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The effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in elderly stroke patients remains debated. We aimed to describe outcomes and their predictors in a cohort of patients aged ≥ 85 years treated with MT.
Data from consecutive patients aged ≥ 85 years undergoing MT at two stroke centers between January 2016 and November 2019 were reviewed. Admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), pre-stroke, and 3-month modified Rankin scale (mRS) were collected. Successful recanalization was defined as modified thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia score ≥ 2b. Good outcome was defined as mRS 0–3 or equal to pre-stroke mRS at 3 months.
Of 151 included patients, successful recanalization was achieved in 74.2%. At 3 months, 44.7% of patients had a good outcome and 39% had died. Any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and symptomatic ICH occurred in 20.3% and 3.6%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis identiﬁed lower pre-stroke mRS score (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.52; 95% CI, 0.36–0.76), lower admission NIHSS score (aOR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.83–0.97), successful recanalization (aOR, 3.65; 95% CI, 1.32–10.09), and absence of ICH on follow-up imaging (aOR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.08–0.75), to be independent predictors of good outcome. Patients with successful recanalization had a higher proportion of good outcome (45.3% vs 34.3%, p = 0.013) and lower mortality at 3 months (35.8% vs 48.6%, p = 0.006) compared to patients with unsuccessful recanalization.
Among patients aged ≥ 85 years, successful recanalization with MT is relatively common and associated with better 3-month outcome and lower mortality than failed recanalization. Attempting to achieve recanalization in elderly patients using MT appears reasonable.
The benefit of late window endovascular treatment (EVT) for anterior circulation ischemic stroke has been demonstrated using perfusion-based neuroimaging. We evaluated whether non-contrast CT (NCCT) and CT-angiogram (CTA) alone can select late-presenting patients for EVT.
We performed a retrospective comparison of all patients undergoing EVT at a single comprehensive stroke center from January 2016 to April 2017. Patients planned for EVT were divided into early (<6 hours from onset) and late (≥6 hours from onset or last time seen normal) window groups. Incidence of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformations (sHTs) at 24 hours and 3-month modified Rankin scores (mRSs) were compared.
During the study period, 204 (82%) patients underwent EVT in the early and 44 (18%) in the late window. Median (interquartile range) NIH Stroke Scale Score was similar between groups (early: 18 [15–23] vs. late: 17 [13–21]), as were median ASPECT scores (early: 9 [8–10] vs. late: 9 [7–9]). In the late window, 42 (95%) strokes were of unknown onset. Similar proportions of sHT occurred at 24 hours (early: 12 [6%] vs. late: 4 [9%], p = 0.43). At 3 months, the proportion of patients achieving functional independence (mRS 0–2) were comparable in the early (80/192 [42%]) and late (16/41 [39%]) windows (p = 0.76).
NCCT- and CTA-based patient selection led to similar functional independence outcomes and low proportions of sHT in the early and late windows. In centers without access to perfusion-based neuroimaging, this pragmatic approach could be safe, particularly for strokes of unknown onset.
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