This monograph consists of a selection of texts devoted to two key issues in the thought of Albert Camus: absurd and rebellion. The researchers who were invited to contribute are particularly interested in the problem of transition, in the thought of the author of "The Rebel", from philosophical considerations over the absurd in the human condition to the attitude of rebellion. The monograph consists of three parts. In the first of them, researchers analyse first of all the sources of Camus’s concept of rebellion: the problems of the absurd and, more generally, the early thought of the author of 'The Outsider'. Part two presents considerations on Camus’s rebellion from the perspective of contemporary humanities. And part three focuses on comparative studies and takes up the associations between Camus’s thought with inter alia Dostoyevsky, Kolakowski and Iwaszkiewicz.