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With the rapid development of society, the learning anxiety of college students is gradually increasing. Law education emphasizes rational thinking and behavioral norms, enabling college students to establish a correct outlook on life. Therefore, law education should be an important part of psychological health interventions for college students.
Subjects and Methods
The study selected 120 students with learning anxiety and randomly divided them into two groups. One group is a blank group, which only uses traditional legal education. The other group is the experimental group, which adopts an educational approach that combines psychology and law to reform. The experimental period lasted for one semester, and the course arrangements of the two groups were consistent. Before and after the experiment, a questionnaire survey was conducted using the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Based on the experimental results, the psychological relief of anxiety in the two groups was analyzed.
The number of students in the blank group who had mild, moderate, or severe learning anxiety before the experiment began was 64, 53, and 3, respectively. In the experimental group, there were 62, 54, and 4 students who had mild, moderate, and severe cases of learning anxiety, respectively. After the test, there were 71, 47, and 2 students in the control group who had mild, moderate, or severe learning anxiety, respectively. In the experimental group, there were 81, 27, and 0 students who did not have learning anxiety, respectively. The number of students with mild to severe learning anxiety increased.
The integration of psychological reform in law teaching can effectively alleviate the learning anxiety of college students.
The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No.3132022297); National Social Science Fund of China (No.21CFX055).
Prolonged parturition duration has been widely demonstrated to be a risk factor for incidence of stillbirth. This study evaluated the supply of dietary fibre on the parturition duration, gut microbiota and metabolome using sows as a model. A total of 40 Yorkshire sows were randomly given diet containing normal level of dietary fibre (NDF, 17·5 % dietary fibre) or high level of dietary fibre (HDF, 33·5 % dietary fibre). Faecal microbiota profiled with 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, SCFA and metabolome in the faeces and plasma around parturition were compared between the dietary groups. Correlation analysis was conducted to further explore the potential associations between specific bacterial taxa and metabolites. Results showed that HDF diet significantly improved the parturition process as presented by the shorter parturition duration. HDF diet increased the abundance of the phyla Bacteroidetes and Synergistetes and multiple genera. Except for butyrate, SCFA levels in the faeces and plasma of sows at parturition were elevated in HDF group. The abundances of fifteen and twelve metabolites in the faeces and plasma, respectively, markedly differ between HDF and NDF sows. These metabolites are involved in energy metabolism and bacterial metabolism. Correlation analysis also showed associations between specific bacteria taxa and metabolites. Collectively, our study indicates that the improvement of parturition duration by high fibre intake in late gestation is associated with gut microbiota, production of SCFA and other metabolites, potentially serving for energy metabolism.
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) impairs postnatal growth and skeletal muscle development in neonatal infants. This study evaluated whether dietary β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Ca (HMB-Ca) supplementation during the early postnatal period could improve muscle growth in IUGR neonates using piglets as a model. A total of twelve pairs of IUGR and normal-birth-weight (NBW) male piglets with average initial weights (1·85 (sem 0·36) and 2·51 (sem 0·39) kg, respectively) were randomly allotted to groups that received milk-based diets (CON) or milk-based diets supplemented with 800 mg/kg HMB-Ca (HMB) during days 7–28 after birth. Blood and longissimus dorsi (LD) samples were collected and analysed for plasma amino acid content, fibre morphology and the expression of genes related to muscle development. The results indicate that, regardless of diet, IUGR piglets had a significantly decreased average daily weight gain (ADG) compared with that of NBW piglets (P<0·05). However, IUGR piglets fed HMB-Ca had a net weight and ADG similar to that of NBW piglets fed the CON diet. Irrespective of body weight (BW), HMB-Ca supplementation markedly increased the type II fibre cross-sectional area and the mRNA expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), insulin-like growth factor-1 and myosin heavy-chain isoform IIb in the LD of piglets (P<0·05). Moreover, there was a significant interaction between the effects of BW and HMB on mTOR expression in the LD (P<0·05). In conclusion, HMB-Ca supplementation during the early postnatal period could improve skeletal muscle growth and maturity by accelerating fast-twitch glycolytic fibre development in piglets.
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