To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We study a family of distributions that satisfy the stability-under-addition property, provided that the number ν of random variables in a sum is also a random variable. We call the corresponding property ν-stability and investigate the situation when the semigroup generated by the generating function of ν is commutative. Using results from the theory of iterations of analytic functions, we describe ν-stable distributions generated by summations with rational generating functions. A new case in this class of distributions arises when generating functions are linked with Chebyshev polynomials. The analogue of normal distribution corresponds to the hyperbolic secant distribution.
We exhibit solutions of Monge–Kantorovich mass transportation problems with constraints on the support of the feasible transportation plans and additional capacity restrictions. The Hoeffding–Fréchet inequalities are extended for bivariate distribution functions having fixed marginal distributions and satisfying additional constraints. Sharp bounds for different probabilistic functionals (e.g. Lp-distances, covariances, etc.) are given when the family of joint distribution functions has prescribed marginal distributions, satisfies restrictions on the support, and is bounded from above, or below, by other distributions.
This paper discusses the distribution of tumor size at detection derived within the framework of a new stochastic model of carcinogenesis. This distribution assumes a simple limiting form, with age at detection tending to infinity which is found to be a generalization of the distribution that arises in the length-biased sampling. Two versions of the model are considered with reference to spontaneous and induced carcinogenesis; both of them show similar asymptotic behavior. When the limiting distribution is applied to real data analysis its adequacy can be tested through testing the conditional independence of the size, V, and the age, A, at detection given A > t*, where the value of t* is to be estimated from the given sample. This is illustrated with an application to data on premenopausal breast cancer. The proposed distribution offers the prospect of the estimation of some biologically meaningful parameters descriptive of the temporal organization of tumor latency. An estimate of the model stability to the prior distribution of tumor size and some other stability results for the Bayes formula are given.
It is shown by means of several examples that probability metrics are a useful tool to study the asymptotic behaviour of (stochastic) recursive algorithms. The basic idea of this approach is to find a ‘suitable' probability metric which yields contraction properties of the transformations describing the limits of the algorithm. In order to demonstrate the wide range of applicability of this contraction method we investigate examples from various fields, some of which have already been analysed in the literature.
Optimization problems in cancer radiation therapy are considered, with the efficiency functional defined as the difference between expected survival probabilities for normal and neoplastic tissues. Precise upper bounds of the efficiency functional over natural classes of cellular response functions are found. The ‘Lipschitz' upper bound gives rise to a new family of probability metrics. In the framework of the ‘m hit-one target' model of irradiated cell survival the problem of optimal fractionation of the given total dose into n fractions is treated. For m = 1, n arbitrary, and n = 1, 2, m arbitrary, complete solution is obtained. In other cases an approximation procedure is constructed. Stability of extremal values and upper bounds of the efficiency functional with respect to perturbation of radiosensitivity distributions for normal and tumor tissues is demonstrated.
The approximation of sums of independent random variables by compound Poisson distributions with respect to stop-loss distances is investigated. These distances are motivated by risk-theoretic considerations. In contrast to the usual construction of approximating compound Poisson distributions, the method suggested in this paper is to fit several moments. For two moments, this can be achieved by scale transformations. It is shown that the new approximations are more stable and improve the usual approximations by accompanying laws in examples where the probability 1 – pi that the ith summand is zero is not too large.
Two inverse problems in queueing are studied, namely: (i) a restoration of system characteristics, and (ii) a restoration of model classes. These problems are discussed in the framework of a general concept of characterization problems given by Kalashnikov and Rachev (1985).
The concept of a characterization and its stability for queueing models is introduced. The principle of two stages in the study of the stability property is formulated. A series of results concerning the G/G/1 model is obtained.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.