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Among those aged 80 years and older in Ontario, Canada, stroke and dementia incidence declined concomitantly from 2002-03 to 2013-14. This study aimed to report the concurrent temporal trends of stroke and dementia prevalence in Ontario among the same age demographic. The prevalence of both stroke and dementia increased from 2003-04 to 2012-13 in both sexes and the magnitude in which prevalence of dementia increased over time exceeded that of stroke. The substantial increase in the prevalence of dementia may be because of increased recognition and diagnoses of dementia and increased survival of stroke patients who are at higher risk of developing dementia.
The first comprehensive and authoritative book covering the basis for the joint prevention of stroke and the management, delay, or prevention of some dementias. Engaging with the concept of cerebrovascular disease as asymptomatic, with overwhelming evidence that major dementias involve a vascular component, ranging from 60 per cent in frontotemporal dementia to 80 per cent in Alzheimer disease - doubling the chances of silent brain pathology manifesting as dementia. Beginning with a review of the basics, describing typical patients and presentations and providing clear guidelines in diagnoses, management, and prevention, this vital guide is invaluable for physicians dealing with cognitive impairments, including family physicians, psychiatrists, internists, geriatricians and neurologists, worldwide. This book provides a new, coherent and promising approach, filling the gap between what is known and what is applied, offering a great opportunity for appropriate interventions and treatments that make a difference. Improving outcomes, beginning now.
Longitudinal, patient-level data on resource use and costs after an ischemic stroke are lacking in Canada. The objectives of this analysis were to calculate costs for the first year post-stroke and determine the impact of disability on costs.
The Economic Burden of Ischemic Stroke (BURST) Study was a one-year prospective study with a cohort of ischemic stroke patients recruited at 12 Canadian stroke centres. Clinical history, disability, health preference and resource utilization information was collected at discharge, three months, six months and one year. Resources included direct medical costs (2009 CAN$) such as emergency services, hospitalizations, rehabilitation, physician services, diagnostics, medications, allied health professional services, homecare, medical/assistive devices, changes to residence and paid caregivers, as well as indirect costs. Results were stratified by disability measured at discharge using the modified Rankin Score (mRS): non-disabling stroke (mRS 0-2) and disabling stroke (mRS 3-5).
We enrolled 232 ischemic stroke patients (age 69.4 ± 15.4 years; 51.3% male) and 113 (48.7%) were disabled at hospital discharge. The average annual cost was $74,353; $107,883 for disabling strokes and $48,339 for non-disabling strokes.
An average annual cost for ischemic stroke was calculated in which a disabling stroke was associated with a two-fold increase in costs compared to NDS. Costs during the hospitalization to three months phase were the highest contributor to the annual cost. A “back of the envelope” calculation using 38,000 stroke admissions and the average annual cost yields $2.8 billion as the burden of ischemic stroke.