Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Iraq in Wartime
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 18
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

When US-led forces invaded Iraq in 2003, they occupied a country that had been at war for 23 years. Yet in their attempts to understand Iraqi society and history, few policy makers, analysts and journalists took into account the profound impact that Iraq's long engagement with war had on the Iraqis' everyday engagement with politics, the business of managing their daily lives, and their cultural imagination. Drawing on government documents and interviews, Dina Rizk Khoury traces the political, social and cultural processes of the normalization of war in Iraq during the last twenty-three years of Ba'thist rule. Khoury argues that war was a form of everyday bureaucratic governance and examines the Iraqi government's policies of creating consent, managing resistance and religious diversity, and shaping public culture. Coming on the tenth anniversary of the US-led invasion of Iraq, this book tells a multilayered story of a society in which war has become the norm.

Reviews

'Dina Rizk Khoury’s book on Iraqis and how they experienced the three Gulf wars: Iran-Iraq, Kuwait, and the end of Saddam, is equally evocative and surprising.'

Mary Ann Tétreault Source: Middle East Media and Book Reviews (membr.uwm.edu/)

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Sources and Bibliography
Bibliography
Abboud, Salam, Thaqafat al-‘Unf fi al-‘Iraq (The Culture of Violence in Iraq), Köln: Dar al-Jamal, 2002.
Abd al-Jabar, Adel, Jabal al-Nar, Jabal al-Thalj (Mountain of Fire, Mountain of Snow), Baghdad: Dar al-Rashid li al-Nashr, 1982.
Abd al-Majid, Muhammad, “al-Ghazal al-rakid nahwa al-sharq” (“The gazelle that runs towards the East”), in Qadisiyat Saddam: Qisas Tahta Lahib al-Nar (Qadisiyat Saddam: Stories Under the Flames of Fire), vol. 6, Baghdad: Da’irat al-Shu’un al-Thaqafiyya wa al-Nashr, 1984, pp. 57–69.
Abdul Jabar, Faleh, “Iraq’s War Generation,” in Potter, Lawrence G. and Sick, Gary G., eds., Iran, Iraq and the Legacies of War, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, pp. 121–40.
Abdul Jabar, Faleh, “Shaykhs and ideologues: Detribalization and retribalization in Iraq, 1968–1998,” Middle East Report, 215 (2000), 28–31.
Abrahamian, Ervand, Tortured Confessions, Prison and Public Recantation in Modern Iran, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
al-Fawz, Abu, Tadharis al-Ayam fi Dafatir Naseer (The Traces of Days in the Journals of an Advocate), Damascus: Dar al-Thaqafa wa al-Nashr, 2002.
Abufarha, Nasser, The Making of the Human Bomb: The Ethnography of Palestinian Resistance, Durham: Duke University Press, 2009.
Alexopolous, Golfo, “Stalin and the politics of kinship: Practices of collective punishment, 1920s-1930s,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 50, 1(2008), 91–117.
al-Ali, Nadje, Iraqi Women: Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present, London: Zed Press, 2007.
al-Alusi, Manal Yunus Abd al-Raziq, al-Mar’a wa al-Tatawur al-Siyasi fi al-Watan al-‘Arabi (Women and Political Development in the Arab Nation) Baghdad: Ministry of Culture and Information, 1989.
al-Azzawi, Fadhil, al-Ruh al-Hayya, Jil al-Sitinat fi al-‘Iraq (The Living Spirit, The Sixties Generation in Iraq) Damascus: al-Mada Press, 1997.
al-Khafaji, Isam, “The parasitic base of the Ba‘thist regime,” in Committee Against Repression and for Democratic Rights in Iraq (CADRI), Saddam’s Iraq, Revolution or Reaction, London: Zed Press, 1986, pp. 73–88.
al-Khafaji, Isam, “War as a vehicle for the rise and demise of a state-controlled society: The case of Ba‘thist Iraq,” in Heydemann, Steven, ed., War, Institutions and Social Change in the Middle East, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000, pp. 258–91.
al-Khafaji, Muhsin, “al-Yawm al-khamis fi wadi al-shams”(“The fifth day in the valley of the sun”), in Qadisiyat Saddam: Qisas Tahta Lahib al-Nar (Qadisiyat Saddam: Stories under the Flames of Fire), vol. 5, Baghdad: Dar al-Shu’un al-Thaqafiyya wa al-Nashr, 1983, pp. 9–27.
al-Majid, M., Intifadat al-Sha‘b al-‘Iraqi (The Uprising of the Iraqi People) Beirut: Dar al-Wifaq, 1991.
al-Marashi, Ibrahim, “Iraq’s security and intelligence network: A guide and analysis,” Middle East Review of International Affairs, vol. 7, 2(2003), 1–13.
al-Marashi, Ibrahim and Salama, Sammy, Iraq’s Armed Forces: An Analytical History, London: Routledge, 2008.
al-Musawi, Muhsin, al-Mar’i wa al-Mutakhayal, Adab al-Harb al-Qisasi fi al-‘Iraq (The Visible and the Imagined, the Narrative Literature of War in Iraq) Baghdad: Dar al-Shu’un al-Thaqafiyya li al-Nashr, 1986.
Antoon, Sinan, Reading Iraq, Culture and Power in Conflict, London: I.B. Tauris, 2006.
al-Samarra’i, Abd al-Qadir, ed., Qadisiyat Saddam: Qisas Tahta Lahib al-Nar (Qadisiyat Saddam: Stories under the Flame of Fire), vol. 1, Baghdad: Dar al-Rashid, 1981.
al-‘Ubaidi, Hasan, Dirasat Qanuniyya fi Qiyadat al-Hizb li al-Dawla wa al-Mujtama‘ (A Legal Study of the Leadership of the Party/State and Society) Baghdad and London: Dar Wasit al-Markaz al-Dusturi li Hizb al-Ba’th al-‘Arabi al-Ishtiraki, 1982.
al-Zaydi, Staff Colonel Ahmad, al-Bina’ al-Ma‘nawi li al-Quwwat al-Musalaha al-‘Iraqiyya, (The Structure of Morale of the Iraqi Armed Forces) Beirut: Dar al-Rawda, 1990.
Antoon, Sinan, “Monumental disrespect,” Middle East Report, no. 228 (2003), 28–30.
Antoon, Sinan, “Bending history,” Middle East Report, no. 257 (2010), 29–31.
Arab Ba‘th Socialist Party, Revolutionary Iraq, 1968–1973, The Political Report Adopted by the Eighth Regional Congress of the Arab Ba‘th Socialist Party, Baghdad: np 1974.
Arab Ba‘th Socialist Party-Iraq, al-Taqrir al-Markazi li al-Mu’tamar al-Qutri al-Tasi‘, June, 1982 (The Central Report of the Ninth Regional Congress, June 1982), Baghdad: np, 1983.
Arendt, Hannah, On Violence, USA: Harvest, 1970.
Bader, Ali, Baba Sartre (Papa Sartre) Beirut: al-Mu’assasa al-‘Arabiyya li al-Dirasat wa al-Nashr, 2006.
Baram, Amatzia, Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba‘thist Iraq, 1968–89, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991.
Baram, Amatzia, “Neo-tribalism in Iraq: Saddam Hussein’s tribal policies 1991–1996,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 29, no.1 (1997), 1–31.
Baram, Amatzia, Rohde, Achim and Zeidel, Ronen, “Between the Unknown Soldier monument and the Cemetry: Commemorating the Fallen Soldiers in Iraq, 1958–2010,” in Conflicting Narratives, War, Trauma and Memory in Iraqi culture, Stephan, Milich, Pannewick, Friederike, and Tramontini, Leslie, eds., Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag Wiesbaden, 2012.
Baran, David, Vivre la Tyrannie et lui Survivre, L’Irak en Transition (Living Tyranny and Surviving It: Iraq in Transition) Paris: Mille et Une Nuits, 2004.
Barber, John and Harrison, Mark, The Soviet Home Front, London: Longman, 1991.
Bayart, Jean François, Ellis, Stephen and Hilou, Béatrice, The Criminalization of the State in Africa, trans. Ellis, Stephen, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
Bengio, Ofra, “Iraq,” Middle East Contemporary Survey, vol. 6 (1981–1982), 582–3.
Bengio, Ofra, “Iraq,” Middle East Contemporary Survey, vol. 10 (1986), 364–69.
Bengio, Ofra, “Iraq,” Middle East Contemporary Survey, vol. 13 (1987), 376–95.
Bengio, Ofra, “Iraq,” Middle East Contemporary Survey, vol. 14 (1990), 386–412.
Bengio, Ofra, Saddam’s Words, Political Discourse in Iraq, New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Brown, Ian, Khomeini’s Forgotten Sons, The Story of Iran’s Boy Soldiers, London: Gray Seal, 1990.
Brown, Wendy, Regulating Aversion, Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Butler, Judith, Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence, New York: Verso, 2006.
Caswell, Michelle, “Thank you very much, now give them back: Cultural property and the fight over the Iraqi Baath records,” American Archivist, vol. 74 (2011), 211–40.
Chatterjee, Partha, The Politics of the Governed, Reflections on Popular Politics in Most of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Chelkowski, Peter and Dabashi, Hamid, Staging the Revolution: The Art of Persuasion in the Islamic Republic of Iran, London: Booth-Clibborn Editions, 2000.
Chubin, Shahram and Tripp, Charles, Iran and Iraq at War, Boulder: Westview Press, 1988.
Corboz, Elvire, “Uneasy Humanitarianism, The ICRC and the prisoners-of-war during the Iran-Iraq conflict,” unpublished MA thesis, Oxford University (2005).
Cooke, Miriam, Women and the War Story, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.
Davis, Eric, Memories of State, Politics, History and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
de Bellaigne, Christopher, In the Rose Garden of the Martyrs: A Memoir of Iran, New York: HarperCollins, 2005.
Deeb, Lara, “Exhibiting the ‘Just Lived Past’: Hizbullah’s nationalist narratives in the transnational political context,” Comparative Studies of Society and History, vol. 50, 2(2008), 369–99.
Dorraj, Monachehr, “Symbolic and utilitarian value of tradition: Martyrdom in Iranian political culture,” Review of Politics, vol. 59, 3(1997), 489–521.
Efrati, Noga, “Productive or reproductive? The roles of Women during the Iran-Iraq war,” Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 35, 2(1999), 27–44.
Efrati, Noga, Women in Iraq: Past Meets Present, New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.
Fanon, FranzThe Wretched of the Earth, trans. Farrington, C., New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991.
Farhi, Farideh, “The antinomies of Iran’s war generation,” in Iran, Iraq and the Legacies of the War, Potter, Lawrence and Sick, Gary, eds., New York: Palgrave Macmillan,2004, pp. 101–20.
Federation of Arab Journalists, No to War, Yes to Peace: Stop the Gulf War, Save Iraqi POWs, Baghdad: Federation of Arab Journalists, 1986.
Foucault, Michel, “Governmentality,” in The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality, Burchell, Graham, Gordon, Colin and Miller, Peter eds., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, pp. 87–104.
Foucault, Michel, The Birth of Biopolitics, Senellart, Michel ed., New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
Foucault, Michel, Security, Territory and Population, Senellant, Michel ed., New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
Franzén, Johan, Red Star over Iraq: Iraqi Communism before Saddam, London: Hurst and Company, 2011.
Freedman, Lawrence and Karsh, Ephraim, The Gulf Conflict, 1990–1991, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.
Fussell, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Galli, Carlo, Political Spaces and Global War, Fay, Elisabeth, trans., Minneapolis: Univesity of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Gordon, Joy, Invisible War, The United States and The Iraq Sanctions, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010.
Gordon, Neve, Israel’s Occupation, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.
Graham-Brown, Sarah, Sanctioning Saddam: The Politics of Intervention in Iraq, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999.
Haddad, Fanar, Sectarianism in Iraq: Antagonistic Visions of Unity, United Kingdom: C. Hurst & Co., 2011.
Hamadani, Lieutenant General Ra’id Majid, Qabla ’an Yughadiruna al-Tarikh (Before History Leaves Us Behind) Beirut: Arab Scientific Publishers, 2007.
Hashim, Ahmad, “Saddam Husayn and civil-military relations in Iraq: The quest for legitimacy and power,” Middle East Journal, vol. 57, 1 (2003), 9–41.
Haugbolle, Sune, War and Memory in Lebanon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Heydemann, Steven ed., War, Institutions, and Social Change in the Middle East, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Hiltermann, Joost, A Poisonous Affair, America, Iraq, and the Gassing of Halabja, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Hiltermann, Joost, Bureaucracy of Repression, The Iraq Government in Its Own Words, NewYork:Human Rights Watch, 1994.
Hiro, Dilip, Desert Storm to Desert Shield, The Second Gulf War, New York: Routledge, 1992.
Hiro, Dilip, The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict, New York: Routledge, 1991.
Isin, Engin, “Theorizing acts of citizenship,” in Acts of Citizenship, Engin, I. and Nielsen, G. M. eds., London: Zed Press, pp. 15–43.
Islamic Action Organization, al-Intifada al-Sha‘biyyah fi al-‘Iraq: al-Asbab wa al-Nata’ij was Mustaqbaluha bi Nadhar Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhammad Taqi al-Din al-Mudarissi (The Popular Uprising of Iraq: Its Causes, Consequences and Its Future in the View of Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mudarissi) Beirut: Islamic Action Organization, 1991.
Jabar, Faleh A.The Shi‘ite Movement in Iraq, London: Saqi Press, 2003.
The Joint Working Committee of the Iraqi Opposition Forces, Watha’iq al-Mu’tamar al-‘Am li Qiwa al-Mu‘arada al-‘Iraqiyya (The Documents of the General Congress of Iraqi Opposition Forces) Beirut: np, 1991.
Joseph, Suad, “Elite Strategies for state-building: Women, family, religion, and state-building in Iraq and Lebanon,” in Women, Islam and the State, Kendiyoti, Deniz, ed., Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991, pp. 176–200.
Khalili, Laleh, Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: The Politics of National Commemoration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Kimmerling, Baruch, The Invention and Decline of Israeliness: State, Society and the Military, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
Klein, Kerwin Lee, “On the emergence of memory in historical discourse,” Representations, vol. 69 (2000), 127–50.
Kligman, Gail, The Politics of Duplicity, Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Laizer, Sheri, Martyrs, Traitors and Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War, London: Zed Books, 1996.
Makiya, Kanan, Cruelty and Silence: War, Tyranny, Uprising and the Arab World, New York: W.W. Norton, 1993.
Makiya, Kanan, The Monument: Art and Vulgarity in Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, New York: I.B. Tauris, 2004.
Makiya, Kanan, Republic of Fear, The Politics of Modern Iraq, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Maroun, Ibrahim, L´économie Pétrolière pour L’économie de Guerre Permenante, Ètude Socio-Èconomique des Problèmes du Dévelopment en Irak, Beirut: Lebanon University Press, 1986.
Marr, Phebe, The Modern History of Iraq, Boulder: Westview Press, 2003.
McReynolds, Louise, “Dateline Stalingrad, newspaper correspondents on the front,” in Culture and Entertainment in Wartime Russia, Stites, Richard ed., Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995, pp. 28–43.
Mbembe, Achille, “Necropolitics,” trans. Meintjes, Libby, Public Culture, vol. 15, 1(2003), 11–40.
Mbembé, Achille, On the Post-Colony, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Mbembé, Achille, “The banality of power and the aesthetics of vulgarity in the post-colony,” Public Culture, vol. 4, 2 (1992), 1–30.
Milozc, Czelslow, The Captive Mind, London: Penguin Books, 2001.
Mitchell, Timothy, “Society, Economy and the State Effect,” in Steinmetz, George, ed., State/Culture: State Formation After the Cultural Turn, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999, pp. 76–97.
Mohsen, Fatima, “Debating Iraqi culture: Intellectuals between the inside and the outside,” in Conflicting Narratives, War, Trauma and Memory in Iraqi culture, Milich, Stephan, Pannewick, Friederike and Tramontini, Leslie, eds., Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag Wiesbaden, 2012.
Montgomery, Bruce, “Immortality in the secret police files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the Baath Party archive,” International Journal of Cultural Property, 18(2011), 309–36.
Mosse, George L.Fallen Soldiers, Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Omar, Suha, “Women: Honor, Shame, and Dictatorship,” in Iraq Since the Gulf War: Prospects for Democracy, Hazelton, Fran, ed., London: Zed Books, 1994.
Parasaliti, Andrew and Antoon, Sinan, “Friends in need, foes to heed: The Iraqi military in politics,” Middle East Policy, vol. 7, 4(2000), 130–41.
Perelli, Carina, “Youth, politics, and dictatorship in Uruguay,” in Fear at the Edge: State Terror and Resistance in Latin America, Corradi, Juan E., Fagen, , Weiss, Patricia, and Garretón, Manuel Antonio, eds., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, pp. 212–35.
Podeh, Elie, The Politics of National Celebrations in the Middle East, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Ram, Haggay, Myth and Mobilization in Revolutionary Iran: The Use of the Friday Congregational Sermon, Lanham: American University Press, 1994.
Ramadan, Taha Yasin, Qadisiyat Saddam wa al-Jaysh al-Sha‘bi (Qadisiyat Saddam and the Popular Army), Baghdad: The General Leadership of the Popular Army, 1988.
Rassam, Amal, “Revolution within the Revolution? Women and the state in Iraq,” in Iraq: The Contemporary State, Niblock, Tim ed., New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982, pp. 88–99.
Riverbend, , Baghdad Burning: Girl Blog from Iraq, New York: The Feminist Press at CUNY, 2005.
Rohde, Achim, Facing Dictatorship: State-Society Relations in Ba‘thist Iraq, London: Routledge, 2010.
Rohde, Achim, “Opportunities for masculinity and love: Cultural production in Ba‘thist Iraq during the 1980s,” in Islamic Masculinities, Ouzgane, Lahouchine ed., London: Zed Press, 2006, pp. 148–201.
Rosenhek, Zeev, Maman, Daniel, and Ben-Ari, Eyal, “The study of war and the military in Israel: An empirical investigation and reflective critique,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 35 (2003), 461–84.
Saeidi, Shirin, “Creating the Islamic Republic of Iran: Wives and daughters of martyrs, and acts of citizenship,” Citizenship Studies, vol. 14 (2010), 113–26.
Salem, Warid, Hamza, , Mustafa, , and Hayyawi, Muhammad eds., Dhakirat al- Ghad, Shahadat, Ru’a wa Tajarub (Memory of Tomorrow, Testimonies, Visions and Experiences) Baghdad: Dar al-Shu’un al-Thaqfiyya al-‘Ama,1989.
Sassoon, Joseph, Saddam Hussein’s Ba’th Party: Inside an Authoritarian Regime, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Sayer, Derek, “Everyday forms of state formation: Dissident remarks on hegemony,” in Everyday Forms of State Formation; Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico, Joseph, Gilbert and Nugent, Daniel eds., Durham: Duke University Press, 1994, pp. 367–78.
Sayigh, Yezid, “War as leveler, war as midwife: Palestinian political institutions, nationalism, and society since 1948,” in War, Institutions and Social Change, in the Middle East, Heydemann, Steven ed., Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000, pp. 200–39.
Sha‘ban, ‘Abd al-Husayn, Man Huwa al-‘Iraqi? Ishkaliyat al-Jinsiyya fi al-Qanun al-‘Iraqi wa al-Duwali (Who is Iraqi? The Problem of Nationality and non-Nationality in Iraqi and International Laws), Beirut: Dar al-Kunuz al-Dhahabiyya, 2002.
Smolansky, Oles M. and Smolansky, Bettie, The USSR and Iraq, the Soviet Quest for Influence, Durham: Duke University Press, 1991.
Sluglett, Peter and Sluglett, Marion-Farouk, Iraq Since 1958: From Revolution to Dictatorship, revised edition, London: I.B. Tauris, 2001.
Thompson, Elizabeth, Colonial Citizens, New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.
Tilly, Charles, Coercion, Capital and European States, AD 900–1990, Cambridge: Basil Blackwell, 1990.
Tilly, Charles, ed., The Formation of National States in Western Europe, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.
Tramontini, Leslie, “The struggle for representation: The internal Iraqi dispute over cultural representation in Baathist Iraq,” in Conflicting Narratives, War, Trauma and Memory in Iraqi culture, Milich, Stephan, Pannewick, Friederick, and Tramontini, Leslie, eds. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag Wiesbaden, 2012.
Tripp, Charles, A History of Iraq, second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Van Bruinessen, Martin, Agha, Shaikh and State: The Social History and Political Structures of Kurdistan, London: Zed Books, 1992.
Varzi, Roxane, Warring Souls: Youth, Media and Martyrdom in Post-Revolutionary Iran, Durham: Duke University Press, 2006.
Volk, Lucia, Memorials and Martyrs in Modern Lebanon, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010.
Walker, Barbara, “(Still) searching for a Soviet Society: Personalized political ties and economic ties in recent Soviet historiography,” vol. 43, 3(2001) Comparative Studies of Society and History, 631–42.
Wedeen, Lisa, Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric and Symbols in Contemporary Syria, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Wedeen, Lisa, “Seeing like a Citizen, Acting like a State: Exemplary Events in Unified Yemen,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 45, 4 (2003), 680–713.
Weiss, Meira, “Bereavement, commemoration and collective identity in contemporary Israeli society,” Anthropological Quarterly, vol. 70, 2(1997), 91–101.
Weizman, Eyal, Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation, New York: Verso Press, 2007.
Winter, Jay, Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Winter, Jay and Emmanuel, Sivan, War and Remembrance in the Twentieth Century, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Yasin, Najman, al-Insan wa al-Harb, Qadisiyat Saddam fi ’A‘mal Rahim Hasan (Man and War: Qadisiyat Saddam in the Works of Rahim Hasan), Baghdad: al-Dar al-Wataniyya li al-Tiba‘a wa al-Nashr, 1987.
Youssef, Saadi, Without an Alphabet, Without a Face, Mattawa, Khaled trans., Saint Paul: Graywolf Press, 2002.
Yurchak, Alexei, “Soviet hegemony of form: Everything was forever, until it was no more,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 45, 3 (2003), 480–510.
Zizek, Slavoj, Violence (New York: Picador, 2008).
Electronic Resources
al-Salhi, Najib. “al-Zilzal (The Earthquake).”Iraq 4 All News 1998. Accessed April 28, 2008. .
“Amputation and Branding, Detention of Health Professionals.” Amnesty International. Accessed September 19, 2011. .
“The Central Report of the Ninth Regional Congress of the Ba‘th Party, June 1982.” Al-Moharer. Accessed June 18, 2008. .
Eakin, Hugh, “Iraqi Files in US: Plunder or Rescue.” New York Times. Accessed July 9, 2009. .
“Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and its Aftermath” Human Rights Watch. Accessed June 12, 2008. .
“Genocide in Iraq: The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds” Human Rights Watch. Accessed October 27, 2010. .
Hiltermann, Joost, “Case Study: The 1988 Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan” Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence 2008. Accessed April 6, 2011. .
Interim Iraqi Constitution, 1970. Accessed February 26, 2012. .
“Iraq: State Cruelty: Branding, Amputation and Death Penalty.” Amnesty International. Accessed September 19, 2011. .
“The Iraqi Government’s Assault on the Marsh Arabs.” Human Rights Watch. Accessed June 13, 2008. .
“Needless deaths in the Gulf War: Civilian casualties during the air campaign and violations of the laws of war.” Human Rights Watch Web. Accessed February 12, 2012. .
Salem-Pickartz, Josi (prep.) “Iraq Watching Brief: Child Protection” UNICEF. Accessed February 24, 2012. .
Sen, Biswat, “Iraq Watching Brief: Overview Report, July 2003.” Accessed April 23, 2011. .
Shamma, Naseer, “It happened in Amiriya.” Accessed February 20, 2012. .
Shamma, Naseer, webpage. Accessed February 20, 2012. .
Shamma, Naseer, Interview with Naseer Shamma. Accessed February 20, 2012. .

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.