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Effect of GnRH injection timing in the production of pronuclear-stage zygotes used for DNA microinjection

  • Hernan Baldassarre (a1), Bin Wang (a1), Melanie Gauthier (a1), Nathalie Neveu (a1), Anthoula Lazaris (a1) and Costas N. Karatzas (a1)...

Abstract

This study was aimed at developing a hormonal treatment protocol in order to optimize the proportion of pronuclear-stage embryos to be used for DNA microinjection in a goat transgenic founder production programme. A total of 46 adult BELE® and 47 adult standard goats (1–5 years old) were used as donors and recipients, respectively. They were heat-synchronized using intravaginal sponges containing 60 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate for 10 days with an injection of 125 μg cloprostenol on the morning of the eighth day. Recipients were injected with 400 IU eCG at the time of sponge removal while donors received a total of 133 mg NIH-FSH-P1 (Folltropin-V) given twice daily in decreasing doses over 3 days starting 48 h before sponge removal. Ovulation was induced in donors by injecting 100 μg of GnRH at 24 h (GnRH24) or 36 h (GnRH36) after sponge removal. Embryo recovery was performed by oviduct flushing following a standard mid-ventral laparotomy procedure. The proportion of embryos in the pronuclear stage of development was higher in the GnRH36 group (90% vs 34%, p<0.01). Embryos were microinjected with a DNA expression cassette followed by transfer to the oviduct of synchronized recipients. A higher, yet not statistically significant, pregnancy rate was found in the recipients transferred with pronuclear-stage embryos compared with those transferred with 2-cell-stage embryos (64% vs 37%, chi-square p=0.06). One transgenic female founder was produced from the group of recipients transferred with pronuclear-stage microinjected embryos.

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Corresponding author

All correspondence to: H. Baldassarre, DVM, Transgenic Production, Nexia Biotechnologies Inc., 320 Chemin St-Georges, St Telesphore, Quebec J0P 1G0, Canada. Tel: +1(450) 2692172 ext. 7020. Fax: +1 (450) 2692910. e-mail: hbaldassarre@nexiabiotech.com

Keywords

Effect of GnRH injection timing in the production of pronuclear-stage zygotes used for DNA microinjection

  • Hernan Baldassarre (a1), Bin Wang (a1), Melanie Gauthier (a1), Nathalie Neveu (a1), Anthoula Lazaris (a1) and Costas N. Karatzas (a1)...

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