To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Simplification of the ion-beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) buffer architecture is one of the key issues for reduced manufacturing cost of second-generation superconducting wire production. In this work, we studied various radio frequency magnetron sputter deposition conditions for epitaxial growth of LaMnO3 (LMO) layers, with varying thicknesses, directly on IBAD-MgO without homo-epitaxial MgO layers. Performance of the simplified LMO/IBAD-MgO samples was qualified by pulsed-laser-deposited 1-μm-thick YBa2Cu3O7−δ (YBCO) coatings. Detailed property characterizations revealed that though the growth temperature has a substantial effect on the texture of LMO layers, neither LMO thickness nor different sputter gas compositions had a significant effect on the performance of YBCO films. The superconducting properties of YBCO on LMO/IBAD-MgO are found to be similar to those obtained on templates having homo-epitaxial MgO layers. The present results underscore the strong potential of LMO as a single cap layer directly on IBAD-MgO for the development of a simplified IBAD architecture.
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) is a well-developed deposition process that shows great promise for scaling up the production of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) to quickly fabricate useful lengths of superconducting tapes and wires.The primary advantage of MOCVD is its potential for high tape throughput, a key factor in determining the cost of second-generation HTS tapes.This article details progress in long-length HTS tape fabrication, high-throughput processing, and techniques to improve critical current levels in high magnetic fields.
Directional solidification has been shown to be a successful way of achieving high current densities in bulk YBCO. The lack of understanding of the growth kinetics, however, makes it difficult to fabricate longer samples and reduce the processing times. To study the growth kinetics, quenching experiments of undoped YBa2Cu3O7−x (Y-123) and Y-123 doped with Pt and Nd from above the peritectic temperature with different holding times, t, were conducted. The results of these experiments indicate that the average 211 particle size varies at t1/3. Growth rate experiments were also conducted on these samples to determine the maximum growth rate for plane front solidification, Rmax. This quantity was measured for undoped and doped Y-123, and it was found that the addition of Pt did not increase Rmax while the addition of Nd doubled the growth rate. Using the coarsening results together with the growth rate experiments, the diffusivity of Y in liquid and the 211-liquid interfacial energy for undoped and doped Y-123 were calculated.
TEM studies have been conducted on melt-textured YBa2Cu3Ox samples that were uniaxially and isostatically deformed at high temperatures and compared with those of undeformed samples. Dislocation pile-ups along  and  are found to be the common feature between undeformed samples with the best Jc and the uniaxially deformed samples, and are suggested to be responsible for enhanced pinning when the magnetic field (H) is applied parallel to the a-b plane. Dislocation loops, tangles, and arrays are also observed, and are considered to contribute to pinning in field orientations other than H ‖ a-b. In addition to these dislocations, 〈301〉 type partial dislocations are found to be present in isostatically deformed samples. The strain field around these dislocations is considered to be an additional source of pinning in the intermediate field orientations.
The critical current density of melt-textured YBa2Cu3Ox superconductor has been enhanced by mechanical deformation at a high temperature. Hot deformation at 45° to both the slip plane (001) and the slip directions / has resulted in a high density of dislocation loops and stacking faults. The deformed samples are found to exhibit a critical current density (Jc) at Hc-axis as high as that at Ha-b plane at 1.5 T and 77 K. A Jc of 35300 A/cm2 has been achieved at Hc (1.5 T and 77 K) which is twice as high as that observed in undeformed samples. The enhanced Jc in this magnetic field orientation is attributed to pinning by the defects created by mechanical deformation. This pinning mechanism is found to be effective over a wide angle between the magnetic field and the a-b plane and thus results in a marked reduction in the critical current anisotropy.
Dc magnetic field, temperature, and magnetic history dependencies of the millimeter-wave surface resistance have been measured in high quality grain-aligned and in polycrystalline YBa2Cu3Ox bulk material. The measurements were carried at 75 GHz using the endplate of the cavity replacement method. The data is interpreted in terms of the presence of intra- and inter-grain types of weak links. The values of characteristic critical fields of the bulk and the weak link junctions are determined and discussed.
A liquid phase processing method has been developed to fabricate oriented grained YBa2Cu30x samples with high current density. The current density in these samples, however, is sensitive to the microstructure which is controlled by processing parameters. Cooling rate through the peritectic temperature is found to be the most crucial factor in controlling the extent of grain orientation and in turn the bulk current carrying capacity. The evolution of the microstructure during the slow cooling process is studied by quench experiments at different temperatures. From microstructural analysis, the suitable temperature profile for the slow cooling process is chosen. Current density measurements across grains show a Jc in excess of 104 A/cm2. This implies that the weak link behavior of grain boundaries in polycrystalline superconductors can be suppressed to a considerable extent.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.