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Steinernema populi n. sp. was recovered by baiting from beneath poplar trees in China. Morphological and molecular features provided evidence for placing the new species into the Kushidai clade. The new species is characterized by the following morphological features: third-stage infective juveniles (IJ) with a body length of 1095 (973–1172) μm, a distance from the anterior end to excretory pore of 77 (70–86) μm and a tail length of 64 (55–72) μm. The Body length/Tail length (c) ratio and Anterior end to Excretory pore/ Tail length × 100 (E%) of S. populi n. sp. are substantially greater than those of all other ‘Feltiae–Kushidai–Monticolum’ group members. The first-generation males can be recognized by a spicule length of 66 (57–77) μm and a gubernaculum length of 46 (38–60) μm. The new species is further characterized by sequences of the internal transcribed spacer and partial 28S regions of the ribosomal DNA. Phylogenetic analyses show that Steinernema akhursti and Steinernema kushidai are the closest relatives to S. populi n. sp.
AgNPs@g-C3N4 composite was synthesized from Ag-containing sol and g-C3N4 powder by the ultrasonic-assisted self-assembly method. The composite has hierarchical pore size distributions, which will be beneficial to the ion transport with different size. Ag nanoparticles with the size of 5 nm successfully adhere on the surface of g-C3N4. The AgNPs@g-C3N4 composite has excellent specific capacitance and specific power performance for the supercapacitors as an electrode material. The specific capacitance of composite is 4 times greater than that of g-C3N4. It can be ascribed to the introduction of Ag nanoparticles that the internal resistance of the composite is significantly decreased.
Palladium hydrides have important applications. However, the complex Pd–H alloy system presents a formidable challenge to developing accurate computational models. In particular, the separation of a Pd–H system to dilute (α) and concentrated (β) phases is a central phenomenon, but the capability of interatomic potentials to display this phase miscibility gap has been lacking. We have extended an existing palladium embedded-atom method potential to construct a new Pd–H embedded-atom method potential by normalizing the elemental embedding energy and electron density functions. The developed Pd–H potential reasonably well predicts the lattice constants, cohesive energies, and elastic constants for palladium, hydrogen, and PdHx phases with a variety of compositions. It ensures the correct hydrogen interstitial sites within the hydrides and predicts the phase miscibility gap. Preliminary molecular dynamics simulations using this potential show the correct phase stability, hydrogen diffusion mechanism, and mechanical response of the Pd–H system.
Radio frequency (RF) diode sputtering has been used for the growth of giant magnetoresistive (GMR) metal multilayers. Control of the atomic-scale structure of the surfaces and interfaces within these films is critical for GMR applications. A systematic series of experiments have been conducted to evaluate the dependence of the magnetotransport properties upon the growth conditions (i.e. background pressure, input power) for NiFeCo/CoFe/CuAgAu spin valves during RF diode sputter deposition. By using computational fluid dynamics, plasma, molecular dynamics, and various Monte Carlo techniques, a multiscale modeling approach has investigated the atomic assembly events during film growth. Energetic metal atoms and inert gas ion fluxes are shown to have very strong effects upon interfacial structures. The insights gained have led to novel deposition strategy propopositions for interface morphology control.
Soft x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy provides an element and angular momentum selective measure of the valence band density of states in complex materials. Results are presented demonstrating the use of SXF both as a means of solving materials problems and as a means of increasing our fundamental understanding of low energy excitation processes in various types of materials. As examples of materials applications, we discuss the L2,3 spectra of Si in various environments, and describe radiation damage studies in Beryl. Fundamental new insights are provided by the study of SXF spectra excited near an x-ray threshold. For such excitation, recent work demonstrates that an electronic Raman scattering process can greatly modify the normal fluorescence spectrum. We discuss near threshold studies of graphite, h-BN and NiS to demonstrate that the nature of the electronic excitation processes differs dramatically in various classes of materials and provides important new insights into their properties.
FI Lyr=IRAS18401+2854 is listed in the GCVS as type of SRb, the spectral type is M. In the IRAS LRS Catalog it is classified as 41, namely having the SiC feature at 11.3μm from a carbon-rich dust shell. We have obtained optical and near infrared spectra in the same period, but they show different chemical natures. We suggest that FI Lyr is a good candidate of a binary system consisting of carbon-rich and oxygen-rich companions.
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