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Glycemic control for elderly diabetics is a challenge. Treatment satisfaction reflects this control.
To determine the factors associated with insulin treatment satisfaction among type 2 diabetic elderly.
A cross-sectional study on 86 type 2 diabetic insulin dependent elderly recruited from the outpatient endocrinology consultation during June and July 2021. We applied the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQ) and geriatric assessment scores.
Three quarters of the patients were satisfied with the insulin therapy. Satisfied patients had significantly less history of hospitalization and more regular follow-up. Diabetic neuropathy medications were significantly less taken by satisfied patients. The number of daily insulin injections was significantly higher in the unsatisfied patients. Diabetic foot was significantly more frequent in unsatisfied patients. Satisfied patients were significantly less depressed, more independent in both basic and instrumental activities of daily living, without memory impairment, in better nutritional status and not falling. Higher DTSQ scores were associated with regular follow up (β 7.92, 95% CI 1.83 to 34.3). Lower DTSQ scores were associated with the history of hospitalization (β 0.12, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.58), the taking of medications for diabetic neuropathy (β 0.07, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.51), the high number of insulin injections (β 0.43, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.97) and the presence of diabetic foot (β 0.17, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.38).
Risk factors for patients’ insulin dissatisfaction should be detected early and managed appropriately to improve patients’satisfaction and consequently their well-being.
Although depression is one of the most common diseases among older people, it is still underdiagnosed due to frequent misleading symptoms.
The aims of our study were to assess depression in type 2 diabetic insulin-dependent older adults and to identify factors associated with depression among this population.
A cross-sectional study on 100 type 2 diabetic insulin-dependent elderly recruited from the outpatient endocrinology consultation during June and July 2021. We applied the geriatric assessment scores: the Geriatric Depression Scale 15-item, the KATS score, the Lawton scale. the five-word test, the Mini Nutritional Assessment and the Timed Up and Go test.
The mean age of the population was 70.8±5.8 years with sex ratio of 0.85. Depression was noted among 57% of the patients who were distributed as follow: around one fifth (21%) had mild depression while 36% had moderate to severe depression. Around one quarter of the patients (24%) were dependent in the basic activities of daily living. Depression was significantly associated with dependency (β = 5.27; 95% CI, 1.01 to 27.35), ophthalmologic diseases (β = 8.81; 95% CI, 2.18 to 35.63), high frequency of nocturia (β = 3.71; 95% CI, 1.24 to 11.05) and high frequency of bleeding at insulin injection site (β = 4.21; 95% CI, 1.49 to 11.84).
Our findings suggest that the prevalence of depression is high among type 2 diabetic insulin-dependent older adults. Early assessment of depression’s risk factors is a major pillar of the comprehensive care of our seniors.
The term “Sexual and Gender Minorities” includes lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex and/or asexual populations. It was introduced in the MeSH Database in 2018. Mental health research on sexual and gender minority populations is gaining momentum.
To describe mental disorders among sexual and gender minorities.
This is a review of the literature via Medline. The database was searched using the keyword combination “sexual gender minorities” OR “homosexuality” OR “bisexuality” OR “transgender persons” OR “intersex persons” AND “mental disorders”. The filters applied were Full text, Meta-Analysis, Systematic Review and in the last 5 years.
A total of 59 articles were included. The lowest rates of depression and anxiety were reported among heterosexual people. Depressive symptoms, suicidality, interpersonal trauma exposure, substance use disorders, anxiety, and general distress have been consistently elevated among transgender and gender non-conforming people. Among transgender people, the prevalence of binge drinking ranged from 7%-61%. Depression was the most frequent mental disorder among sexual minority men (43.2%) followed by anxiety (32.2%), suicidal ideation (21.2%), suicide plans (6.2%) and suicide attempts (7.3%). Eating disorders were more frequent among sexual minority women compared with heterosexual peers. Compared with heterosexual youth, sexual minority youth had 123% to 623% higher odds of lifetime substance use, 82% to 317% higher odds of depressive symptoms and suicidality and 20% to 280% higher odds of violence victimization.
The prevalence of mental disorders is high among sexual and gender minorities for whom mental health prevention and treatment programs are needed.
No significant relationships.
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