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Control of Volunteer Sethoxydim-Resistant Corn (Zea mays) in Soybean (Glycine max)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Bryan G. Young
Crop Sciences Department, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801
Stephen E. Hart
Crop Sciences Department, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801


Research was conducted in 1995 and 1996 to determine the potential for commonly used volunteer corn herbicides to control volunteer sethoxydim-resistant (SR) corn in soybean. Greenhouse studies showed that the SR corn hybrid tolerated 181 times more sethoxydim than the susceptible sister hybrid. SR corn also tolerated other acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitors including fluazifop-P, quizalofop-P, and clethodim with 30 X, 27 X, and 7 × magnitudes of tolerance, respectively, compared with the susceptible hybrid. SR corn exhibited the least tolerance to clethodim, with a control rating of 50% (CR50) predicted at 28 g ai/ha. Field studies at Dekalb and Urbana, IL, showed that quizalofop-P, fluazifop-P, and fluazifop-P plus fenoxaprop at 62, 140, and 140 + 47 g ai/ha, respectively, controlled 22% or less of volunteer F2 SR corn at 30 days after treatment (DAT). Clethodim at 105, 140, and 210 g/ha consistently suppressed 23 to 70% of the volunteer SR corn. Dry weight reductions at 60 DAT showed the same general trend as the visual estimates of control. The field results confirmed the greenhouse data, which suggested SR corn had the least amount of cross-resistance to clethodim compared to other ACCase-inhibiting herbicides. In 1996, only AC 299,263 and imazethapyr plus imazaquin suppressed volunteer SR corn and prevented soybean yield loss at both locations. However, no system completely controlled volunteer SR corn.

Copyright © 1997 by the Weed Science Society of America 

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