Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-pcn4s Total loading time: 2.848 Render date: 2022-05-25T20:40:44.554Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

from Part IX - Developmental pathology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 October 2017

Brian Hopkins
Lancaster University
Elena Geangu
Lancaster University
Sally Linkenauger
Lancaster University
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2017

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Henderson, J., Kesmodel, U., & Gray, R. (2007). Systematic review of the fetal effects of prenatal binge drinking. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 10691073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mattson, S.N., & Riley, E.P. (1998). A review of the neurobehavioural deficits in children with fetal alcohol syndrome or prenatal exposure to alcohol. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 22, 279294.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) ( 2000). 10th special report to the US congress on alcohol and health. Highlights from current research. Report no. 00-1583. Bethesda, MD: Department of Health and Human Service.
Nelson, M., & Trussler, M. (2016). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in adults: Ethical and legal perspectives. An overview on FASD for professionals (International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine, Vol. 63). Switzerland: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warner, R.H., & Rosett, H.L. (1975). The effects of drinking on offspring: An historical survey of the American and British literature. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 36, 13951420.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abel, E.L. (1998). Fetal alcohol abuse syndrome. New York, NY: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
American Psychiatric Association ( 2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Astley, S.J. (2004). Diagnostic guidelines for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: The 4-digit diagnostic code (3rd ed.). Seattle, WA: University Publication Service.Google Scholar
Calhoun, F., & Warren, K. (2007). Fetal alcohol syndrome: A historical perspective. Neuroscience & Biobehavioural Review, 31, 168171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gray, R., & Henderson, J. (2006). Review of the fetal effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. Report to the Department of Health. Oxford, UK: National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit.Google Scholar
Irner, T.B. (2011). Substance use in utero and adolescence development. Child Neuropsychology, 18, 521529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, K.L., & Smith, D.W. (1973). Recognition of the fetal alcohol syndrome in early infancy. Lancet, 302, 9991001.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kable, J.A., O’Connor, M.J., Olson, H.C., Paley, B., Mattson, S.M., Anderson, S. M., & Riley, E.P. (2016). Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE): Proposed DSM-5 diagnosis. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 47, 335–346.CrossRef
Lemoine, P., Harousseau, H., Borteyru, J.P., & Menuet, J.C. (1968). Les enfants des parents alcoholiques: Anomalies observées a propos de 127 cas [The children of alcoholic parents: Anomalies observed in 127 cases]. Quest Medical, 25, 476482.Google Scholar
Lupton, C., Burd, L., & Harwood, R. (2004). Cost of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 127C, 4250.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
May, P.A., Gossage, J.P., Kalberg, W.O., Robinson, L.K., Buckley, D., Manning, M., & Hoyme, H.E. (2009). Prevalence and epidemiologic characteristics of FASD from various research methods with an emphasis on recent in-school studies. Developmental Disabilities Research Review, 15, 176192.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Niclasen, J. (2015). Prenatal exposure to alcohol and the developing fetus: Methodological issues. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 122, 770772.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Niclasen, J., Andersen, A.M.N., Teasdale, T.W., & Strandberg-Larsen, K. (2014). Prenatal exposure to alcohol, and gender differences on child mental health at age seven years. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, 224232.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Popova, S., Yaltonskaya, A., Yaltonsky, V., Kolpakov, Y., Abrosimov, I., Pervakov, K., … & Rehm, J. (2014). What research is being done on prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Russian research community? Alcohol and Alcoholism, 49, 8495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riley, E.P., Infante, M.A., & Warren, K.R. (2011). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An overview. Neuropsychological Review, 21, 7380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schneider, M.L., Moore, C.F., & Becker, E.F. (2001). Timing of moderate alcohol exposure during pregnancy and neonatal outcome in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 25, 12381245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stratton, K., Howe, C., & Battaglia, F. (1996). Fetal alcohol syndrome: Diagnosis, epidemiology, prevention and treatment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., Kogan, J., & Bookstein, F.L. (1996). Understanding the occurrence of secondary disabilities in clients with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE). Final report. Seattle, WA: University of Washington School of Medicine, Dept. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.
Sulik, K.K. (2014). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Pathogenesis and mechanisms. In Sullivan, E.V. & Pfefferbaum, A. (Eds.), Alcohol and the nervous system (Handbook of clinical neurology, Vol. 125, pp. 463476). Amsterdam, NL: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Viljoen, D.L., Gossage, J.P., Brooke, L., Adnams, C.M., Jones, K.L., Robinson, L.K., Hoyme, H.E., … & May, P.A. (2005). Fetal alcohol syndrome epidemiology in a South African community: A second study on a very high prevalence area. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 66, 593604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
World Health Organization (1992). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats