Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Response to Pendimethalin Applied Posttransplant

  • Andrew J. Miller (a1), Robin R. Bellinder (a1), Bin Xu (a1), Bradley J. Rauch (a1), Martin C. Goffinet (a2) and Mary Jean C. Welser (a2)...

Abstract

Field and greenhouse studies were conducted from 1997 to 2001 to determine cabbage response to posttransplant applications of pendimethalin (0.56 to 2.24 kg ai/ha). Differential variety response was minimal, and applications greater than 0.56 kg caused severe and persistent crop injury and reduced head number and yield in ‘Azan’, ‘Storage 4’, ‘Super Elite’, and ‘Super Red 90’. Pendimethalin (1.7 kg) applied posttransplant reduced cabbage yield weights 23, 30, and 87% with bare root, large, and small transplants, respectively. Application (0.84 kg) to soil, foliage, or soil and foliage caused 0, 81, and 82% dry weight reduction by 21 d after treatment, respectively. Anatomical analysis of two-leaf seedlings collected 3 wk after pendimethalin treatment (1.12 kg ai/ha) showed stunting of the shoot apical meristem and its emerging leaves, disorganization of apical structure with disruption of normal cell division and cell expansion, and abnormal differentiation of the vasculature in leaves and hypocotyls.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: rrb3@cornell.edu

References

Hide All
Al-Khatib, K., Libbey, C., and Kadir, S. 1995. Broadleaf weed control and cabbage seed yield following herbicide applications. Hortic. Sci. 30: 12111214.
Bayer, G. H. 1978. A three year summary of velvetleaf control in corn. Proc. Northeast. Weed Sci. Soc. 23: 314316.
Bellinder, R. R. and Warholic, D. T. 1988. Evaluation of acetanilide injury to cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) and potential for yield reduction. Weed Technol. 2: 350354.
Berlyn, G. P. and Miksche, J. P. 1976. Botanical Microtechnique and Cytochemistry. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. 326 p.
Bond, W. and Burch, P. J. 1989. The response of Brassica and other vegetables to foliar-applied pendimethalin. Tests of agrochemicals and cultivars. Ann. Appl. Biol. 114:(suppl. 10). 78.
Boodley, J. W. and Sheldrake, R. Jr. 1977. Cornell Peat–Lite Mixes for Commercial Plant Growing. Information Bulletin No. 43. New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. 8 p.
Malefyt, T. and Duke, W. B. 1984. Pendimethalin phytotoxicity to velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and Powell amaranth (Amaranthus powellii). Weed Sci. 32: 520524.
Parka, S. J. and Soper, O. F. 1977. The physiology and mode of action of the dinitroaniline herbicides. Weed Sci. 25: 7987.
Sharman, B. C. 1943. Tannic acid and iron alum with safranin and orange gold in studies of the shoot apex. Stain Technol. 18: 105111.
Vaughn, K. C. and Lehnen, L. P. 1991. Mitotic disrupter herbicides. Weed Sci. 39: 450457.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed