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The Minimum Metabolizable Energy Requirement of Laying Hens

  • D. Balnave (a1), D. J. Farrell (a1) and R. B. Cumming (a1)

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Agricultural Research Council (1975). The Nutrient Requirements of Farm Livestock, No.1 Poultry, 2nd ed. London, Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Balnave, D. (1974). Biological factors affecting energy expenditure, in Energy Requirements of Poultry, Eds. Morris, T. R. and Freeman, B. M. Poultry Science Symposium, No.9. British Poultry Science Ltd., Edinburgh.
Balnave, D. (1976). The effect of low-protein grower diets on the subsequent response of pullets to quantitative food restriction during lay. Br. Poult. Sci. 17: 145.
Balnave, D. (1977). The effect of energy restriction on laying hens given either a single morning or single evening meal. Br. Poult. Sci. 18: 115.
Balnave, D., Farrell, D. J., Wolfenden, J. B. and Cumming, R. B. (1968). The effect of ovariectomy on liver metabolism and maintenance energy requirements in hens. Br. Poult. Sci. (in press).
Burlacu, G. and Baltac, M. (1971). Efficiency of the utilization of the energy of food in laying hens. Journal of Agricultural Science 77: 405. Cambridge.
Burlacu, G., Moisa, D., Ionila, D., Tasceno, V. and Baltac, M. (1974). Effeciency of the utilization of the energy of food in laying hens. In Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals. Eds. Menke, K. H., Lantzsch, H. J. and Reichl, J. R.Stuttgart. EAAP Publication No. 14, P.265.
Farrell, D. J. (1975). A comparison of the energy metabolism of two breeds of hens and their cross using respiration calorimetry. Br. Poult. Sci. 16: 103.
Grimbergen, A. H. M. (1970). The energy requirements for maintenance and production of laying hens. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 18: 195.
O'Neill, S. J. B. and Jackson, N. (1974). Observations on the effect of environmental temperature and environment at moult on the heat production and energy requirements of hens and cockerels of a White Leghorn strain. Journal of Agricultural Science 82: 553. Cambridge.
O'Neill, S. J. B., Balnave, D. and Jackson, N. (1971). The influence of feathering and environmental temperature on the heat production and efficiency of utilization of metabolizable energy by the mature cockerel. Journal of Agricultural Science 71: 293. Cambridge.
Shannon, D. W. F. and Brown, W. O. (1969). Calorimetric studies on the effect of dietary energy source and environmental temperature on the metabolic efficieny of energy utilization by mature Light Sussex cockerels. Journal of Agricultural Science 72: 479. Cambridge.
Snetsinger, D. C. and Zimmerman, R. A. (1974). Limiting the energy intake of laying hens. In Energy Requirements of Poultry. Eds. Morris, T. R. and Freeman, B. M. Poultry Science Symposium, No. 9. British Poultry Science Ltd., Edinburgh.
Van Kempen, M. (1976). Activity and energy expenditure in laying hens. 3. The energy cost of eating and posture. Journal of Agricultural Science 87: 85. Cambridge.
Waring, J. J. and Brown, W. O (1965). A respiration chamber for the study of energy utilization for maintenance and production in the laying hen. Journal of Agricultural Science 65: 138. Cambridge.
Waring, J. J. and Brown, W. O., (1967). Calorimetric studies in the utilization of the dietary energy by the laying white Leghorn hen in relation to plane of nutrition and environmental temperature Journal of Agricultural Science 68: 149. Cambridge.

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