Advance care planning (ACP) is a process to understand and communicate one’s wishes, values, and preferences for future medical care. As part of the Choosing Wisely Canada “Time to Talk” initiative, the Canadian Neurological Society (CNS) endorsed the creation of a working group to propose ACP recommendations for patients with neurological illness. A narrative review of primary literature on ACP in neurological and non-neurological illness, medical society guidelines, and publications by patient advocacy groups was conducted. Eight ACP recommendations were deemed relevant and important to Canadian neurology practice and were approved by the CNS Board of Directors. The recommendations are meant to serve as guidance for Canadian neurologists, to stimulate discussion about ACP within the Canadian neurology community, and to encourage neurologists to engage in ACP conversations with their patients.