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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: May 2011

Case 70 - Permissivehypertension in a patient with von Willebrand's disease and a preexisting ventriculoperitoneal shunt

from Section I - Neuroanesthesia

Summary

Pediatric surgical patients present special anesthetic challenges including induction without intravenous (IV) access, a higher incidence of airway complications, and a greater incidence of hemodynamic instability due to surgical blood loss. Supratentorial tumors are the second most common location and include low-grade astrocytoma, malignant and mixed glioma, ependymoma, ganglioglioma, oligodendroglioma, choroid plexus tumor, and meningioma. This chapter presents a case study of a 8-year-old child presented with partial complex seizures characterized by staring spells accompanied by oral and manual automatisms. Preoperative evaluation (magnetic resonance imaging) demonstrated a non-enhancing heterogeneous lesion in the mesial aspect of the right temporal lobe consistent with lowgrade glial neoplasm. A neurologic assessment was performed after extubation and it showed no neurologic deficits. Subsequently the patient was transported to the pediatric intensive care unit where his recovery was satisfactory. Anticonvulsant medications should be continued and administered the day of surgery to prevent intraoperative and postoperative seizures.

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