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A History of Chinese Musical Instrument Education in Toronto

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 February 2024

Abstract

Whereas students in China can take Chinese instrument training in a variety of settings, Canada has no systematized structure of Chinese music education. Indeed, little scholarly attention has been paid to the development of Chinese instrumental music education in the Chinese diaspora within North America. Based on extensive fieldwork in Toronto, I address the following questions in this article: How do Chinese immigrants pass down their music? How and where do students take Chinese instrument training? How have the methods of transmission evolved? And how do Chinese instrument pedagogical techniques bridge Chinese and Canadian contexts?

摘要

摘要

多伦多作为一座拥有多元文化的国际大都市, 不仅是北美洲首屈一指的华侨华人聚居地, 而且有较为成熟的华人民族音乐氛围。 自1949 年新中国成立以来, 尤其是改革开放后, 中国的民族乐器教育已经逐步形成相对完善的体系。 在中国, 学生可以通过多种途径接触、 学习中国民族乐器: 从中小学义务教育到高等教育; 从私人授课到音乐学院; 从一对一课程到团体课程。 与中国不同, 加拿大的中国民族乐器教师并不多, 也没有系统化的中国民族乐器教育体系。 北美的中国民族乐器教学文献的关注对象主要是当地华人社区民族乐团/管弦乐团 (例如 Qiu 2005; Chan 2015) 以及大学的中国民族乐团 (例如 Prescott et al. 2008; Wang 2013) 。 然而, 学术界对北美地区中国民族乐器教育培训的历史和发展关注甚少, 对多伦多更是鲜有提及。 直到 1969 年, 多伦多才成立了第一支华人民族乐团, 从而开始为多伦多华人社区提供中国民族乐器培训。 在此背景下, 我研究了以下相关内容: 多伦多华人以何种方式传承中国民乐? 多伦多当地学生们如何接受中国民族乐器培训? 传播方式是如何演变的? 以及怎样在中国和加拿大的乐器教育体系和乐器教学法之间架起沟通的桥梁? 本人通过在多伦多的多所大学、 当地中国民族乐团/管弦乐团和私人培训中心实地考察, 以及采访音乐教师和学生来研究这些问题。 本文记录了加拿大多元文化发展背景下多伦多中国乐器教育的历史。

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Cambridge University Press of the International Council for Traditions of Music and Dance

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