Visitors to Spurn Nature Reserve, located at the south-east tip of Yorkshire, England, were surveyed during the summer holiday season of 1970. It was estimated that about 3,400 groups of people visited the Reserve in the three months of July, August, and September. Only 17% of the visitors were members of the Yorkshire Naturalists’ Trust, which owns the Reserve, and only 12% of the visitors—mostly bird-watchers—came primarily for purposes of nature study. Pressure from the visitors was found to be concentrated, because of topographical and vegetational features, in areas where it could potentially do great harm to the wildlife and to the physical stability of the habitat itself. Examination was made of methods that might be used to control the total number of visitors and their effect upon the environment.
Economic analysis using the Clawson Demand Schedule, gave a Recreational Value for the Reserve of about £2,000 for the three months of this survey. The example would seem noteworthy for other comparable areas as population pressures and tourism increase.