Skip to main content Accessibility help
Preparing your materials

Policy on prior publication

When authors submit manuscripts to this journal, these manuscripts should not be under consideration, accepted for publication or in press within a different journal, book or similar entity, unless explicit permission or agreement has been sought from all entities involved. However, deposition of a preprint on the author’s personal website, in an institutional repository, or in a preprint archive shall not be viewed as prior or duplicate publication. Authors should follow the Cambridge University Press Preprint Policy regarding preprint archives and maintaining the version of record. 

Preparing your Manuscript

1. General guidelines: Manuscripts should have a 12-point font, 2.54 cm (1 inch) margins on all sides, with double spacing throughout, including the references. Tables can be single or 1.5 spaced. Paragraphs should be indented, except following a section heading.

The first page of the manuscript should be a title page containing: the name and affiliation of all authors; a designated corresponding author and their email address; an abstract of not more than 150 words; keywords; and the appropriate JEL classification numbers.

The entire manuscript including the title page, text, footnotes, references, tables and figures, should generally not exceed 36 pages. Additional supplementary material can be submitted in a separate file or files.

2. Tables should be numbered sequentially (using 1, 2, 3, etc.). The text should include references to all tables and each table should be placed in the manuscript at the point where it is first mentioned. The table title should be placed above the table; any explanatory notes should be placed below the table.

Do not use asterisks or bold font to denote significance of estimation results. Report the standard errors in parentheses.

3. Figures should be numbered sequentially (using 1, 2, 3, etc.). The text should include references to all figures and each figure should be placed in the manuscript at the point where it is first mentioned. Each figure should have a caption below it; any explanatory notes should be placed below the caption.

Figure quality should be high enough for direct reproduction and designed to allow a reduction of 50%. The print journal does not publish colour figures.

4. References - Full details of all publications cited in the text should be given in a list of references following the main text. Publications that are not cited in the text should not be included in the references. References should have a hanging indentation.

In the main text, refer to the author’s name and year of publication, separated by a comma (Smith, 2013). If there are more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by ‘et al.’ (Smith et al., 2014). If two or more references are cited together in the text, they should be arranged chronologically and separated with semicolons (Sorensen et al., 2007; Goring, 2010; Krusell and Smith, 2017). Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2005a, 2005b, etc. Personal communications should be cited in the text as e.g. ‘(G. McNeal, personal communication, 2006)’ but not included in the list of references.

Use the following style for references:

Journal articles Barbier EB (2010) Poverty, development and environment. Environment and Development Economics 15(6), 635–660.

Heltberg R, Arndt TC and Sekhar NU (2000) Fuelwood consumption and forest degradation: a household model for domestic energy substitution in rural India. Land Economics 76(2), 213–232.

Books Mäler K-G (1974), Environmental Economics: A Theoretical Inquiry. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Press for Resources for the Future, Inc.

Bradley P and Huby M (1993) Woodfuel, Women and Woodlots. London: Macmillan.

Articles in edited work Pizer WA and Kopp R (2005) Calculating the costs of environmental regulation. In Mäler K-G and Vincent JR (eds). Handbook of Environmental Economics, vol. 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 1308–1344.

Gerber N, Nkonya E and von Braun J (2014) Land degradation, poverty and marginality. In von Braun J and Gatzweiler FW (eds). Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Berlin: Springer, pp. 181–202.

Online sources Food and Agriculture Organization (2010) Deforestation and Net Forest Area Change. Available at

World Wide Fund for Nature (2007) Dirty thirty: ranking of the most polluting power plants in Europe. Available at

Working papers Dasgupta S, Huq M, Khan ZH, Ahmed MMZ, Mukherjee N, Khan MF and Pandey K (2010) Vulnerability of Bangladesh to cyclones in changing climate: potential damages and adaptation cost. Policy Research Working Paper 5280, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Chambers R and Conway G (1992) Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st Century. Discussion Paper No. 296, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex.

Proceedings Slent C and Brown JR (2008) Modelling the dynamics of coupled human and natural systems. Paper presented at the International Workshop on Rural Poverty Reduction, 2–3 April 2008, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Thesis Brown DR (2004) A spatiotemporal model of forest cover dynamics and household land use decisions by subsistence farmers in Southern Cameroon. Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Do not abbreviate the titles of periodicals. Publications in languages other than English should indicate the language in parentheses at the end of the entry. For example: (in Spanish).

5. Equations should be clearly written, with the meaning of all symbols explained immediately after the equation in which they are first used. Greek letters and mathematical symbols should be italicised in the equations and in the text.

Equation number equations should appear on the right-hand side in parentheses, using (1), (2), (3), etc., but only equations referred to in the text need to be numbered.

6. Footnotes should only be used when essential, and kept as short as possible. Footnotes should be numbered in superscript in the text, following any punctuation.

7. Copyright - Submission of an article or other item implies that it has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to reproduce any material (in both print and electronic media) for which they do not own copyright, and for ensuring that the appropriate acknowledgements are included in their manuscript. Authors of articles published in the journal sign a license to publish with Cambridge University Press (with certain rights reserved).

Further information can be obtained from the journal’s Assistant Editor at:

Dimi Xepapadeas, Assistant Editor 

Environment and Development Economics 


Competing Interests

All authors must include a competing interest declaration in their main manuscript file. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article. 

Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations. 

If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. 

Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author 1 is employed at organisation A, Author 2 is on the Board of company B and is a member of organisation C. Author 3 has received grants from company D.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”. 

English language editing services 

Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This step is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the Editor and any reviewers.  

In order to help prospective authors to prepare for submission and to reach their publication goals, Cambridge University Press offers a range of high-quality manuscript preparation services – including language editing – delivered in partnership with American Journal Experts. You can find out more on our Language Services page.

Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal. 

Author affiliations

Author affiliations should represent the institution(s) at which the research presented was conducted and/or supported and/or approved. For non-research content, any affiliations should represent the institution(s) with which each author is currently affiliated. 

For more information, please see our author affiliation policy and author affiliation FAQs.

Authorship and contributorship

All authors listed on any papers submitted to this journal must be in agreement that the authors listed would all be considered authors according to disciplinary norms, and that no authors who would reasonably be considered an author have been excluded. For further details on this journal’s authorship policy, please see this journal's publishing ethics policies.

Author Hub

You can find guides for many aspects of publishing with Cambridge at Author Hub, our suite of resources for Cambridge authors.