Hostname: page-component-cd4964975-8cclj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-03-30T12:27:31.654Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Postemergence Control of Wild Garlic (Allium vineale) in Turfgrass

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Gregory P. Ferguson
Dep. Plant Pathol. and Weed Sci., Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762
G. Euel Coats
Dep. Plant Pathol. and Weed Sci., Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762
Galen B. Wilson
Dep. Plant Pathol. and Weed Sci., Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762
David R. Shaw
Dep. Plant Pathol. and Weed Sci., Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762


Experiments were conducted to evaluate imazaquin and selected herbicides for POST control of wild garlic. At the same dosages, imazaquin applied in late November/early December (late fall) controlled wild garlic better than when applied in early March (late winter) when assessed in May. Imazaquin provided control equivalent to 1120 g ae ha–1 2,4-D plus imazaquin. Imazapyr, imazamethabenz, or imazethapyr at 280, 1120, or 560 g ai ha–1, respectively, provided control equivalent to 560 g ai ha–1 imazaquin. Thifensulfuron at 70 g ai ha–1 provided better control applied in late winter (85%) than late fall (45%). All herbicides consistently provided better control than 2,4-D plus mecoprop plus dicamba, except thifensulfuron applied in late fall, at the final evaluation. Common bermudagrass growth in early spring was delayed 2 mo by ≥ 560 g ha–1 imazaquin, 70 g ha–1 thifensulfuron, imazethapyr, and imazapyr or 2,4-D plus mecoprop plus dicamba applied in late winter. Imazamethabenz did not delay common bermudagrass growth. Late fall applications of 1120 g ha–1 imazaquin did not delay growth while ≥ 560 g ha–1 imazethapyr delayed common bermudagrass growth through April.

Copyright © 1990 by the Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Literature Cited

1. Binning, L. K., Penner, D., and Meggitt, W. F. 1971. The effect of 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid on dicamba translocation in wild garlic. Weed Sci. 19:7375.Google Scholar
2. Coats, G. E., Munoz, R. F., Anderson, D. H., Heering, D. C., and Scruggs, J. W. 1987. Purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) control with imazaquin in warm-season turfgrasses. Weed Sci. 35:691694.Google Scholar
3. Davis, F. S., Peters, E. J., and Fletchall, O. H. 1965. Effect of 2,4-D and 2,3,6-TBA on bulbs of wild garlic. Weeds 13:210214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Davis, F. S., Peters, E. J., Klingman, D. L., Kerr, H. D., and Fletchall, O. H. 1962. Chemical control of wild garlic. Weeds 10:281284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. Dillon, T. L., Baldwin, F. L., Dillon, T. W., and VanPelt, K. L. 1990. Wild garlic control in Arkansas wheat Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 43:131.Google Scholar
6. Hardcastle, W. S. 1976. Chemical control of wild Allium species. Agron. J. 68:144145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Hardcastle, W. S. 1986. Wild garlic control in wheat: grain sorghum response in multicropping sequence. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 39:102.Google Scholar
8. Nandihalli, U. B., and Bendixen, L. E. 1988. Toxicity and site of uptake of soil-applied imazaquin in yellow and purple nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus and C. rotundus). Weed Sci. 36:411416.Google Scholar
9. Peters, E. J., and McKelvey, R. A. 1982. Herbicides and dates of application for control and eradication of wild garlic (Allium vineale). Weed Sci. 30:557560.Google Scholar
10. Peters, E. J., Stritzke, J. F., and Davis, F. S. 1965. Wild garlic: its characteristics and control. U.S. Dep. Agric. Handb. 298.Google Scholar