Rehabilitation and support services in psychiatric hospitals and general hospital psychiatric units serving two-thirds of the population of Scotland were reviewed. Although there are wide between-hospital differences, especially between rural and urban areas, the National Health Service in Scotland is making considerable efforts to provide staffing, accommodation, occupational activities, and support services for the long term mentally ill. Services provided by local authorities, with the exception of group homes, are seriously deficient. The total number of services provided by an individual hospital correlated highly with an assessment of its adequacy in providing such services in relation to other hospitals. A simple count of services may therefore be used to assess adequacy. There was also a correlation between the range of a hospital's services and numbers of misplaced new chronic in-patients.