The epidemiological data on shigellosis in Teknaf, a coastal area of Bangladesh, were reviewed for a 10-year period (1975–84). Certain similarities and differences were observed in the epidemiology of the disease in Teknaf when compared with urban Dhaka and rural Matlab. Similarities included: round-the-year infection with two peaks, one in the monsoon period and the other in the winter period; high male to female attendance ratio at the treatment centre: the predominance of infection in the under-15-year age group; high mortality rate in the under-5-year age group of both sexes and in females of all age groups; the multiple drug resistance of organisms. Differences included the higher isolation rate of organisms in Teknaf (42·1 % as against 11–12% in Dhaka and Matlab) and the preponderance of Shigella dysenteriae 1 infection in females in Teknaf. The unusually high isolation rate of shigella makes Teknaf the area with the highest incidence of shigellosis in Bangladesh.