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ESR investigations on milled multiwalled carbon nanotubes are reported. The ESR spectra of pristine and milled nanotubes consists of two resonances, a wide line located at g>3.0 assigned to magnetic particles (catalysts residues) and a broad line with a peak to peak linewidth of about 10−2 T located at g=2.05 and assigned to the interaction between the conducting electrons delocalized over carbon nanotubes and magnetic ions. It was observed that this line depends on the milling time. For short milling times (up to 125 minutes) both the resonance linewidth and the g-factor increase as the milling time is increased. Longer milling times resulted in a decrease of both the g-factor and resonance linewidth as the milling time was increased. This behavior was assigned to the removal of the magnetic nanoparticles from nanotubes. No resonance line due to the destruction of carbon nanotubes was observed.
Electron spin resonance investigations on the angular dependence of carbon nanotubes are reported. It is proved that the resonance line is a convolution of three lines one due to electron delocalized over carbon nanotubes, the second assigned either to amorphous carbon or to conducting electrons in interaction with metallic impurities, and the last one originating from catalyst residues.
Electron spin resonance investigations on the effect of electron bombardment of nanocomposites obtained by dispersing carbon nanotubes within styrene-isoprene-styrene are reported. The experimental results revealed the absence of radiation-induced free radicals and a negligible effect of electron beam irradiation on the electron spin resonance spectra of carbon nanotubes.
The space applications of composites obtained by dispersing carbon nanotubes within high-density polyethylene are analyzed. Electron spin resonance investigations on proton-irradiated composites are reported. The effect of ionizing radiation of the parameters of electron spin resonance spectra is studied. A radiation-induced increase of the concentration of uncoupled electronic spins delocalized over the conducting domains of carbon nanotubes is reported. It is concluded that radiation-induced modifications in such composites are weak.
The effect of the radiation component of the space environment on polyimide films is reviewed. Experimental data obtained by electron spin resonance and dynamical mechanical analysis proved that the ionizing radiation generates free radicals with a long lifetime through a dominant chain scission mechanism. The radiation-induced shift of the glass transition of polyimide towards lower values confirms the decrease of the average molecular mass of the polymer during irradiation. The importance of polyimide for space exploration is critically analyzed.
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