In the present work, the Li2ZnTi3O8 ceramics were prepared via the solid-state reaction method, afterward annealed at 800 °C in a time variation from 4 to 20 h. The ordering, microstructures and dielectric properties were investigated using x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, network analyzer, and Raman spectroscopy. The most significant enhancement of quality factor is obtained in the sample annealed for 20 h, while the dielectric constant and temperature coefficient of resonant frequency change slightly. This result mainly attributes to the enhancement of ordering, which could be related to the increase in the Zn–O bond strength in ZnO4 tetrahedra. Meanwhile, the full-width at half-maximum of A1g mode decreased with higher annealing time, which suggested less variation in the Zn–O bond length and a higher degree of ordering. The best combination of microwave dielectric characteristic is obtained in the sample annealed at 800 °C for 20 h: Q × f = 112,400 GHz, εr = 24.500, and τf = −11 ppm/°C.