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Chapter 10 - Tetanus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 July 2018

Rachel L. Chin
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine
Bradley W. Frazee
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine
Zlatan Coralic
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

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References

References

Abrahamian, F. M. Management of tetanus: a review. Curr. Treat. Options Infect. Dis. 2001; 3: 209–16.Google Scholar
Abrahamian, F. M., Pollack, C. V., Lovecchio, F., et al. Fatal tetanus in a drug abuser with “protective” antitetanus antibodies. J. Emerg. Med. 2000; 18(2): 189–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Afshar, M., Raju, M., Ansell, D., et al. Narrative review: tetanus – a health threat after natural disasters in developing countries. Ann. Intern. Med. 2011; 154: 329–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 Years – United States, 2016. MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2016; 65(4): 86–7.Google Scholar
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Ergonul, O., Erbay, A., Eren, S., et al. Analysis of the case fatality rate of tetanus among adults in a tertiary hospital in Turkey. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 2003; 22(3): 188–90.Google Scholar
Ernst, M. E., Klepser, M. E., Fouts, M., et al. Tetanus: pathophysiology and management. Ann. Pharmacother. 1997; 31(12): 1507–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gergen, P. J., McQuillan, G. M., Kiely, M., et al. A population-based serologic survey of immunity to tetanus in the United States. N. Engl. J. Med. 1995; 332(12): 761–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hsu, S. S. and Groleau, G. Tetanus in the emergency department: a current review. J. Emerg. Med. 2001; 20(4): 357–65.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Saltoglu, N., Tasova, Y., Midikli, D., et al. Prognostic factors affecting deaths from adult tetanus. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 2004; 10(3): 229–33.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Santos, M. L., Mota-Miranda, A., Alves-Pereira, A., et al. Intrathecal baclofen for the treatment of tetanus. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2004; 38(3): 321–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Trujillo, M. H., Castillo, A., Espana, J., et al. Impact of intensive care management on the prognosis of tetanus. Chest 1987; 92(1): 63–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abrahamian, F. M. Tetanus: an update on an ancient disease. Infect. Dis. Clin. Pract. 2000; 9(6): 228–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Attygalle, D. and Rodrigo, N. New trends in the management of tetanus. Expert Rev. Anti-Infect. Ther. 2004; 2(1): 7384.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for the use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2013; 62(7): 131–5.Google Scholar
CDC. Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in adults aged 65 years and older – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2012; 61(25): 468–70.Google Scholar
Talan, D. A., Abrahamian, F. M., Moran, G. J., et al. Tetanus immunity and physician compliance with tetanus prophylaxis practices among emergency department patients presenting with wounds. Ann. Emerg. Med. 2004; 43(3): 305–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abrahamian, F. M. Tetanus: an update on an ancient disease. Infect. Dis. Clin. Pract. 2000; 9(6): 228–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Attygalle, D. and Rodrigo, N. New trends in the management of tetanus. Expert Rev. Anti-Infect. Ther. 2004; 2(1): 7384.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for the use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2013; 62(7): 131–5.Google Scholar
CDC. Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in adults aged 65 years and older – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2012; 61(25): 468–70.Google Scholar
Talan, D. A., Abrahamian, F. M., Moran, G. J., et al. Tetanus immunity and physician compliance with tetanus prophylaxis practices among emergency department patients presenting with wounds. Ann. Emerg. Med. 2004; 43(3): 305–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Additional Readings

Abrahamian, F. M. Tetanus: an update on an ancient disease. Infect. Dis. Clin. Pract. 2000; 9(6): 228–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Attygalle, D. and Rodrigo, N. New trends in the management of tetanus. Expert Rev. Anti-Infect. Ther. 2004; 2(1): 7384.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for the use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2013; 62(7): 131–5.Google Scholar
CDC. Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in adults aged 65 years and older – Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 2012; 61(25): 468–70.Google Scholar
Talan, D. A., Abrahamian, F. M., Moran, G. J., et al. Tetanus immunity and physician compliance with tetanus prophylaxis practices among emergency department patients presenting with wounds. Ann. Emerg. Med. 2004; 43(3): 305–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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