Lasing of nanocrystalline CuCl embedded in a NaCl single crystal wasobserved for the first time. Lasing takes place at 77 K in nanocrystalline CuCl sandwiched between dielectric mirrors under the pulsed ultraviolet laser excitation. The lasing transition is that from bi-exciton to exciton. The lasing is observed up to 108 K. The optical gain of nanocrystalline CuCl is almost the same as that of bulk crystals in spite of the low concentration of CuCl in the NaCl matrix.
The origin of visible photoluminescence of nanocrystalline Ge in SiO2 glassy matrix has been studied. Spectroscopic analyses of nanocrystalline Ge indicate that the room-temperature photoluminescence comes from nanocrystalline Ge of diameter of 4 nm or less. High-resolution electron microscopic studies imply that the structure of nanocrystalline Ge of diameter ≤ 4 nm differs from the diamond structure. These data suggest that new nanostructure crystalline Ge having a character of direct optical transition exhibits the visible photoluminescence.