance Art, ed. James S. Ackerman et al. (New York, 1969).
Krautheimer, R. Three Christian Capitals: Topography and Politics (Berkeley, CA, 1983).
Krutzler, G.Die Wahrnehmung der nichtfränkischen Völker in der fränkischen Historiographie’, in Pohl, W. and Heydemann, G. (eds.), Post-Roman Transitions: Christians and Barbarian Identities in the Early Medieval West (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 487547.
Kuefler, M.The Marriage Revolution in Late Antiquity: the Theodosian Code and Later Roman Marriage Law’, Journal of Family History, 32 (2007), 343–70.
Kulikowski, M.Barbarians in Gaul, Usurpers in Britain’, Britannia, 31 (2000), 325–45.
Kulikowski, M.Two Councils of Turin’, Journal of Theological Studies, 47/1 (1996), 159–68.
Kulikowski, M.Fronto, the Bishops, and the Crowd: Episcopal Justice and Communal Violence in Fifth-Century Tarraconensis’, Early Medieval Europe, 11/4 (2002), 295320.
Kuper, A. Anthropology and Anthropologists: The Modern British School (London, 1973; 3rd edn., 1996).
Kuper, A.Gluckman’s Village Headman’, American Anthropologist, 72/2 (1970), 355–8.
Kuper, A. The Invention of Primitive Society: Transformations of an Illusion (London, 1988).
Kurze, W.Lo storico e i fondi diplomatici medievali. Problemi di metodo – Analisi storiche’, in Kurze, W., Monasteri e nobiltà nel senese e nella Toscana medievale. Studi diplomatici, archeologici, genealogici, giuridici e sociali (Siena, 1989), pp. 122.
Laeuchli, S. Power and Sexuality: the Emergence of Canon Law at the Synod of Elvira (Philadelphia, PA, 1972).
Lambert, T. B.The Evolution of Sanctuary in Medieval England’, in Dresch, P. and Skoda, H. (eds.), Legalism: Anthropology and History (Oxford, 2012), pp. 115–44.
Lambert, T. B.Introduction: Some Approaches to Peace and Protection in the Middle Ages’, in Lambert, T. B. and Rollason, D. (eds.), Peace and Protection in the Middle Ages, Durham Medieval and Renaissance Monographs and Essays, 1 (Durham, 2009), pp. 116.
Landau, P.Die Breviatio canonum des Ferrandus in der Geschichte des kanonischen Rechts. Zugleich nochmals zur Benutzung der Dionysiana bei Gratian’, in Zapp, H., Weiß, A., and Korta, S. (eds.), Ius canonicum in Oriente et Occidente, Adnotationes in ius canonicum, 25 (Frankfurt am Main, 2003), pp. 297309.
Lauranson-Rosaz, C.Peace from the Mountains: the Auvergnat Origins of the Peace of God’, in Head, and Landes, (eds.), The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France around the Year 1000 (Ithaca, NY, 1992), pp. 104–34.
Le Goff, J. L’Imaginaire medieval (Paris, 1985).
Lehmann, P.Mittelalterliche Beinahmen und Ehrentitel’, Historisches Jahrbuch, 49 (1929), 215–39.
Le Jan, R. Famille et pouvoir dans le monde franc (viie-xe siècle). Essai d’anthropologie sociale (Paris, 1995).
Le Jan, R.Introduction’, in Les transferts patrimoniaux en Europe occidentale, VIIIe-Xe siècle, I, Mélanges de l’École Française de Rome. Moyen Âge, 111/2 (1999), 489–97.
Lévi-Strauss, C. Les structures élémentaires de la parenté (Paris, 1949), Eng. tr. 1969.
Leys, R.How Did Fear Become a Scientific Object and What Kind of Object is It?’, Representations, 110 (2010), 66104. See also M. Sahlins, The Use and Abuse of Biology: an Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology (Ann Arbor, MI, 1976).
Leys, R.The Turn to Affect: a Critique’, Critical Inquiry, 37 (2011), 434–72.
Leyser, C.Augustine in the Latin West, 430-c. 900’, in Vessey, Mark (ed.), A Companion to Augustine, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World (Oxford, 2012), pp. 450–64.
Leyser, C. Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great (Oxford, 2000).
Leyser, C.Charisma in the Archives: Roman Monasteries and the Memory of Gregory the Great, c. 870 – c. 940’, in Pohl, W. and de Rubeis, F. (eds.), Le scritture dai monasteri, II Seminario internazionale di studio ‘I monasteri nell’alto medioevo (Rome, 2003), pp. 207–26.
Leyser, C.“A church in the house of the saints”: Property and Power in the Passion of John and Paul’, in Cooper, K. and Hillner, J. (eds.), Religion, Dynasty, and Patronage in Early Christian Rome, 300–900 (Cambridge, 2007), pp. 140–62.
Leyser, C.Divine power flowed from this book: Ascetic Language and Episcopal Authority in Gregory of Tours’ Life of the Fathers’, in Mitchell, K. and Wood, I. N. (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours (Leiden, 2002), pp. 281–94.
Leyser, C.Episcopal Office in the Italy of Liudprand of Cremona, c. 890-c.970’, English Historical Review, 125 (2010), 795817.
Leyser, C.From Maternal Kin to Jesus as Mother: Royal Genealogy and Marian Devotion in the Ninth-Century West’, in Leyser, C. and Smith, L. (eds.), Motherhood, Religion, and Society in Medieval Europe, 400–1400 (Farnham, 2011), pp. 2139.
Leyser, C.Late Antiquity in the Medieval West’, in Rousseau, P. (ed.), A Companion to Late Antiquity, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World (Oxford, 2009), pp. 2942.
Leyser, C.The Memory of Pope Gregory the Great in the Ninth Century: a Redating of the Interpolator’s Vita Gregorii (BHL 3640)’, in Santo, F. (ed.), Gregorio magno e le origini dell’ Europa, Atti del convegno internazionale, Firenze, 13–17 maggio 2006 (Florence, 2014), pp. 5164.
Leyser, K. J.The Ascent of Latin Europe’ in Leyser, K. J., Communications and Power in the Early Middle Ages, 2 vols., ed. Reuter, T. (London, 1994), I, pp. 215–32.
Leyser, K. J.Ends and Means in Liudprand of Cremona’, in Leyser, , Communications and Power I, pp. 125–42.
Leyser, K. J. Rule and Conflict in an Early Medieval Society: Ottonian Saxony (London, 1979).
Liebeschuetz, W.The Birth of Late Antiquity’, Antiquitè Tardive, 12 (2004), 253–61.
Lindemans, S.Auxilius et le manuscrit Vallicellian Tomus XVIII’, Revue d’histoire écclesiastique, lvii (1962), 470–84.
Little, L. K. Benedictine Maledictions: Liturgical Cursing in Romanesque France (Ithaca, NY, and London, 1993).
Lohrmann, D., Das Register Papst Johannes’ VIII (Tübingen, 1968).
Loseby, S.Marseille: A late antique success story’, Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992), 165–85
Luijendijk, A. Greetings in the Lord: Early Christians and the Oxyrhynchus Papyri (Cambridge, MA, 2008).
MacDonald, M. Y. Early Christian Women and Pagan Opinion: the Power of the Hysterical Woman (Cambridge, 1996).
McKitterick, R.Perceptions of Justice in Western Europe in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries’, in La giustizia nell’alto medioevo (secoli IX-XI), Settimane di studio del CISAM 44 (Spoleto, 1997), pp. 1075–102.
MacMullen, R. Corruption and the Decline of Rome (New Haven, CT, 1988).
Macy, G. The Hidden History of Women’s Ordination (Oxford, 2008).
Madigan, K. and Osiek, C. (eds.), Ordained Women in the Early Church: a Documentary History (Baltimore, MD, 2005).
Magnou-Nortier, E.Note sur l’expression “iustitiam facere” dans les capitulaires carolingiens’, in Lepelley, C. et al. (eds.), Haut moyen age: culture, éducation et société. Études offerts à Pierre Riché (Paris, 1990), pp. 249–64.
Manaresi, C.Della non esistenza di processi apparenti nel territorio del Regno’, Rivista di storia del diritto italiano, 23 (1950), 179217; 24 (1951), 7–45.
Markus, R. A. Bede and the Traditions of Ecclesiastical History (Jarrow, 1975).
Markus, R. A. Gregory the Great and his World (Cambridge, 1997).
Markus, R. A.Gregory the Great’s Europe’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser. 31 (1981), 2136.
Markus, R. A.Gregory the Great’s Rector and his Genesis’, in Fontaine, J., Gillet, R., and Pellistrandi, S. (eds.), Grégoire le Grand, Colloques internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre culturel les Fontaines, 15–19 septembre 1982 (Paris, 1986), pp. 137–46.
Markus, R. A.The Problem of Self-Definition: From Sect to Church’, in Sanders, E. P. (ed.), Jewish and Christian Self-Definition. Vol. 1: The Shaping of Christianity in the Second and Third Centuries (Philadelphia, PA, 1980), pp. 115.
Marrocchi, M.Scritture documentarie e librarie per la storia di S. Salvatore al Monte Amiata (secc. XI-XIII)’, Quellen und Forschungen aus Italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken, 88 (2008), 3460.
Mason, E.Rocamadour in Quercy above all other churches’: the Healing of Henry II’, in Sheils, W. J. (ed.), The Church and Healing, Studies in Church History, 19 (Oxford, 1982), pp. 3954.
Mathisen, R. W. Ecclesiastical Factionalism and Religious Controversy in Fifth-Century Gaul (Washington, DC, 1989).
Matthews, J. Western Aristocracies and Imperial Court, 360–425 (Oxford, 1975).
Mayr-Harting, H. M. R. EFunctions of a Twelfth-Century Recluse’, History, 60 (1975), 337–52.
Mayr-Harting, H. M. R. ETwo Conversions to Christianity: the Bulgarians and the Anglo-Saxons’, The Stenton Lecture 1993 (Reading, 1994).
McClure, J.Bede’s Old Testament Kings’, in Wormald, P. with Bullough, D. and Collins, R. (eds.), Ideal and Reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Society: Studies Presented to J. M. Wallace-Hadrill (Oxford, 1983), pp. 7698.
McLynn, N. B. Ambrose of Milan: Church and Court in a Christian Capital (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, 1994).
Meens, R.In the Mirror of Eusebius: the Episcopal Identity of Atto of Vercelli’, both in Corradini, R., Gillis, M., McKitterick, R., and van Renswoude, I. (eds.), Ego-Trouble: Authors and their Identities in the Early Middle Ages (Vienna, 2010), pp. 243–48.
Mengozzi, G. Ricerche sull’attività della scuola di Pavia nell’alto Medio Evo (Pavia, 1924).
Merdinger, J. E. Rome and the African Church in the Time of Augustine (London, 1997).
Metzger, B. M. The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance (Oxford, 1997).
Meyvaert, P.Le “Libellus responsionum” à Augustin de Cantorbéry: une oeuvre authentique de Saint Grégoire le Grand’, in Fontaine, J., Gillet, R., and Pellistrandi, S. (eds.), Grégoire le Grand, Colloques internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre culturel les Fontaines, 15–19 septembre 1982 (Paris, 1986), pp. 543–50.
Millar, F. The Emperor in the Roman World (31 BC-AD 337) (London, 1977).
Miller, W. I. Bloodtaking and Peacemaking: Feud, Law, and Society in Saga Iceland (Chicago, IL, 1990).
Miller, W. I.Choosing the Avenger: Some Aspects of the Bloodfeud in Medieval Iceland and England’, Law and History Review, 1 (1983), 159204.
Miller, W. I. Eye for an Eye (New York, 2006).
Miller, W. I.Getting a Fix on Violence’, in Miller (ed.), Humiliation and Other Essays on Honor, Social Discomfort, and Violence (Ithaca, NY, 1993), pp. 5392.
Momigliano, A.Christianity and the Decline of Empire’, in Momigliano, (ed.), The Conflict between Paganism and Christianity in the Fourth Century (Oxford, 1963), pp. 116.
Mommsen, T.Die Papstbriefe bei Beda’, Neues Archiv, 17 (1892), 387–96.
Mordek, H. Kirchenrecht und Reform im Frankenreich. Die collectio Vetus Gallica, die älteste systematische Kanonensammlung des Fränkischen Gallien. Studien und Edition, Beiträge zur Geschichte und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters, 1 (Berlin and New York, 1975).
Moore, R.I.Les albigeois d’après les chroniques angevines’, La croisade albigeoise. Colloque de Carcassonne CEC octobre 2002 (Carcassonne, 2004), pp. 8190.
Moore, R.I.Family, Community and Cult on the Eve of the Gregorian Reform’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., no. 30 (1980), 4979.
Moore, R.I. The First European Revolution, c. 970 – 1215 (Oxford, 2000).
Moore, R.I.Heresy as Politics and the Politics of Heresy, 1022–1180’, in Karras, R. Mazo, Kaye, J., and Matter, E. A. (eds.), Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe (Philadelphia, PA, 2008), pp. 3346.
Moore, R.I.Medieval Europe in World History’, in Lansing, C. and English, E. (eds.), A Companion to the Medieval World (Chichester, 2009), pp. 563–80.
Moore, R.I.Popular Heresy and Popular Violence, 1022–1179’, in Sheils, W. J. (ed.), Toleration and Persecution, Studies in Church History, 21 (Oxford, 1984), pp. 4350.
Moore, R.I.Ranulf Flambard and Christina of Markyate’, in Gameson, R. and Leyser, H. (eds.), Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages: Studies presented to Henry Mayr-Harting (Oxford, 2001), pp. 231–5.
Moore, R.I. The War on Heresy: Faith and Power in Medieval Europe (London, 2012).
Moore, S. F.Legal Liability and Evolutionary Interpretation: Some Aspects of Strict Liability, Self-Help and Collective Responsibility’, in Gluckman, M. (ed.), The Allocation of Responsibility (Manchester, 1972), pp. 51107.
Mor, C. Una piccola collezione di testi gregoriani del secolo VIII, in Etudes d’histoire du droit canonique dédieés à Gabriel Le Bras, 2 vols (Paris 1965), pp. 283–91.
Moreira, I. Dreams, Visions, and Spiritual Authority in Merovingian Gaul (Ithaca, NY, 2000).
Morris, C.Judicium Dei: the Social and Political Significance of the Ordeal in the Eleventh Century’, in Baker, D. (ed.), Church Society and Politics, Studies in Church History, 12 (Oxford, 1973), pp. 95111.
Mostert, M.Forgery and Trust’, in Schulta, P. et al. (eds.), Strategies of Writing (Turnhout, 2008), pp. 3559.
Mottahedeh, R. Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society, rev. edn. (London, 2001).
Mousourakis, G. The Historical and Institutional Context of Roman Law (Aldershot, 2003).
Muir, E. Ritual in Early Modern Europe, 2nd edn. (Cambridge, 2005).
Munier, C.L’échec du mariage dans l’église ancienne’, Revue de droit canonique, 38 (1988), 2640.
Munier, C.La tradition littéraire des canons africains (345–525)’, Recherches Augustiniennes, 10 (1975), 122.
Murray, A. C.Chronology and Composition of the Histories of Gregory of Tours’, Journal of Late Antiquity, 1 (2008), 157–74.
Murray, A. C. (ed.) Companion to Gregory of Tours (Leiden, forthcoming).
Nadel, S. F. The Nuba (London, 1948).
Nader, L. Harmony Ideology: Justice and Control in a Zapotec Mountain Village (Stanford, CA, 1990).
Nathan, G. S. The Family in Late Antiquity: the Rise of Christianity and the Endurance of Tradition (London and New York, 2000).
Nautin, P.Le canon du concile d’Arles de 314 sur le remariage après divorce’, Recherches de Science Religieuse, 61 (1973), 353–62.
Nautin, P.Divorce et remariage dans la tradition de l’Église latine’, Recherches de Science Religieuse, 62 (1974), 754.
Nelson, B. A.Complexity, Hierarchy, and Scale: a Controlled Comparison between Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, and la Quemada, Zacatecas’, American Antiquity, 60/ 4 (1995), 597618.
Nelson, J. L.Dispute Settlement in Carolingian West Francia’, in Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1986), pp. 4564.
Nelson, J. L.Introduction’, in Davies, W., , W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Languages of Gift in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 117.
Nelson, J. L. Review of The Peace of God, ed. Head, T., Landes, R. (1992), Speculum, 60 (1994), 163–9.
Netterstrøm, J. B. and Poulson, B. (eds.), Feud in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Aarhus, 2007), pp. 967.
Nicolaj, G.Formulari e nuovo formalismo nei processi del Regnum Italiae’, in La giustizia nell’alto medioevo (secoli IX-XI), Settimane di studio del CISAM XLIV (Spoleto, 1997), pp. 347–79.
Olsen, G.Bede as Historian: The Evidence from his Observations on the Life of the First Christian Community at Jerusalem’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 33 (1982), 519–30.
Oosthuizen, S.Medieval Field Systems and Settlement Nucleation: Common or Separate Origins?’ both in Higham, N. J. and Ryan, M. J. (eds.), The Landscape Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2010), pp. 107–31.
Pagels, E. The Gnostic Gospels (New York, 1979).
Palanque, J. R.Les dissensions des Églises des Gaules à la fin du IVe siècle et la date du concile du Turin’, Revue d’Histoire de l’Église, 21 (1934), 481501.
Patzold, S. Episcopus. Wissen über Bischöfe im Frankenreich des späten 8. bis frühen 10. Jahrhunderts (Ostfildern, 2008).
Patzold, S.Zur Sozialstruktur des Episkopats und zur Ausbildung bischöflicher Herrschaft in Gallien zwischen Spätantike und Frühmittelalter’, in Becher, M. and Dick, S. (eds.), Völker, Reiche und Namen im frühen Mittelalter, Festschrift für Jörg Jarnut (München, 2010), pp. 121–40.
Pegg, M. The Corruption of Angels: The Great Inquisition of 1245–6 (Princeton, NJ, 2001).
Pestell, T. and Ulmschneider, K. (eds.), Markets in Medieval Europe: Trading and Productive Sites, 650–850 (Macclesfield, 2003).
Peters, L. E.Some Structural Aspects of the Feud among the Camel-Herding Bedouin of Cyrenaica’, Africa, 37 (1967), 261–82.
Petracco Sicardi, G. (ed.), ‘Indicazioni etniche germaniche nelle carte altomedievali piacentine’, Archivio storico per le provincie parmensi, 4a ser., 27 (1975), 139–74.
Pietri, L.Évergétisme chrétien et fondations privées dans l’italie de l’antiquité tardive’, in Carrié, J.-M. and Lizzi Testa, R. (eds.), “Humana sapit”: Études d’antiquité tardive offertes à Lellia Cracco Ruggini (Turnhout, 2002), pp.253–63.
Pinker, S. The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence has Declined (New York, 2011).
Pirenne, H. Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade, tr. Halsey, F. D. (Princeton, 1925).
Pirenne, H. Mohammed and Charlemagne, tr. Miall, B. (New York, 1939).
Pitz, E. Papstreskripte im frühen Mittelalter: Diplomatische und rechtsgeschichtliche Studien zum Brief-Corpus Gregors den Groβen (Sigmaringen, 1990).
Pivano, C. Stato e chiesa da Berengario I ad Arduino, 888 – 1015 (Turin, 1908).
Pohl, W.Gregory of Tours and Contemporary Perceptions of Lombard Italy’, in Wood, I. N. and Mitchell, K. (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours (Leiden, Boston and Köln, 2002), pp. 131–44.
Pohl, W. ‘Introduction. Strategies of Identification. A Methodological ‘Profile’, in Pohl, and Heydemann, G. (eds.), Strategies of identification. Ethnicity and Religion in Early Medieval Europe (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 164.
Pohl, W.Staat und Herrschaft im Frühmittelalter: Überlegungen zum Forschungstand’, in Airlie, S., Pohl, W., and Reimitz, H. (eds.), Staat im frühen Mittelalter (Vienna, 2006), pp. 938.
Sir Pollock, F. and Maitland, F. W., The History of English Law Before the Time of Edward I, 2nd edn. (1898; rpt. Cambridge, 1968).
Poly, J. P. and Bournazel, E., La mutation de l’an mil (Paris, 1980), tr. Higgett, C., The Feudal Transformation, 900 – 1200 (New York, 1991).
Prévité-Orton, C. W. The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, 2 vols., 1st edn. (Cambridge, 1952).
Raine, J. (ed.), The Priory of Durham 2 vols (London, 1864).
Rayner, J. D. Jewish Religious Law: a Progressive Perspective, Progressive Judaism Today, 3 (New York and Oxford, 1998).
Reimitz, H.Contradictory Stereotypes: “Barbarian” and “Roman” Rulers and the Shaping of Merovingian Kingship’, in Panou, N. and Schadee, H. (eds.), Evil Lords: Theory and Representations from Antiquity to the Renaissance (Oxford, forthcoming).
Reimitz, H.Cultural Brokers of a Common Past: History, Identity and Ethnicity in the Merovingian Kingdoms’, in Pohl, W. and Heydemann, G. (eds.), Strategies of Identification: Early Medieval Perspectives (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 257302.
Reimitz, H. History, Frankish Identity and the Framing of Western Ethnicity, AD 550–850 (Cambridge, 2015).
Reimitz, H.Omnes Franci und viri inlustres. Zur Gestaltung der feinen Unterschiede in den diplomatischen und historiographischen Quellen der frühen Karolingerzeit’, in Egger, C. and Schwarcz, A. (eds.), Urkunden – Schriften – Lebensordnungen. Neue Beiträge zur Mediävistik. Festschrift zum 100. Geburtstag von Heinrich Fichtenau (forthcoming).
Reimitz, H.The Providential Past: Visions of Frankish Identity in the Transmission of Gregory of Tours’ Historiae’, in Pohl, W., Gantner, C., and Payne, Richard (eds.), Visions of Community: Ethnicity, Religion and Power in the Early Medieval West, Byzantium and the Islamic World (Farnham, 2012), pp. 109–36.
Renard, É.Le Pactus legis Salicae, reglement militaire romain ou code de lois compilé sous Clovis?’, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, 167 (2009), pp. 321–52.
Reuter, T.Debate: The “Feudal Revolution”’, Past & Present, 155 (1997), 176–95.
Reynolds, A. Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs (Oxford, 2009).
Reynolds, P. L. Marriage in the Western Church: the Christianization of Marriage during the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae. Texts and Studies of Early Christian Life and Language, 24 (Leyden, New York, and Cologne, 1994).
Reynolds, R.Tenth– and Eleventh-Century Collections in Italy’, in Hartmann, W. and Pennington, K. (eds.), The History of Western Canon Law to 1000 (Washington, DC, in preparation).
Reynolds, S. Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe, 900–1300 (Oxford, 1984).
Rider, C. Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 2006).
Rippon, S.Landscape Change during the “Long Eighth Century” in Southern England’, in Higham, N. J. and Ryan, M. J. (eds.), The Landscape Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2010), pp. 3964.
Rippon, S. The Life of Bishop Wilfrid by Eddius Stephanus, ed. and tr. Colgrave, B. (Cambridge, 1927).
Rives, J. B.Magic in Roman Law: the Reconstruction of a Crime’, Classical Antiquity, 22/2 (2003), 313–39.
Roberts, S. Order and Dispute: an Introduction to Legal Anthropology (Harmondsworth, 1979).
Roberts, S.The Study of Dispute: Anthropological Perspectives’, in Bossy, J. (ed.), Disputes and Settlements: Law and Human Relations in the West (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 124.
Robinson, T. A. ‘The Bauer Thesis Examined: the Geography of Heresy in the Early Christian Church (Lewiston, NY, 1988).
Rocacher, J. Rocamadour et son pèlerinage. Étude historique et archéologique (Toulouse, 1979).
Roche, T.The Way Vengeance Comes: Rancorous Deeds and Words in the World of Orderic Vitalis’, in Throop, S. A. and Hyams, P. R. (eds.), Vengeance in the Middle Ages: Emotion, Religion and Feud (Farnham, 2010), pp. 115–36.
Rollason, D. Northumbria, 500–1100: Creation and Destruction of a Kingdom (Cambridge, 2003).
Rosaldo, R. Ilongot Headhunting, 1883–1974: a Study in Society and History (Stanford, CA, 1980).
Rosenthal, J. T.Marriage and the Blood Feud in “Heroic” Europe’, British Journal of Sociology, 17 (1966), 133–44.
Rosenwein, B. H.Les émotions de la vengeance’, in Barthélemy, D., Bougard, F., and Le Jan, R. (eds.), La vengeance, 400–1000, Collection de l’école française de Rome, 357 (Rome, 2006), pp. 237–57.
Rosenwein, B. H.Francia and Polynesia: Rethinking Anthropological Approaches’, in Algazi, G., Groebner, V., and Jussen, B. (eds.), Negotiating the Gift: Pre-modern Figurations of Exchange (Göttingen, 1991), pp. 361–79.
Rouche, M. L’Aquitaine des Wisigoths aux Arabes, 418–781. Naissance d’une region (Paris, 1979).
Rousseau, P. Pachomius: the Making of a Community in Fourth-Century Egypt (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, 1985), 36.
Rowlands, M. J.Centre and Periphery: a Review of a Concept’, in Rowlands, M., Larsen, M., and Kristiansen, K. (eds.), Centre and Periphery in the Ancient World (Cambridge, 1987), pp. 219–42.
Rubin, M. (ed.), The Work of Jacques le Goff and the Challenges of Medieval History (Woodbridge, 1997).
Rudé, G.The Gordon Riots: a Study of the Rioters and their Victims’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., no. 6 (1956), 93114.
Ruff, J. R. Violence in Early Modern Europe, 1500–1800 (Cambridge, 2001).
Ryan, J.Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida and Auxilius: the ‘Anonymous Adversary of Liber I Adversus Simoniacos’, Mediaeval Studies, 13 (1951), 218–23.
Ryan, M. J.Archbishop Ecgberht and his Dialogus’, in Rumble, A. (ed.), Leaders of the Anglo-Saxon Church from Bede to Stigand, Pubns. of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies (Woodbridge, 2012), pp. 4160.
Saar, S. C. Ehe – Scheidung – Wiederheirat, Ius vivens: Abt. B, rechtsgeschichtliche Abhandlungen, 6 (Münster u.a., 2002).
Sabean, D. W., Teuscher, S., Mathieu, J. (eds.), Kinship in Europe: Approaches to Long-Term Development (1300–1900) (New York, 2007).
Sawyer, P. (ed.), English Medieval Settlement (London, 1979)
Sawyer, P.The Bloodfeud in Fact and Fiction’, Acta Jutlandica: Skrifter fra Aarhus Universitet, 63 (1987), 2738.
Scheibelreiter, G. Die barbarische Gesellschaft. Mentalitätsgeschichte der europäischen Achsenzeit, 5. – 8. Jahrhundert (Darmstadt, 1999).
Scheil, A. The Footsteps of Israel: Understanding Jews in Anglo-Saxon England (Ann Arbor, MI, 2004).
Schneider, H.Die Kanonisten und Gregor der Grosse. Von der Collectio Vetus Gallica bis zur Anselmo dedicata’, in Santo, F. (ed.), Gregorio magno e le origini dell’ Europa, Atti del convegno internazionale, Firenze, 13–17 maggio 2006 (Florence, 2014), pp. 551–76.
Scholz, S.Das Papsttum, Roms wirtschaftliche Lage und die Enteignung der päpstlichen Patrimonien in der Mitte des 8. Jahrhunderts’, in Weinfurter, S. (ed.), Päpstliche Herrschaft im Mittelalter. Funktionen-Strategien-Darstellunsformen (Ostfildern, 2012), pp. 1125.
Scholz, S. Transmigration und Translation: Studien zum Bistumswechsel der Bischöfe von der Spätantike bis zum Hohen Mittelalter (Cologne, 1992).
Schumaker, L. Africanizing Anthropology: Fieldwork, Networks, and the Making of Cultural Knowledge in Central Africa (Durham, NC, 2001).
Sennis, A. The Power of Time. Looking at the Past in Medieval Monasteries’, in Müller, A. and Stöber, K. (eds), Self-Representation of Medieval Religious Communities. The British Isles in context (Berlin, 2009), pp. 307325.
Sennis, A.“Omnia tollit aetas et cuncta tollit oblivio”. Ricordi smarriti e memorie costruite nei monasteri altomedievali’, Bullettino dell ‘Instituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 106 (2004), 93135.
Sessa, K.Domus Ecclesiae: Rethinking a Category Of Ante-Pacem Christian Space’, Journal of Theological Studies, N.S. 60 (2009), 90108.
Sigal, P. A. L’homme et le miracle dans la France médiévale (Paris, 1985).
Simmel, G.The Sociology of Conflict: I’, American Journal of Sociology, 9 (1903), 490515.
Sinatti d’Amico, F.L’applicazione dell’Edictum in Tuscia’, Atti del V°Congresso internazionale di studi sull’alto medioevo (Spoleto, 1973), pp.745–81.
Smail, D. L.Common Violence: Vengeance and Inquisition in Fourteenth-Century Marseille’, Past & Present, 151 (1996), 2859.
Smail, D. L.Factions and Vengeance in Renaissance Italy. A Review Article’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 38 (1996), 781–9.
Smail, D. L. On Deep History and the Brain (Berkeley, CA, 2008).
Smith, J. Europe After Rome: A New Cultural History, 500–1000 (Oxford, 2005).
Snyder, G. F. Ante Pacem: Archaeological Evidence of Church Life Before Constantine (Macon, GA, 2003).
Sommar, M. ‘The Changing Role of the Bishop in Society: Episcopal Translation in the Middle Ages’, unpublished PhD thesis, Syracuse University (1998).
Sommar, M.Pragmatic Application of Proto-Canon Law: Episcopal Translation’, in Hall, L. J. (ed.), Confrontation in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2003), pp. 89101.
Southern, R. W.The Sense of the Past’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser. 23 (1973), 243–63.
Southern, R. W.The Shape and Substance of Academic History: An Inaugural Lecture delivered before the University of Oxford, 2 November 1961’, in Bartlett, R. (ed.), History and Historians: the Selected Papers of R. W. Southern (Oxford, 2004), pp. 87119.
Spiegel, G.Review: P. Buc, The Dangers of Ritual’ (Princeton, NJ, 2001), American Historical Review, 108/1 (2003), 148–9.
Stancliffe, C. Bede and the Britons (Whithorn, 2007).
Stancliffe, C.Oswald “most holy and most victorious king of the Northumbrians”’, in Stancliffe, C. and Cambridge, E. (eds.), Oswald: Northern King to European Saint (Stamford, 1995), pp. 3383.
Stansbury, M.Source-marks in Bede’s Biblical Commentaries’, in Hawkes, J. and Mills, S. (eds.), Northumbria’s Golden Age (Stroud, 1999), pp. 383–9.
Stark, R. The Rise of Christianity: a Sociologist Re-considers History (Princeton, NJ, 1996).
Stock, B. The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Princeton, NJ, 1983).
Stoops, R. F. Jr.If I Suffer … Epistolary Authority in Ignatius of Antioch’, Harvard Theological Review, 80 (1987), 161–78.
Strathern, M. Reproducing the Future: Essays on Anthropology, Kinship, and the New Reproductive Technologies (Manchester, 1992).
Szerwiniack, O.L’Histoire ecclésiastique ou le rêve d’un retour au temps de l’innocence’, in Lebecq, S., Perrin, M., and Szerwiniack, O. (eds.), Bède le Vénérable entre Tradition et Postérité, Histoire de l’Europe de Nord-Ouest 34 (Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2005), pp. 159–76.
Thacker, A.Bede’s Idea of Reform’, in Wormald, P., Bullough, D., and Collins, R. (eds.), Ideal and Reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Society: Studies presented to J. M. Wallace-Hadrill (Oxford, 1983), pp. 130–53.
Thacker, A.Bede, the Britons and the Book of Samuel’, in Baxter, S. et al. (eds.), Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald (Farnham, 2009), pp. 129–47.
Thomas, K.History and Anthropology’, Past & Present, 24 (1963), 324.
Thomas, Y.Fathers as Citizens of Rome, Rome as a City of Fathers (second century BC – second century AD)’, in Burguière, A. et al. (eds.); English tr., A History of the Family, Pt 1: Distant Worlds, Ancient Worlds (Cambridge, MA, 1996), pp. 228–69.
Thompson, C. Making Parents: the Ontological Choreography of Reproductive Technologies (Cambridge, MA, 2005).
Thompson, E. P.The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the 18th Century’, Past & Present, 50 (1971), 76136.
Toubert, P.La théorie du mariage chez les moralistes Carolingiens’, in Il matrimonio nella società altomedievale, Settimane di studio del CISAM (Spoleto, 1977), pp. 233–86.
Treggiari, S. Roman Marriage: Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian (Oxford, 1991).
Turner, V. W.An Anthropological Approach to the Icelandic Saga’, in The Translation of Culture: Essays to E.E. Evans-Pritchard (London, 1971), pp. 349–74.
Ubl, K. Inzestverbot und Gesetzgebung: Die Konstruktion eines Verbrechens (300–1100) (Berlin, 2008).
Ubl, K.L‘origine contestée de la loi salique: une mise au point’, Revue de l‘ Institut français d’histoire en Allemagne, 1 (2009), pp. 208–34.
Uhalde, K. Expectations of Justice in the Age of Augustine (Philadelphia, 2007).
Van Binsbergen, W. M. J.The Unit of Study and the Interpretation of Ethnicity’, Journal of Southern African Studies, 8/1 (1981), 5181.
van Doren, J. ‘The Divorce of Lothar II (860), and the Resignation of Eboo of Rheims (835) compared’, unpublished paper.
Van Dam, R. Remembering Constantine at the Milvian Bridge (Cambridge, 2011).
van Renswoude, I.The Sincerity of Fiction: Rather and the Quest for Self-Knowledge’, in Corradini, R., Gillis, M., McKitterick, R., and van Renswoude, I. (eds.), Ego-Trouble: Authors and their Identities in the Early Middle Ages (Vienna, 2010), pp. 227–42.
Vauchez, A. Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2005).
Verhulst, A. The Rise of Cities in North-West Europe (Cambridge, 1999).
Vermeesch, A. Essai sur les origines et la signification de la commune dans le Nord de la France (xie. et xiie. siècles) (Heule, 1966).
Vessey, M.The Demise of the Christian Writer and the Remaking of “Late Antiquity”: From H.-I. Marrou’s St Augustine (1938) to Peter Brown’s Holy Man (1983)’, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 6 (1998), 377–41.
Vincent, J. Anthropology and Politics: Visions, Traditions, and Trends (Tucson, AZ, 1990).
Violante, C.I laici nell movimento patarino’, I laici nella ‘societas christiana’ dei secoli xi e xii, Pubblicazioni dell’Universitá cattolica dell Sacro Cuore, Miscellanea del Centro di studi medievali V (Milan, 1968), pp. 597687.
Vollrath-Reichelt, H. Königsgedanke und Königtum bei den Angelsachsen (Köln, 1971).
Vollrath-Reichelt, H. Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People: a Historical Commentary (Oxford, 1988).
Vollrath-Reichelt, H.The Bloodfeud of the Franks’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library of Manchester, 41 (1959), 459–87; rpt. in Wallace-Hadrill, The Long-Haired Kings and Other Studies in Frankish History (London, 1962), pp. 121–47.
Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. Early Germanic Kingship in England and on the Continent (Oxford, 1971).
Ward, B. Miracles and the Medieval Mind (London, 1982).
Ward-Perkins, B. ‘The Decline and Fall Industry’, Standpoint, September 2009.
Ward-Perkins, B. The Fall of Rome, and the End of Civilization (Oxford, 2005).
Wasselynck, R.Les compilations des “Moralia in Job” du VIIe au XIIe siècle’, Recherches de Théologie ancienne et médiévale, 29 (1962), 532.
Watts, E. J. Riot in Alexandria: Tradition and Group Dynamics in Late Antique Pagan and Christian Communities (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, 2010).
Weidemann, M.Zur Chronologie der Merowinger im 6. Jahrhundert’, Francia, 10 (1982), 471513.
Weiner, A. Inalienable Possessions: the Paradox of Keeping-While-Giving (Berkeley, CA, 1992).
Werbner, R. P.The Manchester School in South-Central Africa’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 13 (1984), 157–85.
West, C. Reframing the Feudal Revolution: Political and Social Transformation Between Marne and Moselle, c.800-c.1100 (Cambridge, 2013).
Westguard, J. A.Bede and the Continent in the Carolingian Age and Beyond’, in DeGregorio, S. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bede (Cambridge, 2010), pp.201–15.
Whatley, G.The Uses of Hagiography. The Legend of Pope Gregory and the Emperor Trajan in the Middle Ages’, Viator, 15 (1984), 2563.
White, S. D.Clotild’s Revenge: Politics, Kinship and Ideology in the Merovingian Blood Feud’, in Cohn, S. K. and Epstein, S. A. (eds.), Portraits in Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Memory of David Herlihy (Ann Arbor, MI, 1996), pp. 107–30; rpt. in White, Re-Thinking Kinship and Feudalism in Early Medieval Europe (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 3.
White, S. D.The Feelings in the Feud: The Emotional Turn in the Study of Vengeance’, in Esmark, K., Hermanson, L., Orning, H. J., and Vogt, H. (eds.), Disputing Strategies in Medieval Scandinavia (Leiden, 2013), pp. 281311.
White, S. D.The “Feudal Revolution”: a Comment’, Past & Present, 152 (1996), 205–23; rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 2.
White, S. D. Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005).
White, S. D.Feuding and Peace-Making in the Touraine around the Year 1100’, Traditio, 42 (1986), 195263; rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 1.
White, S. D.From Peace to Power: the Study of Disputes in Medieval France’, in Cohen, E. and de Jong, M. B. (eds.), Medieval Transformations: Texts, Power, and Gifts in Context (Leiden, 2001), pp. 203–18; rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 8, pp. 1–14.
White, S. D.Un imaginaire faidal. La représentation de la guerre dans quelques chansons de geste’, in Barthélemy, F. Bougard, and Jan, R. Le (eds.), La vengeance, 400–1000, Collection de l’école française de Rome, 357 (Rome, 2006), pp. 175–98.
White, S. D.“Pactum … legem vincit et amor judicium”: the Settlement of Disputes by Compromise in Eleventh-Century Western France’, American Journal of Legal History, 22 (1978), 281308.
White, S. D.Re-penser la violence: De 2000 à 1000’, Médiévales, 37 (1999), 205–23; rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making, ch. 3; White, ‘The “Feudal Revolution”: Comment’, Past and Present, 152 (1996), 205–223; rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 2.
White, S. D. ‘Review: R. Bartlett, Trial by Fire and Water: the Medieval Judicial Ordeal (Oxford, 1986), Speculum, 64/2 (1989), 385–8.
White, S. D.Tenth-Century Courts at Mâcon and the Perils of Structuralist History: re-Reading Burgundian Judicial Institutions’, in Brown, W. C. and Górecki, P. (eds.), Conflict in Medieval Europe: Changing Perspectives on Society and Culture (Aldershot, 2003), pp. 3768, rpt. in White, Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 2005), ch. 9.
Wickham, C.Compulsory Gift Exchange in Lombard Italy 650–1150’, in Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Languages of Gift in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 193216.
Wickham, C. Courts and Conflict in Twelfth-Century Tuscany (Oxford, 2003).
Wickham, C. Early Medieval Italy: Central Power and Local Society 400–1000 (London, 1981).
Wickham, C. Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400–800 (Oxford, 2005).
Wickham, C. The Inheritance of Rome: a New History of Europe 400–1000 (London, 2009).
Wickham, C.Justice in the Kingdom of Italy in the Eleventh Century’, in La giustizia nell’alto medioevo (secoli IX-XI), Settimane di studio del CISAM XLIV (Spoleto, 1997), pp. 179255.
Wickham, C.Land Disputes and their Social Framework in Lombard and Carolingian Italy’, in Davies, W. and Fouracre, P. (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1986), pp. 105–24, repr. with additions in C. Wickham, Land and Power: Studies in Italian and European Social History (London, 1994), pp. 229–56.
Wickham, C.The Other Transition: From the Ancient World to Feudalism’, Past & Present, 103 (1984), 336.
Wickham, C.Problems of Comparing Rural Societies in Early Medieval Western Europe’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., no. 2 (1992), 221–46.
Wisse, F. “The Use of Early Christian Literature as Evidence for Inner Diversity and Conflict,” in Hedrick, C. and Hodgson, R Jr., Nag Hammadi, Gnosticism, and Early Christianity (Peabody, MA, 1988), pp. 177–90.
Wolfram, H. Intitulatio I. Lateinische Königs– und Fürstentitel bis zum Ende des 8. Jahrhunderts, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, suppl. vol. 21 (Graz, Vienna and Cologne, 1967).
Wolfram, H.‘Das römische Königtum der Germanen’, in Pohl, W. and Wieser, V. (eds.), Der Frühmittelalterliche Staat – Europäische Perspektiven, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters, 16 (Vienna, 2009), pp. 310.
Woll, I. Untersuchungen zur Überlieferung und Eigenart der merowingischen Kapitularien, Freiburger Beiträge zur mittelalterlichen Geschichte, 6 (Frankfurt am Main, 1995).
Wood, I. ‘The Bloodfeud of the Franks”: a Historiographical Legend’, Early Medieval Europe, 14 (2006), 489504.
Wood, I.The “chain of chronicles” in London BL 16974’, in Corradini, Richard and Diesenberger, Maximilian (eds.), Zwischen Niederschrift und Wiederschrift: Historiographie und Hagiographie im Spannungsfeld von Edition und Kompendienüberlieferung, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters, 15 (Vienna, 2010), pp. 6778.
Wood, I.The Foundation of Bede’s Wearmouth-Jarrow’, in DeGregorio, S. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bede (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 8496.
Wood, I.The Gifts of Wearmouth and Jarrow’, in Fouracre, P. and Davies, W. (eds.), The Languages of Gift in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 89115.
Wood, I. Gregory of Tours (Bangor, 1994).
Wood, I.Gregory of Tours and Clovis’, Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire 63 (1985), 249–72.
Wood, I. The Merovingian Kingdoms, 450–751 (Harlow, 1994).
Wood, I. The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages (Oxford, 2013).
Wood, J. C.Evolution, Civilization and History: a Response to Wiener and Rosenwein’, Cultural and Social History, 4 (2007), 559–65.
Wood, J. C.The Limits of Culture? Society, Evolutionary Psychology and the History of Violence’, Cultural and Social History, 4 (2007), 95114.
Wormald, J.Bloodfeud, Kindred and Government in Early Modern Scotland’, Past & Present, 87 (1980), 5497.
Wormald, P.Bede, Beowulf, and the Conversion of the Anglo-Saxon Aristocracy’, in Farrell, R. T. (ed.), Bede and Anglo-Saxon England: Papers in Honour of the 1300th Anniversary of the Birth of Bede, Given at Cornell University in 1973 and 1974, BAR 46 (Oxford, 1978), pp. 3295.
Wormald, P. Review of J. Matthews, Western Aristocracies and Imperial Court, 360–425 (Oxford, 1975), Journal of Roman Studies, 66 (1976), 217–26.
Wu, J. and Qi, Y., ‘Dealing with Scale in Landscape Analysis: an Overview’, Geographic Information Sciences, 6/1 (2000), 15.
Yarrow, S. Saints and their Communities (Oxford, 2006).
Zemon Davis, N.The Rites of Violence in Sixteenth-century France’, Past & Present, 59 (1973), 5991, repr. in Zemon Davis, Society and Culture in Early Modern France (Stanford, CA, 1975), pp. 152–88.