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The Cambridge Companion to Pragmatism
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Book description

Pragmatism established a philosophical presence over a century ago through the work of Charles Peirce, William James and John Dewey, and has enjoyed an unprecedented revival in recent years owing to the pioneering efforts of Richard Rorty and Hilary Putnam. The essays in this volume explore the history and themes of classic pragmatism, discuss the revival of pragmatism and show how it engages with a range of areas of inquiry including politics, law, education, aesthetics, religion and feminism. Together they provide readers with an overview of the richness and vitality of pragmatist thinking and the influence that it continues to exert both in philosophy and other disciplines. The volume will be of interest to students and scholars of pragmatism, American philosophy and political theory.

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John Dewey

The standard critical edition of Dewey's works is The Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882–53 (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1969–91) in 37 volumes, edited by Jo Ann Boydston. These are cited as EW, MW and LW, followed by the volume then the page number. The electronic edition of the same title is edited by Larry Hickman.
The Early Works of John Dewey, 1882–1898, 15 vols: (1969–72)
The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899–1924, 5 vols (1976–88)
The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925–1953, 17 vols. (1981–91)

Individual works cited from this collected edition

  • ‘Analysis of Reflective Thinking’, LW8: 196–210.

  • ‘Anti-Naturalism in Extremis’, LW15: 46–63.

  • Art as Experience LW10:

  • ‘Context and Thought’, LW6: 3–21.

  • ‘Contributions to A Cyclopedia of Education’, MW7: 328.

  • ‘Creative Democracy: The Task before Us’, MW14: 224–30.

  • Democracy and Education, MW9.

  • ‘Democracy and Educational Administration’, MW9: 217.

  • ‘Democracy in Education’, MW3: 229–339.

  • ‘Democracy Is Radical’, LW11: 296–9.

  • ‘The Development of American Pragmatism’, LW2: 3–21.

  • ‘Education as Growth’, from Democracy and Education, MW9: 217.

  • ‘Ethical Principles underlying Education’, EW5: 54–83.

  • ‘Evolution and Ethics’, EW5: 34.

  • ‘The Evolutionary Method as Applied to Morality’, MW2: 3.‘

  • Experience and Nature, LW1: 3–17.

  • ‘Freedom and Culture’, MW2

  • How we Think, MW6: 105–352.

  • Human Nature and Conduct, MW14: 48.

  • ‘The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy’, MW4: 4.

  • Logic: The Theory of Inquiry, LW12

  • ‘The Lost Individual’, in Individualism Old and New, LW5

  • ‘My Philosophy of Law’, LW14: 115, 117

  • ‘The Need for a Recovery of Philosophy’, MW10, 3, 46.

  • ‘The New Psychology’, EW1: 56.

  • ‘The Pattern of Inquiry’ in Logic: The Theory of Inquiry, LW12.

  • The Public and its Problems, LW2: 235.

  • Psychology, EW2

  • The Quest for Certainty, LW4: 232.

  • Reality as Experience, EW3

  • Reconstruction in Philosophy, LW14: 115

  • ‘The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology’, EW5: 96–109.

  • ‘Search for the Great Community’, in The Public and its Problems, LW2

  • ‘Some Stages of Logical Thought’, MW1: 151–74.

  • Studies in Logical Theory, MW2

Other editions and cited works by Dewey

1898. ‘Evolution and Ethics’, Monist, p. 32.
1927. ‘Half-Hearted Naturalism’, Journal of Philosophy 24, pp. 57–64.
1929a. Experience and Nature. London: George Allen and Unwin.
1929b. The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action. London: Allen and Unwin.
1933. The Quest for Certainty. New York: Capricorn Books.
1934. A Common Faith. New Haven: Yale University Press.
1935. Liberalism and Social Action. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
1938. Logic: The Theory of Inquiry. New York: Henry Holt.
1949. ‘Experience and Existence: A Comment’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9, pp. 709–13.
1957. Reconstruction in Philosophy. Boston: Beacon Press.
1958a. Experience and Nature. Dover.
1958b. Art as Experience. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
1965. The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
1981. The Philosophy of John Dewey, ed. J. J. McDermott. University of Chicago Press.
1993. ‘The Need for a Recovery of Philosophy’, in Debra Morris and Ian Shapiro (eds.), John Dewey: The Political Writings. Hackett Publishing Company.
2002. The Varieties of Religious Experience. Centenary edn. London: Routledge.
2004a. ‘The Development of American Pragmatism’ in Malachowski, 2004a. vol. I.
2004b. ‘The Practical Character of Reality’, in Malachowski, 2004a, vol. I.
Dewey John (ed.), 1903. Studies in Logical Theory. University of Chicago Press.

Net resources

John Dewey
John Dewey Society
Center for Dewey Studies

William James

For a comprehensive collection of William James's work see The Works of William James, edited Frederick H. Burkhardt, Fredson Bowers and Ignas K. Skrupselis, in eighteen volumes (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1975–88).

Other editions cited

1884. ‘What is an Emotion?’, Mind 9, pp. 188–205.
1897. The Will to Believe. New York: Longman's Green and Co.
1948. Essays in Pragmatism. London: Macmillan.
1950. The Principles of Psychology, 2 vols. New York: Dover.
1955. ‘What Pragmatism Means’, in Pragmatism, 1975b.
1971. ‘Remarks on Spencer's Definition of Mind as Correspondence’, in Bruce Wilshire (ed.), William James: The Essential Writing. Harper & Row.
1975a. The Meaning of Truth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1975b. Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1976. Essays in Radical Empiricism, ed. F. Burkhardt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1977. A Pluralistic Universe. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
1979. ‘The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life’, in The Works of William James: The Will to Believe, ed. Frederick Burkhardt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1991. Pragmatism. New York: Prometheus Books.
1996a. Essays in Radical Empiricism. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.
1996b. ‘The Thing and its Relations’, in James, 1996a, pp. 92–122.
1996c. ‘A World of Pure Experience’, in James, 1996a, pp. 39–91.
1997. The Meaning of Truth: A Sequel to Pragmatism. New York: Prometheus Books.
1998. Pragmatism and The Meaning of Truth. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press
2002. The Varieties of Religious Experience. Centenary Edition, London: Routledge.
2004a. ‘The Practical Character of Reality’, in Malachoswki, 2004a.
2004b. ‘What Pragmatism Means by Practical’, in Malachowski, 2004a.
2005. ‘The Will to Believe’, in J. M. Capps and D. Capps (eds.), James and Dewey on Belief and Experience, pp. 95–110. Carbondale: University of Illinois Press.

Net resources

William James Society
William James Studies
William James Emory University

Charles Peirce

References to Peirce's work employ standard scholarly conventions for these writings. Material available in the Writings of Charles Peirce: A Chronological Edition (1931–60) is referred to as ‘W’ together with volume and page number (for example W3: 256). Material which is not available there but is in the Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce (1931–60) is referred to by ‘CP’ together with the volume and numbered section or page number. When material is available in The Essential Peirce (1998) references are also given to that work as ‘EP’ plus volume and page number.
1931–60. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, 8 vols., eds. C. Hartshorne, P. Weiss and A. Burks. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1982–. Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition, eds. M. Fisch, E. Moore, C. Kloesel, N. Houseret al. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
1998. The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings, eds. Nathan Houser and Christian Kloesel, 2 vols. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Works cited from these editions

  • ‘The Doctrine of Chances’. W3: ch. 62, EP1: 142–54 (ch. 9)

  • ‘The Fixation of Belief’. EP1: 109–23; W3: 242

  • ‘How to Make our Ideas Clear’. EP1: 124–41, W3.

  • ‘Issues of Pragmaticism’. EP2: 346 (ch. 25), CP5: 438.

  • Lectures on Pragmatism. EP2: 134, 135, CP5: 18, 19.

  • ‘Review of Dewey's Studies in Logical Theory’. CP8: 188–90.

  • ‘Some Consequence of Four Incapacities’. W3: 211–13, EP1: 28–9

  • What Pragmatism Is’. EP2: ch. 24.

Other works and editions

1877. ‘The Fixation of Belief’, Popular Science Monthly 12.
1878. ‘How to Make our Ideas Clear’, Popular Science Monthly 12, pp. 286–302 (, accessed October 2009).
1955. ‘Pragmatism in Retrospect: a Last Formulation’, in Buchler, pp. 269–89. New York: Dover.
1972a. ‘Issues of Pragmaticism’, in Charles S. Peirce: The Essential Writings, ed. Edward Moore. New York: Harper, p. 281.
1972b. ‘Question concerning Certain Faculties’, Charles S. Peirce: The Essential Writings, ed. Edward Moore. New York: Harper, p. 86.
1987. ‘Some Consequences of Four Incapacities’, in John Stuhr (ed.), Classical American Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.
1997. Pragmatism as a Principle and Method of Right Thinking, ed. Patricia Turrisi. Albany: State University of New York Press.
2004. ‘What Pragmatism Is’, in Malachowski, 2004a

Net resources

The Charles Peirce Society
Charles Peirce Studies
The Peirce Edition Project

Hilary Putnam

1988. ‘After Metaphysics, What?’, in Henrich and Horstmann, pp. 457–66.
1990. Realism with a Human Face. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1992. Renewing Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1994a. Words and Life. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
1994b. ‘A Comparison of Something with Something Else’, in Putnam, 1994a, pp. 334–50.
1995. Pragmatism: An Open Question. Oxford: Blackwell.
1999. The Threefold Cord. New York: Columbia University Press
2002. The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
2004a. ‘James's Theory of Truth’, in Malachowski, 2004a, vol. ii, pp. 124–39.
2004b. ‘The Uniqueness of Pragmatism’, Think 8, pp. 89–105.

W. V. O. Quine

1953. From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
1960. Word and Object. New York: MIT Press.
1969a. Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. New York: Columbia University Press
1969b. ‘Epistemology Naturalized’, in Quine, 1969a, pp. 69–90.
1969c. ‘Ontological Relativity’, in Quine, 1969a, pp. 26–68.
1970. Philosophy of Logic. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
1981a. Theories and Things. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
1981b. ‘On the Nature of Moral Values’, in Quine, 1981a, pp. 55–66.
1981c. ‘On the Very Idea of a Third Dogma’, in Quine, 1981a, pp. 38–42.
1985. The Time of my Life: An Autobiography. MIT Press.
1990. Pursuit of Truth. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
2004a. ‘Confessions of a Confirmed Extensionalist’, in Roger F. Gibson (ed.), Quintessence: Basic Readings from the PhilosophyCambridge MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 329–37.
2004b. ‘Truth by Convention’, in Roger F. Gibson (ed.), Quintessence: of W. V. Quine, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 3–21.
2004c. ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’, in Malachowski, 2004a, pp. 3–20.

Richard Rorty

1961. ‘Pragmatism, Categories, Language’, Philosophical Review 70, pp. 197–223.
1980. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton University Press.
1982a. Consequences of Pragmatism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
1982b. ‘Dewey's Metaphysics’, in Rorty 1982a, pp. 72–89.
1982c. ‘Pragmatism, Relativism, and Irrationalism’, in Rorty, 1982a, pp. 160–75.
1985. ‘Solidarity or objectivity?’ in J. Rajchman and C. West (eds.), Post-analytic Philosophy. Columbia University Press, pp. 3–19.
1989a. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge University Press.
1989b. ‘Education without Dogma’, Dissent (spring), pp. 198–204.
1990. ‘The Dangers of Over-Philosophication: Reply to Arcilla and Nicholson’, Educational Theory 40(1), pp. 41–4.
1991a. ‘The Banality of Pragmatism and the Poetry of Justice’, in Pragmatism in Law and Society, ed. Michael Brint and William Weaver. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp. 89–97.
1991b. Objectivity, Relativism and Truth: Philosophical Papers, vol. i. Cambridge University Press.
1991c. Essays on Heidegger and Other Philosophical Papers, vol. ii. Cambridge University Press.
1991d. ‘The Professor and the Prophet’, Transition 52.
1995. ‘Response to Gouinlock’, in Saatkamp, pp. 91–9.
1997a. Introduction to Sellars, 1997.
1997b. ‘Religious Faith, Intellectual Responsibility, and Romance’, in C. D. Hardwick and D. A. Crosby (eds.), Pragmatism, Neo-Pragmatism and Religion: Conversations with Richard Rorty. Peter Lang, pp. 3–24.
1998a. Truth and Progress: Philosophical Papers, vol. iii. Cambridge University Press.
1998b. ‘Dewey Between Hegel and Darwin’, in Rorty 1998a, pp. 290–306.
1998c. ‘Is Truth a Goal of Inquiry? Donald Davidson versus Crispin Wright’, in Rorty 1998a, pp. 43–62.
1999a. Philosophy and Social Hope. New York: Penguin Books.
1999b. ‘The Banality of Law and the Poetry of Justice’, in Rorty, 1999a.
1999c. ‘Relativism: Finding and Making’, in Rorty, 1999a
2000. ‘Universality and Truth’, in Robert Brandom (ed.), Rorty and His Critics, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 1–28.
2007a. Philosophy as Cultural Politics: Philosophical Papers, vol. iv. Cambridge University Press.
2007b. ‘Holism and Historicism’, in Rorty 2007a, pp. 176–83.
2007c. ‘Philosophy as a Transitional Genre’, in Rorty 2007a, pp. 89–104.
2007d. ‘Wittgenstein and the Linguistic Turn’, In Rorty 2007a, pp. 160–75.
2010a. ‘Philosophy as Science, as Metaphor, and as Politics’, in Voparil and Bernstein 2010, pp. 211–226.
2010b. ‘From Philosophy to Post-Philosophy: An Interview with Richard Rorty’, in Voparil and Bernstein, 2010. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 492–9.
Rorty, Richard (ed.), 1992. The Linguistic Turn: Essays in Philosophical Method. University of Chicago Press.

Works by other authors

Addams, Jane, 2002. Democracy and Social Ethics. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Akins, Kathleen, 1996. ‘Of Sensory Systems and the “Aboutness” of Mental States’, The Journal of Philosophy 93(7), pp. 337–72.
Alexander, Thomas M., 1987. John Dewey's Theory of Art, Experience, and Nature: The Horizons of Feeling. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Anderson, Douglas, 2009a. ‘Old Pragmatism, New Histories’, Journal of The History of Philosophy 7(4).
Anderson, Douglas, 2009b. ‘Peirce and Cartesian Rationalism’, in Shook and Margolis, pp. 154–65.
Aristotle, Poetics, in The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. J. Barnes, 1984, vol. ii, Princeton University Press, pp. 2316–40.
Aristotle, Metaphysics, trans. W. D. Ross, in The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation, vol. ii, book ix, chs. 6–9, pp. 1655–60.
Aristotle, Nichomachoan Ethics, in The complete works of Aristotle, 4 ed. J. Bames, 1984, vol. ii.
Arnheim, R., 1965. Art and Visual Perception. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Auxier, Randall E. and Hahn, Lewis Edwin (eds.), 2010. The Philosophy of Richard Rorty. La Salle, IL: Open Court.
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Baker, Gordon (ed.), 2003. The Voices of Wittgenstein: The Vienna Circle: Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Waismann, trans. Gordon Baker, Michael Mackert, John Connolly and Vasilis Politis. London: Routledge.
Baker, G. P. and Hacker, P. M. S., 1985. Rules, Grammar and Necessity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Baker, Lynne A., 2002. ‘Just Do It: Pragmatism and Progressive Social Change’, in Malachowski, 2002b, vol. ii, pp. 215–32.
Baldwin, T., 1990. G. E. Moore. London and New York: Routledge.
Barrett, Cyril (ed.), 1972. Lectures and Conversations in Aesthetics, Psychology, and Religious Belief. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Barzun, J., 1983. A Stroll with William James. New York: Harper and Row.
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Bergström, L. and Føllesdal, D., 2000. ‘Interview with Willard Van Orman Quine in November 1993’, in D. Føllesdal, Philosophy of Quine. Vol. I: General, Reviews, and Analytic/synthetic, New York: Garland Publishing, pp. 193–206.
Berleant, Arnold, 1991. Art and Engagement. Philadelphia, Temple University Press,
Bernstein, Richard J., 1964. ‘Peirce's Theory of Perception’, in E. C. Moore and R. Robins (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce, Second series. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, pp. 165–84.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1966. John Dewey. New York: Washington Square Press.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1971. Praxis and Action. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1983. Beyond Objectivism and Relativism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1988. ‘Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Healing of Wounds’, APA Presidential Address.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1992. The New Constellation: The Ethical-Political Horizons of Modernity/Postmodernity. MIT Press.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1995a. ‘American Pragmatism: The Conflict of Narratives’, in Saatkamp, 1995, pp. 54–67.
Bernstein, Richard J., 1995b. ‘Whatever Happened to Naturalism’, Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69(2), pp. 57–76.
Bernstein, Richard J., 2005. The Abuse of Evil: The Corruption of Politics and Religion since 9/11. Polity Press.
Bernstein, Richard J., 2010a. The Pragmatic Turn. Cambridge: Polity.
Bernstein, Richard J., 2010b. ‘Charles S. Peirce's Critique of Cartesianism’, in Bernstein, 2010a, pp. 32–52.
Boisvert, Raymond D., 1998. John Dewey: Rethinking Our Time. Albany: State University of New York Press.
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Brandom, Robert, 1994. Making it Explicit. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brandom, Robert, 1997. Study Guide in Sellars, 1997.
Brandom, Robert, 2000a. Articulating Reasons: An Introduction to Inferentialism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brandom, Robert, 2010. Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism. Oxford University Press.
Brandom, Robert (ed.), 2000b. Rorty and his Critics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Brodsky, Gary, 2004. ‘Rorty's Pragmatism’, in Malachowski, pp. 175–94.
Browning, Douglas, 1998. ‘Dewey and Ortega on the Starting Point’, Transactions of The Charles S. Peirce Society 34(1), pp. 69–92.
Browning, Douglas, 1999. ‘Understanding Dewey: Starting at the Starting Point’ (invited paper), XIV Congreso Interamericano de Filosofía, Puebla, Mexico.
Browning, Douglas, 2007. Introduction toLarry A Hickman (ed.), The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought, pp. ix–xxxii. Southern Illinois University Press.
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Burger, A. J. (ed.), 2001. The Ethics of Belief: Essays by William Kingdon Clifford, William James and A. J. Burger. Roseville, CA: Dry Bones Press.
Burke, T. 1994. Dewey's New Logic: A Reply to Russell. University of Chicago Press.
Bush, G. W., 1999. A Charge to Keep. New York: William Morrow.
Cahn, S. M., 1977. New Studies in the Philosophy of John Dewey. Hanover: The University Press of New England.
Campbell, James, 1995. Understanding John Dewey: Nature and Co- operative Intelligence. La Salle, IL: Open Court.
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Cavell, Stanley, 1988b. Themes out of School: Effects and Causes. Chicago University Press.
Cavell, Stanley, 1998c. ‘The Fact of Television’, in Cavell, 1998b, pp. 235–68.
Cavell, Stanley, 1990. Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome: The Constitution of Emersonian Perfectionism. Chicago University Press.
Cavell, Stanley, 1995. ‘Notes and Afterthoughts on the Opening of Wittgenstein's Investigations’, in Philosophical Passages: Wittgenstein, Emerson, Austin, Derrida. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 125–86.
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Damasio, Antonio R., 1995. Descartes’ Error: Reason and the Human Brain. New York: Harper Perennial.
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Davidson, Donald, 2006c. ‘What Metaphors Meant’, in Davidson, 2006a, pp. 209–24.
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Dobson, Andrew, 2000. Green Political Thought. London: Routledge.
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Greenspan, P. S., 1995. Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions and Social Norms. Oxford University Press.
Greenspan, P. S., 2004. ‘Emotions, Rationality and Mind/Body’, in Solomon, pp. 125–34.
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Hagberg, Garry, 1995a. ‘Apollo's Revenge: Music and Nietzsche's Twilight of the Idols’, Historical Reflections/Réflexions Historiques 21(3), pp. 437–49.
Hagberg, Garry, 1995b. Art as Language: Wittgenstein, Meaning, and Aesthetic Theory. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Hagberg, Garry, 1996a. Review, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54(3), pp. 295–7.
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