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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: March 2012

1 - Cardiothoracic and vascular radiology

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Further reading
Jeong, YJ, Lee, KS. Pulmonary tuberculosis: up-to-date imaging and management. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2008; 191: 834–44.
Miller, WT. Chest radiographic evaluation of diffuse infiltrative lung disease: review of a dying art. Eur J Radiol 2002; 44: 182–97.
Tables of differential diagnosis. In Fraser, RS, Müller, NL, Colman, N, Paré, PD, eds., Fraser and Paré's Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1999; 3144–9.
Further reading
Lee, YK, Seo, JB, Jang, YM, et al. Acute and chronic complications of aortic intramural hematoma on follow-up computed tomography: incidence and predictor analysis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2007; 31: 435–40.
Macura, KJ, Corl, FM, Fishman, EK, Bluemke, DA. Pathogenesis in acute aortic syndromes: aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 181: 309–16.
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Further reading
Hansell, DM. Bronchiectasis. Radiol Clin North Am 1998; 36: 107–28.
Koh, WJ, Lee, KS, Kwon, OJ, et al. Bilateral bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis at thin-section CT: diagnostic implications in nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary infection. Radiology 2005; 235: 282–8.
Primack, SL, Logan, PM, Hartman, TE, Lee, KS, Müller, NL. Pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare: a comparison of CT findings. Radiology 1995; 194: 413–17.
Reich, JM, Johnson, RE. Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease presenting as an isolated lingular or middle lobe pattern: the Lady Windermere syndrome. Chest 1992; 101: 1605–9.
Further reading
Goodman, P. Pulmonary infection in adults. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Rome, L, Murali, G, Lippmann, M. Nonresolving pneumonia and mimics of pneumonia. Med Clin North Am 2001; 85: 1511–30.
Further reading
Guttentag, AR, Salwen, JK. Keep your eyes on the ribs: the spectrum of normal variants and diseases that involves the ribs. Radiographics 1999; 19: 1125–42.
Pemberton, J, Sahn, DJ. Imaging of the aorta. Int J Cardiol 2004; 97 (Suppl 1): 53–60.
Further reading
Faughnan, ME, Granton, JT, Young, LH. The pulmonary vascular complications of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia. Eur Respir J 2009; 33: 1186–94.
Pelage, JP, El-Hajjam, M, Lagrange, C, et al. Pulmonary artery interventions: an overview. Radiographics 2005; 25: 1653–67.
Further reading
Williams, AM, Crabbe, DC. Pectus deformities of the anterior chest wall. Paediatr Respir Rev 2003; 4: 237–42.
Further reading
Agarwal, PP, Chughtai, A, Matzinger, FR, Kazerooni, EA. Multidetector CT of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Radiographics 2009; 29: 537–52.
Castañer, E, Andreu, M, Gallardo, X, et al. CT in nontraumatic acute thoracic aortic disease: typical and atypical features and complications. Radiographics 2003; 23: S93–110.
Yoo, SM, Lee, HY, White, CS. MDCT evaluation of acute aortic syndrome. Radiol Clin North Am 2010; 48: 67–83.
Further reading
Koyama, T, Ueda, H, Togashi, K, et al. Radiologic manifestations of sarcoidosis in various organs. Radiographics 2004; 24: 87–104.
Statement on Sarcoidosis. Joint Statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disorders (WASOG) adopted by the ATS Board of Directors and by the ERS Executive Committee, February 1999. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999; 160: 736–55.
Travis, WD, Colby, TV, eds. Atlas of Nontumor Pathology: Non-Neoplastic Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract. Washington DC: American Registry of Pathology and the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 2002; 123.
Further reading
Lossos, IS, Yossepowitch, O, Kandel, L, Yardeni, D, Arber, N. Septic arthritis of the glenohumeral joint: a report of 11 cases and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore) 1998; 77: 177–87.
Further reading
Chandrashekhar, Y, Westaby, S, Narula, J. Mitral stenosis. Lancet 2009; 374: 1271–83.
Further reading
Jimenez, D, Diaz, G, Gil, D, et al. Etiology and prognostic significance of massive pleural effusions. Respir Med 2005; 99: 1183–7.
Jung, JI, Kim, HH, Park, SH, et al. Thoracic manifestations of breast cancer and its therapy. Radiographics 2004; 24: 1269–85.
Matthay, RA, Coppage, L, Shaw, C, Filderman, AE. Malignancies metastatic to the pleura. Invest Radiol 1990; 25: 601–19.
Further reading
Ha, CS, Medeiros, LJ, Charnsangavej, C, Crump, M, Gospodarowicz, MK. Lymphoma. Radiographics 2006; 26: 607–20.
Lister, TA, Crowther, D, Sutcliffe, SB, et al. Report of a committee convened to discuss the evaluation and staging of patients with Hodgkin's disease: Cotswolds meeting. J Clin Oncol 1989; 7: 1630–6.
Moog, F, Bangerter, M, Diederichs, CG, et al. Extranodal malignant lymphoma: detection with FDG PET versus CT. Radiology 1998; 206: 475–81.
Further reading
Chaffey, MH, Klein, JS, Gamsu, G, Blanc, P, Golden, JA. Radiographic distribution of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with AIDS treated with prophylactic inhaled pentamidine. Radiology 1990; 175: 715–19.
Gruden, JF, Huang, L, Turner, J, et al. High-resolution CT in the evaluation of clinically suspected Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS patients with normal, equivocal, or nonspecific radiographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1997; 169: 967–75.
Hidalgo, A, Falco, V, Mauleon, S, et al. Accuracy of high-resolution CT in distinguishing between Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and non-Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS patients. Eur Radiol 2003; 13: 1179–84.
Further reading
Abbott, GF, Rosado-de-Christenson, ML, Franks, TJ, Frazier, AA, Galvin, JR. From the archives of the AFIP: pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Radiographics 2004; 24: 821–41.
Vassallo, R, Ryu, JH, Colby, TV, Hartman, T, Limper, AH. Pulmonary Langerhans'-cell histiocytosis. N Engl J Med 2000; 342: 1969–78.
Vassallo, R, Ryu, JH, Schroeder, DR, Decker, PA, Limper, AH. Clinical outcomes of pulmonary Langerhans'-cell histiocytosis in adults. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 484–90.
Further reading
Society, American Thoracic, Society, European Respiratory. American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias. This joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was adopted by the ATS board of directors, June 2001 and by the ERS Executive Committee, June 2001. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 165: 277–304. [Published correction appears in Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 166: 426.]
Lynch, DA, Godwin, DJ, Safrin, S, et al. High-resolution computed tomography in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: diagnosis and prognosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005; 172: 488–93.
Mueller-Mang, C, Grosse, C, Schmid, K, Stiebellehner, L, Bankier, AA. What every radiologist should know about idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Radiographics 2007; 27: 595–615.
Further reading
Society, American Thoracic, Society, European Respiratory. American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias. This joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was adopted by the ATS board of directors, June 2001 and by the ERS Executive Committee, June 2001. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 165: 277–304. [Published correction appears in Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 166: 426.]
Kligerman, SJ, Groshong, S, Brown, KK, Lynch, DA. Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia: radiologic, clinical, and pathologic considerations. Radiographics 2009; 29: 73–87.
Further reading
Marchiori, E, Lourenço, S, Gasparetto, TD, et al. Pulmonary talcosis: imaging findings. Lung 2010; 188: 165–71.
Nguyen, ET, Silva, CI, Souza, CA, Müller, NL. Pulmonary complications of illicit drug use: differential diagnosis based on CT findings. J Thorac Imaging 2007; 22: 199–206.
Fraser, RS, Colman, N, Müller, NL, Paré, PD. Embolic and thrombotic diseases of the lungs. In Fraser, RS, Colman, N, Müller, NL, Paré, PD, eds., Synopsis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia, PA:Elsevier Saunders, 2005; 542–80.
Paré, JP, Cote, G, Fraser, RS. Long-term follow-up of drug abusers with intravenous talcosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 139: 233–41.
Further reading
Burney, K, Burchard, F, Papouchado, M, Wilde, P. Cardiac pacing systems and implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs): a radiological perspective of equipment, anatomy and complications. Clin Radiol 2004; 59: 699–708.
Further reading
Sanders, RJ, Hammond, SL, Rao, NM. Diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg 2007; 46: 601–4.
Further reading
Verschakalen, JA. The chest wall, pleura, and diaphragm. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Fraser, RS, Müller, NL, Colman, N, Paré, PD. Pulmonary edema. In Fraser and Paré's Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1999; 441–4.
Gluecker, T, Capasso, P, Schnyder, P, et al. Clinical and radiologic features of pulmonary edema. Radiographics 1999; 19: 1507–31.
Peddu, P, Desai, SR. Airspace disease. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Müller, NL, Fraser, RS, Colman, NC, Paré, PD. Radiologic Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2001; 240.
Padley, S, MacDonald, SL. Pulmonary neoplasms. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Castañer, E, Alguersuari, A, Gallardo, X, et al. When to suspect pulmonary vasculitis: radiologic and clinical clues. Radiographics 2010; 30: 33–53.
Murfitt, J, Robinson, P, Whitehouse, R, et al. The normal chest: methods of investigation and differential diagnosis. In Sutton, D, ed., Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, 7th edn. London: Elsevier, 2003; 1–57.
Further reading
Dalal, P, Rubens, MB. Pulmonary circulation and pulmonary thromboembolism. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Müller, NL, Silva, CI. Imaging of the Chest. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier, 2008; 936–63.
Further reading
MacDonald, SL, Padley, S. The mediastinum, including the pericardium. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
MacGregor, JH, Chen, JT, Chiles, C, et al. The radiographic distinction between pericardial and myocardial calcifications. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1987; 148: 675–7.
Further reading
Fraser, RS, Müller, NL, Colman, N, Paré, PD. Pleural abnormalities. In Fraser and Paré's Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1999; 566–71.
Rubens, MB, Padley, SG. The pleura. In Sutton, D, ed., Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, 7th edn. London: Elsevier, 2003; 87–107.
Further reading
Copley, SJ. Pulmonary lobar collapse: essential considerations. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Fraser, RS, Müller, NL, Colman, N, Paré, PD. Pulmonary carcinoma. In Fraser and Paré's Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1999; 1121.
Further reading
Chong, S, Lee, KS, Chung, MJ, et al. Neuroendocrine tumours of the lung: clinical, pathologic and imaging findings. Radiographics 2006; 26: 41–57.
Müller, NL, Silva, CIS.Imaging of the Chest, Volume I. Philadelphia, PA:Saunders Elsevier, 2008; 542–7.
Stoker, DJ, Saifuddin, A. Bone tumours (2): malignant tumours. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Goodman, PC. Pulmonary infection in adults. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Im, JG, Itoh, H, Shim, YS, et al. Pulmonary tuberculosis: CT findings. Early active disease and sequential change with antituberculous therapy. Radiology 1993; 186: 653–60.
Further reading
Fraser, RS, Müller, NL, Colman, N, Paré, PD. Atelectasis. In Fraser and Paré's Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1999; 543–9.
Murfitt, J, Robinson, PJ, Whitehouse, RW, et al. The normal chest: methods of investigation and differential diagnosis. In Sutton, D, ed., Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, 7th edn. London: Elsevier, 2003; 1–57.
Further reading
Müller, NL, Silva, CI. Imaging of the Chest. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008; 1009–12.
Prince, JS, Duhamel, DR, Levin, DL, Harrell, JH, Friedman, PJ. Nonneoplastic lesions of the tracheobronchial wall: radiologic findings with bronchoscopic correlation. Radiographics 2002; 22: S215–30.
Further reading
Castaner, E, Andreu, M, Gallardo, X, et al. CT in nontraumatic acute thoracic aortic disease: typical and atypical features and complications. Radiographics 2003; 23: S93–110.
Further reading
Müller, NL, Silva, CIS. Imaging of the Chest. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008; 568–79.
Padley, S, MacDonald, SL. Pulmonary neoplasms. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Stoker, DJ, Saifuddin, A. Bone tumours (2): malignant lesions. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
Further reading
Johnson, MK, Smith, RP, Morrison, D, Laszlo, G, White, RJ. Large lung bullae in marijuana smokers. Thorax 2000; 55: 340–2.
Restreppo, CS, Carrillo, JA, Martinez, S, et al. Pulmonary complications from cocaine and cocaine-based substances: Imaging manifestations. Radiographics 2007; 27: 941–56.
Further reading
Murfitt, J, Robinson, PJ, Whitehouse, RW, et al. The normal chest: methods of investigation and differential diagnosis. In Sutton, D, ed., Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, 7th edn. London: Elsevier, 2003; 1–57.
Further reading
Franquet, T, Müller, NL, Gimenez, A, et al. Spectrum of pulmonary aspergillosis: histologic, clinical, and radiologic findings. Radiographics 2001; 21: 825–37.
Kenney, HH, Agrons, GA, Shin, JS. Best cases from the AFIP. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis: radiologic and pathologic findings. Radiographics 2002; 22: 1507–10.
Further reading
Hutchison, SJ. Pericardial Diseases: Clinical Imaging Atlas. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2009.
Further reading
Müller, NL, Silva, CIS.Imaging of the Chest, Volume II. Philadelphia, PA:Saunders Elsevier, 2008; 1401–20.
Rubens, MB, Padley, SP. The pleura. In Sutton, D, ed., Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, 7th edn. London: Elsevier, 2003; 87–107.
Further reading
Davis, SD. Case 28: proximal interruption of the right pulmonary artery. Radiology 2000; 217: 437–40.
Pipavath, SJ, Lynch, DA, Cool, C, Brown, KK, Newell, JD. Radiologic and pathologic features of bronchiolitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2005; 185: 354–63.
Webb, WR. Radiology of obstructive pulmonary disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1997; 169: 637–47.
Further reading
Gaerte, SC, Meyer, CA, Winer-Muram, HT, Tarver, RD, Conces, DJ. Fat-containing lesions of the chest. Radiographics 2002; 22: S61–78.
Jeung, MY, Gasser, B, Gangi, A, et al. Imaging of cystic masses of the mediastinum. Radiographics 2002; 22: S79–93.
Tecce, PM, Fishman, EK, Kuhlman, JE. CT evaluation of the anterior mediastinum: spectrum of disease. Radiographics 1994; 14: 973–90.
Whitten, CR, Sameer Khan, S, Munneke, GJ, Grubnic, S.A diagnostic approach to mediastinal abnormalities. Radiographics 2007; 27: 657–71.
Further reading
Buckingham, SJ, Hansell, DM. Aspergillus in the lung: diverse and coincident forms. Eur Radiol 2003; 13: 1786–800.
Seo, JB, Im, JG, Goo, JM, Chung, MJ, Kim, MY. Atypical pulmonary metastases: spectrum of radiologic findings. Radiographics 2001; 21: 403–17.
Further reading
Macedo, TA, Johnson, CM, Hallett, JW, Breen JF. Popliteal entrapment syndrome: role of imaging in the diagnosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 181: 1259–65.
Turnipseed, WD. Functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome: a poorly understood and often missed diagnosis that is frequently mistreated. J Vasc Surg 2009; 49: 1189–95.
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,EVAR trial participants. Endovascular aneurysm repair versus open repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR trial 1): randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2005; 365: 2179–86.
Nicholson, A, Patel, J. The aorta, including intervention. In Adam, A, Dixon, AK, eds., Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology, 5th edn. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2008 (ebook).
,UK Small Aneurysm Trial Participants. Mortality results for randomised controlled trial of early elective surgery or ultrasonographic surveillance for small abdominal aortic aneurysms. Lancet 1998; 352: 1649–55.
Further reading
Gotway, MB, Araoz, PA, Macedo, TA, et al. Imaging findings in Takayasu's arteritis. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2005; 184: 1945–50.
Nastri, MV, Baptista, LP, Baroni, RH, et al. Gadolinium-enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography of Takayasu arteritis. Radiographics 2004; 24: 773–86.
Further reading
Dubel, GJ, Murphy, TP. The role of percutaneous revascularization in renal artery stenosis. Vasc Med 2008; 13: 141–56.
Olin, JW, Pierce, M. Contemporary management of fibromuscular dysplasia. Curr Opin Cardiol 2008; 23: 527–36.
Further reading
Chung, J, Yu, JS, Chung, JJ, Kim, JH, Kim, KW. Haemodynamic events and localised parenchymal changes following transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation for hepatic malignancy: interpretation of imaging findings. Br J Radiol 2010; 83: 71–81.
Gates, J, Hartnell, GG, Stuart, KE, Clouse, ME. Chemoembolization of hepatic neoplasms: safety, complications and when to worry. Radiographics 1999; 19: 399–414.
Further reading
Chung, J, Owen, RJ. Using inferior vena cava filters to prevent pulmonary embolism. Can Fam Physician 2008; 54: 49–55.