Staurosporine, Ro-31-7549, and KN-93, which are inhibitors of serine/threonine protein kinase, protein kinase C, and calcium-modulin kinase, respectively, were tested for their effects on the in vitro growth of Babesia bovis. Staurosporine was the most effective inhibitor, completely clearing the parasitaemia as early as the first day of exposure at a concentration of 100 μM. Moreover, staurosporine caused a significant increase in the percentage of extracellular merozoites, most likely due to the inhibition of erythrocyte invasion by the parasite. Although 5 mM Ro-31-7549 and KN-93 had a suppressive action, this was not enough to destroy the parasite. Interestingly, concentrations of 0·5 to 5 mM KN-93 influenced the parasitic development within the infected erythrocytes. The present study suggests that B. bovis requires, to a certain extent, the phosphorylations mediated by parasite- or host erythrocyte-protein kinases, in particular, for the processes of successful invasion of erythrocytes and intraerythrocytic development.