Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) such as butyrolactone I (BL-I) and roscovitine (ROS) maintain bovine oocytes blocked at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage. Bohemine (BOH), another CDKI, has been used for oocyte activation. The objective of this study was to determine whether BOH blocks meiosis and to compare its efficiency with other CDKIs (ROS and BL-I). Oocytes were cultured for 24 h in 0, 50, 100 and 150 μM BOH to determine the best concentration for blocking meiosis (experiment 1). GV rates were 3.3%, 64.5%, 83.3% and 88.9% (0, 50, 100 and 150 μM, respectively). Experiment 2 compared meiotic inhibition efficiency of BOH (100 μM), ROS (25 μM) and BL-I (100 μM). BL-I presented the highest GV rates (97.5%). BOH and ROS were similar to each other (85.4% and 79.9%, respectively). To assess the reversibility of meiotic inhibition (experiment 3), oocytes underwent in vitro maturation (IVM) for 18 h after the 24 h inhibition. Control oocytes were submitted to IVM for 18 h (C18) or 24 h (C24). Maturation rates were either similar to (ROS and BL-I: 96.0% and 93.6%, respectively) or superior to (BOH, 96.9%) C24 (91.0%). All groups were superior to C18 (82.5%). In experiment 4, oocytes were treated as in experiment 3 and then in vitro fertilized and cultured for 8 days. Blastocyst rates for BL-I (32.3%) were similar to C24 (35.0%), while those for BOH (20.2%) and ROS (24.2%) were inferior. All groups were inferior to C18 (43.4%). The results show that: (a) BOH inhibits meiosis resumption; (b) BL-I is the most effective of the CDKIs tested for blocking meiosis; (c) culture of oocytes with meiosis inhibitors is fully reversible in terms of nuclear maturation but they may either decrease (BOH and ROS) or maintain (BL-I) embryo development rates.