Medications prescribed by psychiatrists are known to elevate serum prolactin levels, but hyperprolactinaemia remains underrecognised, as the adverse effects of an elevated prolactin are mostly not visible. Hyperprolactinaemia can lead to adverse health outcomes, so clinicians need not only to be alert to its symptoms, but to manage the consequences as well. In this article we provide a brief overview of prolactin physiology, regulation and function. We list various factors that can lead to elevated serum prolactin. We discuss the interpretation of blood results and the management of psychotropic-induced hyperprolactinaemia. We include a flow diagram to assist clinicians in decision-making in the clinical management of hyperprolactinaemia.
• Understand prolactin physiology and regulation
• Understand hyperprolactinaemia and its causes
• Know the consequences of hyperprolactinaemia and appropriately manage it in clinical practice