To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Whilst quality of life (QOL) measures have been developed for a number of reasons (Fitzpatrick et al., 1992), two basic aspects of health care underlie most of the questions that QOL appraisals set out to answer: outcome of treatment and cost. With increasingly sophisticated life-saving and life-prolonging medical interventions, and a range of options between alternative treatments, quality of life has emerged as an important outcome. Also, it is argued that no country in the world can afford to do all that it is technically possible to do to improve the health of its citizens and so the need has arisen for some system of setting priorities. Quality of life and other outcome data are informing health economic decisions and debate about the allocation of scarce resources. The field of QOL research is thriving, and much progress has been made in the last 10 years.
Types of QOL measure
There is no ‘gold standard’ for measuring QOL and the range of instruments available, or still undergoing development, is remarkable in terms of both quantity and heterogeneity. The range of categories of QOL/health status measures has been comprehensively reviewed elsewhere (Brooks, 1995). In brief, generic instruments cover a broad range of QOL domains in a single instrument. Their chief advantage is in facilitating comparisons among different disease groups. Disease-specific instruments reduce patient burden by including only relevant items for a particular illness but their main disadvantage is the lack of comparability of results with those from other disease groups.