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The purpose of the current study was to develop a validated FFQ to evaluate the intake of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) in child and adolescent Asian populations.
Intensive and overall market research was performed to create the applicable NNS-FFQ with thirteen food categories and 305 items. Six intense sweeteners, including acesulfame potassium, aspartame, sucralose, glycyrrhizin, steviol glycosides and sorbitol, were investigated. The validity and reproducibility of the NNS-FFQ were evaluated. The validity was further assessed by examining the consistency of reported NNS intake compared with urinary biomarkers using Cohen’s κ analysis.
This work was considered to be relevant in Asian societies.
One hundred and two children and adolescents recruited from several clinics were invited to participate in the current study.
High content validity indices and high content validity ratio levels were revealed for each sweetener and food category. Reproducibility among subjects was satisfactory. Significant moderate correlations between estimated steviol glycoside/sucralose consumption and sensitive urinary biomarker levels were demonstrated (κ values were 0·59 and 0·45 for steviol glycosides and sucralose, respectively), indicating that the NNS-FFQ can be used to assess an individual’s NNS intake. The dietary intense sweetener consumption pattern evaluated in this measurement was similar to those observed in other Asian countries but differed from those observed in Western populations with respect to types and amounts of NNS.
This validated NNS-FFQ can be an applicable and useful tool to evaluate NNS intake in future epidemiological and clinical studies.
Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) of the sinonasal tract is uncommon. Morphologically and radiographically, sinonasal lymphomas are difficult to distinguish fromother malignant neoplasms or non-neoplastic processes. However, there is no general consensus about the need of routine histopathological examination for nasal polyps among otolaryngologists. We present a case of primary sinonasal NHL mimicking chronic hinosinusitis and debate the issue of routine histopathological examination. We suggest that all tissues removed from the sinonasal tract during surgery must be submitted for histopathological examination. Failure to do so may miss diagnosis and delay appropriate treatment.
Novel resorbable bioglassceramic artificial tooth roots based on calcium biphosphate were synthesized, implanted into rabbits, and assessed. They were prepared by melting a glass composition of CaO/(CaO+P205) = 0.33, casting, crushing, loose powder sintering and crystallization annealing. The resultant porosity is 3 to 36 μm. The three point bending strength is 33 to 150 MPa depending on annealing treatment. The crystallized phases are β-Ca2P2O7 and CaP206. These porous implants show remarkable biocompatibility with the old bone and induce the growth of new bone within 30 days. The implants are partly resorbed after 90 days and replaced by new bone. The ingrowth of blood vessels into the implant is abundantly seen after 90 days despite a small original porosity, due probably to enlarged pores by preferential resorption of the implant material. The new ceramics are good candidates for resorbable bone bioimplant.
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