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Preparing your materials

Policy on prior publication

When authors submit manuscripts to this journal, these manuscripts should not be under consideration, accepted for publication or in press within a different journal, book or similar entity, unless explicit permission or agreement has been sought from all entities involved. However, deposition of a preprint on the author’s personal website, in an institutional repository, or in a preprint archive shall not be viewed as prior or duplicate publication. Authors should follow the Cambridge University Press Preprint Policy regarding preprint archives and maintaining the version of record. 

Preparing your article for submission

Beneath article title and author(s) name(s) provide name of academic (or other) institution/attachment together with its full address. Also supply on a separate line the contactable email address.

Check that the article’s Abstract is present after the above and follow the Abstract with a maximum of five Keywords in alphabetical order.

Harvard-based style:

NB: There are no separate footnotes in this style.

Headings: Use Roman numerals in the A head. Do not use numbers or letters in the B and C heads. Keep to the three levels as below:

<A head> I. Introduction

<B head> International terrorism as a trigger for ‘bad’ norm dynamics

<C head> Securitization theory: Security speech and its context. [Text continues]

References (main text): In main text separate references with semi-colons e.g. (Dunoff and Trachtman, eds 2009; Klabbers, Peters, and Ulfstein 2009; Krisch 2010). Separate date from page reference with colon e.g. (Gerring et al. 2005: 336). When quoting page ranges elide numbers and combine with an en dash not hyphen e.g. (Smith 2008: 427–29).

Quotation marks: In main text use single quotation marks and double quotation marks within single quotation marks e.g. As Michael Williams notes: ‘Any issue is capable of securitization if it can be intensified to the point where it is presented and accepted as an "existential threat"’ (2003: 516).

Superscripts: Only use to refer to footnote and place outside punctuation e.g. From the Rousseauian point of view, the latter duty is the exclusive ‘virtue of sovereigns’,33 and since (as above) a global sovereign seems an unlikely prospect, concern for overall condition remains a purely domestic affair, as arguably reflected in the fact that even committed cosmopolitans focus today on much more minimal goals.34

Abbreviations: e.g., i.e., vs., cf. but ed, eds, edn (no full points).

Acknowledgements: Place at end of text under separate A head and before their competing interests declaration (not in footnotes).

Reference section: Ensure that references in the main text are included in the Reference section together with full citation detail. Similarly check that all references in the Reference section are referred to in the main text. Please do not use author name placeholders in the reference list, names need to be spelled out in each occurrence.

Book-style references:

Dworkin, Ronald. 2000. Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Aiko, Yuichi. 2006. "Rousseau and Saint-Pierre’s Peace Project: A Critique of ‘History of International Relations Theory’." In Classical Theory in International Relations, edited by Beate Jahn, 96–120. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Journal-style references:

Perry, Glenn E. 2006. "Imperial Democratization: Rhetoric and Reality." Arab Studies Quarterly 28(3):55–88.

NB: Insert journal issue number in brackets after volume number, where appropriate.

Internet/website references:

Working Paper available at: .

Press Release, October 9, 2009, at:.

Enclose URL in angle brackets. Please do not include 'recently accessed' dates in website references.

Chicago-based style:

NB: All notes, citations (book/journal/cases) are contained in the footnotes. There is no separate Reference section.

Headings: Use Roman numerals in the A head. Do not use numbers or letters in the B and C heads. Keep to the three levels as below:

<A head> Introduction

<B head> Methodological orientation

<C head> Securitization theory: Security speech and its context. [Text continues]

Quotation marks: In main text and footnotes use single quotation marks and double quotation marks within single quotation marks e.g. As Michael Williams notes: ‘Any issue is capable of securitization if it can be intensified to the point where it is presented and accepted as an "existential threat"’.

Superscripts: Only use to refer to particular footnote and place outside punctuation for example:

In turn, sovereignty, even when portrayed today as ‘challenged’ and ‘transformed’, for example by the rise in importance of non-state actors, claiming new subjectivity in international law1 or driving constitutional rights creation in parts of Asia,2 still tends to hide the underlying dynamics of inclusion and exclusion, the stark divide between ‘core’ and ‘periphery’3 and the persistent discrimination of the ‘other’.

Acknowledgements: Place at end of text with separate A head (not in footnotes).

Abbreviations: e.g., i.e., vol. but p, pp, para(s), art, ed, eds, edn, vs (no full points).


When quoting page ranges elide numbers and combine with an en dash not hyphen e.g. Yishai Blank, ‘Localism in the Global Legal Order’ (2006) 47 Harvard International Law Journal 263–81.

When quoting publication cited in earlier footnote, refer to prior note number, for example: 45 See (n 33) 695–707.

Case citation examples:

See interpretative controversies in LG&E Energy Corp v Argentina, Decision on Liability, ICSID Case No ARB/02/1 (3 October 2006); LG&E Energy Corp v Argentina, Award, ICSID Case No ARB/02/1 (July 25, 2007); Cont’l Cas Co v Argentina, Award, ICSID Case No ARB/03/9, Sept 5, 2008; Sempra Energy International v Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/16, Decision on the Argentine Republic’s Request for Annulment of the Award, 29 June 2010; Enron v Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/3, Decision on the Argentine Republic’s Request for Annulment of the Award, 30 July 2010.

Book-style references:

AI Gavil, WE Kovacic and JB Baker, Antitrust Law in Perspective: Cases, Concepts, and Problems in Competition Policy (2nd edn, Thomson/West, St Paul, 2008) 88.

TE Kauper and EA Snyder, ‘Private Antitrust Cases that Follow on Government Cases’ in LJ White (ed), Private Antitrust Litigation: New Evidence, New Learning (MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1988) 329.

Journal-style references:

O Kahn-Freund, ‘On Uses and Misuses of Comparative Law’ (1974) 37 Modern Law Review 1, 12.

JJ Spengler, ‘Vertical Integration and Antitrust Policy’ (1950) 58 The Journal of Political Economy 347–52; LG Telser, ‘Why Should Manufacturers Want Fair Trade?’ (1960) 3 Journal of Law and Economics 86–105.

Internet/website references:

See International Court of Justice, Case Concerning Ahmadou Sadio Diallo (Republic of Guinea v. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Preliminary Objections of 24 May 2007), available at

Enclose URL in angle brackets. Please do not include 'recently accessed' dates in website references.

Abstract and Keywords Preparation

For guidance on how to prepare your Abstracts and Keywords, please refer to these guidelines.

How to prepare your materials for anonymous peer review

To ensure a fair and anonymous peer review process, authors should not allude to themselves as the authors of their article in any part of the text. This includes citing their own previous work in the references section in such a way that identifies them as the authors of the current work.

Please refer to our general guidelines on how to anonymise your manuscript prior to submission.

English language editing services 

Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This step is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the Editor and any reviewers.  

In order to help prospective authors to prepare for submission and to reach their publication goals, Cambridge University Press offers a range of high-quality manuscript preparation services – including language editing – delivered in partnership with American Journal Experts. You can find out more on our Language Services page.

Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal. 

Tables and Artwork

Please refer to the following guidance about preparing artwork and graphics for submission.

Seeking permissions for copyrighted material

If your article contains any material in which you do not own copyright, including figures, charts, tables, photographs or excerpts of text, you must obtain permission from the copyright holder to reuse that material. Guidance on how to do that can be found here.

Competing Interests

All authors must include a competing interest declaration in their title page. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article.

Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations.

If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. 

Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author 1 is employed at organisation A, Author 2 is on the Board of company B and is a member of organisation C. Author 3 has received grants from company D.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”. 

Ethics and Transparency Policy Requirements

Please ensure that you have reviewed the journal’s Publishing ethics policies while preparing your materials. 

Please also ensure that you have read the journal’s Research transparency policy prior to submission. We encourage the use of a Data Availability Statement at the end of your article before the reference list. Guidance on how to write a Data Availability Statement can be found here. Please try to provide clear information on where the data associated with you research can be found and avoid statements such as “Data available on request”.

A list of suggested data repositories can be found here.

Research with Human Participants

Please see here for Global Constitutionalism’s policy on Research with Human Participants. This policy outlines the procedures and expectations for researchers submitting manuscripts to Global Constitutionalism that involve human participants. Authors are required to address the ethical considerations related to obtaining informed consent and demonstrate compliance with ethical standards in their submission.

Authorship and contributorship

All authors listed on any papers submitted to this journal must be in agreement that the authors listed would all be considered authors according to disciplinary norms, and that no authors who would reasonably be considered an author have been excluded. For further details on this journal’s authorship policy, please see this journal's publishing ethics policies.

Author affiliations

Author affiliations should represent the institution(s) at which the research presented was conducted and/or supported and/or approved. For non-research content, any affiliations should represent the institution(s) with which each author is currently affiliated. 

For more information, please see our author affiliation policy and author affiliation FAQs.

Funding statement

A declaration of sources of funding must be provided if appropriate. Authors must state the full official name of the funding body and grant numbers specified. Authors must specify what role, if any, their financial sponsors played in the design, execution, analysis and interpretation of data, or writing of the study. If they played no role this should be stated. 

Supplementary materials

Material that is not essential to understanding or supporting a manuscript, but which may nonetheless be relevant or interesting to readers, may be submitted as supplementary material. Supplementary material will be published online alongside your article, but will not be published in the pages of the journal. Types of supplementary material may include, but are not limited to, appendices, additional tables or figures, datasets, videos, and sound files.

Supplementary materials will not be typeset or copyedited, so should be supplied exactly as they are to appear online. Please see our general guidance on supplementary materials for further information.

Where relevant we encourage authors to publish additional qualitative or quantitative research outputs in an appropriate repository, and cite these in manuscripts.


We require all corresponding authors to identify themselves using ORCID when submitting a manuscript to this journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration with key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you have authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

See our ORCID FAQs for more information.

If you don’t already have an iD, you will need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to this journal. You can register for one directly from your user account on ScholarOne, or alternatively via

If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting your manuscript, either by linking it to your ScholarOne account, or by supplying it during submission using the "Associate your existing ORCID iD" button.

ORCIDs can also be used if authors wish to communicate to readers up-to-date information about how they wish to be addressed or referred to (for example, they wish to include pronouns, additional titles, honorifics, name variations, etc.) alongside their published articles. We encourage authors to make use of the ORCID profile’s “Published Name” field for this purpose. This is entirely optional for authors who wish to communicate such information in connection with their article. Please note that this method is not currently recommended for author name changes: see Cambridge’s author name change policy if you want to change your name on an already published article. See our ORCID FAQs for more information. 

Use of artificial intelligence (AI) tools

We acknowledge the increasing use of artificial intelligence (AI) tools in the research and writing processes. To ensure transparency, we expect any such use to be declared and described fully to readers, and to comply with our plagiarism policy and best practices regarding citation and acknowledgements. We do not consider artificial intelligence (AI) tools to meet the accountability requirements of authorship, and therefore generative AI tools such as ChatGPT and similar should not be listed as an author on any submitted content.

In particular, any use of an AI tool:

  • to generate images within the manuscript should be accompanied by a full description of the process used, and declared clearly in the image caption(s).
  • to generate text within the manuscript should be accompanied by a full description of the process used, include appropriate and valid references and citations, and be declared in the manuscript’s Acknowledgements.
  • to analyse or extract insights from data or other materials, for example through the use of text and data mining, should be accompanied by a full description of the process used, including details and appropriate citation of any dataset(s) or other material analysed in all relevant and appropriate areas of the manuscript.
  • must not present ideas, words, data, or other material produced by third parties without appropriate acknowledgement or permission.

Descriptions of AI processes used should include at minimum the version of the tool/algorithm used, where it can be accessed, any proprietary information relevant to the use of the tool/algorithm, any modifications of the tool made by the researchers (such as the addition of data to a tool’s public corpus), and the date(s) it was used for the purpose(s) described. Any relevant competing interests or potential bias arising as a consequence of the tool/algorithm’s use should be transparently declared and may be discussed in the article.


Authors can use this section to acknowledge and thank colleagues, institutions, workshop organisers, family members, etc. that have helped with the research and/or writing process. It is important that that any type of funding information or financial support is listed under ‘Financial Support’ rather than Acknowledgements so that it can be recorded separately (see Funding statement above).

We are aware that authors sometimes receive assistance from technical writers, language editors, artificial intelligence (AI) tools, and/or writing agencies in drafting manuscripts for publication. Such assistance must be noted in the cover letter and in the Acknowledgements section, along with a declaration that the author(s) are entirely responsible for the scientific content of the paper and that the paper adheres to the journal’s authorship policy. Failure to acknowledge assistance from technical writers, language editors, AI tools and/or writing agencies in drafting manuscripts for publication in the cover letter and in the Acknowledgements section may lead to disqualification of the paper. Examples of how to acknowledge assistance in drafting manuscripts:

  • “The author(s) thank [name and qualifications] of [company, city, country] for providing [medical/technical/language] writing support/editorial support [specify and/or expand as appropriate], which was funded by [sponsor, city, country]."
  • “The author(s) made use of [AI system/tool] to assist with the drafting of this article. [AI version details] was accessed/obtained from [source details] and used with/without modification [specify and/or expand as appropriate] on [date(s)].

Author Hub

You can find guides for many aspects of publishing with Cambridge at Author Hub, our suite of resources for Cambridge authors.