Cohort tests in screened cages confirmed that the cowpea varieties TVu 2994, TVu 3709, EW/1, BPL-3–1, ER-7 and Vita 5 have promising levels of resistance to Cydia ptychora (Meyrick). The resistance was found to be mainly explained by antixenosis with respect to oviposition.
In no-choice tests in the laboratory, high larval mortality was recorded in TVu 3709 and BPL-3–1. Additionally, comparatively lighter-weight final instar larvae and adult females with reduced fecundity, fertility and longevity were reared from TVu 3709 and TVu 2994. Larvae reared on Vita 5 were slower in developing to adults than on other varieties; they were also relatively lighter in weight, while adults emerging from them showed reduction in size and fecundity. It is therefore concluded that resistance in TVu 3709, TVu 2994, BPL-3–1 and Vita 5 is partly due to larval antibiosis.