To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
To identify the optimal waist:height ratio (WHtR) cut-off point that discriminates cardiometabolic risk factors in Turkish adults.
Cross-sectional study. Hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome score ≥2 (presence of two or more metabolic syndrome components except for waist circumference) and at least one risk factor (diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidaemia) were categorical outcome variables. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were prepared by plotting 1 − specificity on the x-axis and sensitivity on the y-axis. The WHtR value that had the highest Youden index was selected as the optimal cut-off point for each cardiometabolic risk factor (Youden index = sensitivity + specificity − 1).
Adults (1121 women and 571 men) aged 18 years and over were examined.
Analysis of ROC coordinate tables showed that the optimal cut-off value ranged between 0·55 and 0·60 and was almost equal between men and women. The sensitivities of the identified cut-offs were between 0·63 and 0·81, the specificities were between 0·42 and 0·71 and the accuracies were between 0·65 and 0·73, for men and women. The cut-off point of 0·59 was the most frequently identified value for discrimination of the studied cardiometabolic risk factors. Subjects classified as having WHtR ≥ 0·59 had significantly higher age and sociodemographic multivariable-adjusted odds ratios for cardiometabolic risk factors than subjects with WHtR < 0·59, except for diabetes in men.
We show that the optimal WHtR cut-off point to discriminate cardiometabolic risk factors is 0·59 in Turkish adults.
To identify the best anthropometric index that predicts cardiometabolic risk factors.
Design and setting
Cross-sectional study in Turkey, in 2003.
Turkish men and women aged 18 years and over (n 1692) were examined. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, TAG, glucose and insulin were measured. Metabolic syndrome score was calculated as the sum of modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, excluding waist circumference. Insulin resistance was estimated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR).
BMI, waist:hip ratio (WHpR), waist:height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were significantly correlated with each other. Partial correlation coefficients between systolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, TAG levels or HOMA-IR and BMI, WC or WHtR were similar and higher than correlation coefficients of WHpR and HC. The association of anthropometric indices with metabolic syndrome score and Framingham risk score was highest for WHtR. Areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that WHtR was the best anthropometric index that discriminated between the presence and absence of hypertension, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, whereas WHpR was better for dyslipidaemia.
WHtR was the best anthropometric index for predicting most cardiometabolic risk factors. WC and BMI ranked second for their predictive capability of cardiometabolic risk, followed by WHpR and HC.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.