The structural changes and magnetoresistance (MR) properties of as-grown and post-annealed La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 films were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). The data for the films were compared to that for bulk La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 post-annealed under the same conditions. The main structure of the as-grown films was face-centered pseudo-cubic with a doubled perovskite unit cell, of size ∼2ap × ∼2ap × 2ap, where ap is the single perovskite parameter. The phase showed a cube-on-cube epitaxy with the underlying LaAlO3 substrate. Upon annealing to a saturation point, a minor primitive pseudo-tetragonal structure evolved, of cell parameters . A total of four possible orientations of the two structures was observed by TEM, comprised of one orientation of the ∼ 2ap × ∼ 2ap × ∼ 2ap cell, i.e., the cube-on-cube epitaxy, giving rise to (00l) peaks in x-ray, and three orientations of the cell, giving rise to a single (00l)/(hk0) peak in x-ray. The bulk La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 sample also contains the × structure. The difference between the bulk and the film and the effects of annealing on films can be ascribed to the influence of strain between the film and substate, induced by lattice mismatch.