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Influence of Glyphosate/Dicamba Application Rate and Timing on the Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed in Glyphosate/Dicamba-Resistant Soybean

  • Brittany K. Hedges (a1), Nader Soltani (a2), David C. Hooker (a3), Darren E. Robinson (a3) and Peter H. Sikkema (a4)...


Dicamba may be an efficacious option for the control of glyphosate-resistant (GR) horseweed in glyphosate/dicamba-resistant soybean; research is needed to optimize the application rate based on horseweed height at the time of application. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of glyphosate/dicamba rate and application timing for the control of GR horseweed. Glyphosate/dicamba was applied at three rates (900, 1,350, and 1,800 g ae ha−1) at three horseweed application timings (5, 15, and 25 cm) in a factorial design. There was no interaction between glyphosate/dicamba rate and timing for GR horseweed control or soybean yield; however, there was an interaction for GR horseweed density and biomass. At 2 and 4 wk after application (WAA), there was a decrease in GR horseweed control as the height at the time application increased. At 4 WAA, the application of glyphosate/dicamba to GR horseweed that was 5-, 15-, and 25-cm tall provided 87%, 76%, and 62% control, respectively. There was no impact of glyphosate/dicamba application timing on soybean yield. At 2, 4, and 8 WAA, there was an increase in GR horseweed control as the rate of glyphosate/dicamba was increased. At 8 WAA, glyphosate/dicamba applied at 900, 1,350, and 1,800 g ae ha−1 controlled GR horseweed 76%, 87%, and 92%, respectively. Earlier application timings and higher rates of glyphosate/dicamba caused the greatest reduction in GR horseweed density and biomass. Reduced GR horseweed competition resulted in a 100% to 144% increase in soybean yield, but there was no difference in soybean yield among glyphosate/dicamba rates tested.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Nader Soltani, Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0, Canada. (Email:


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Influence of Glyphosate/Dicamba Application Rate and Timing on the Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed in Glyphosate/Dicamba-Resistant Soybean

  • Brittany K. Hedges (a1), Nader Soltani (a2), David C. Hooker (a3), Darren E. Robinson (a3) and Peter H. Sikkema (a4)...


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