The management of uncontrolled partial epilepsy is a process dependent on a multidisciplinary and analytic approach. It is necessary to understand which lesions are epileptogenic, and if they are indeed responsible for the generation of seizures. In addition to localizing seizure onset, the functional and eloquent areas of the brain need to be identified. As in many other centres, we perform resective surgeries on the basis of combined information derived from seizure semiology, EEG abnormalities, neuroimaging and other tests of cerebral function. If surface EEG recording yields inconclusive or ambiguous results, then invasive intracranial techniques using intracerebral depth or subdural electrodes can be used to improve diagnostic or prognostic accuracy. The indications, principles, results and complications of these recording techniques based on extensive experience at two epilepsy surgery centres are reviewed.