Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-t6hkb Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-13T21:35:25.476Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Persistence of Preemergence Applications of Chlorsulfuron, Metsulfuron, Triasulfuron, and Tribenuron in Three Soils in Greece

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Eleni Kotoula-Syka
Plant Prot. Inst., P.O. Box 324, 57001 Thermi, Thessaloniki
Ilias G. Eleftherohorinos
Lab. Agron., Box 233, Univ. Thessaloniki, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
Athanasios A. Gagianas
Lab. Agron., Box 233, Univ. Thessaloniki, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
Achilleas G. Sficas
Lab. Agron., Box 233, Univ. Thessaloniki, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece


A pot bioassay, based on root growth of pregerminated corn, was used to evaluate factors influencing field persistence of chlorsulfuron, metsulfuron, triasulfuron, and tribenuron, which were applied preemergence at 0, 10, 20, and 40 g ai ha−1 to wheat grown in three soils that differed in texture (sandy loam, sandy clay loam, and silty clay loam) and pH (7.9, 4.7, and 7.6). Residual activity and leaching of all herbicides in all soils increased with increasing rate of application, with the exception of tribenuron which showed practically no residual activity and leaching in sandy clay loam soil. Sunflower sown 4 mo after tribenuron application in all soils was not injured by any rate used but was significantly affected by the other herbicides. Lentil and sugarbeet also were affected by all herbicides in all soils. These three crops sown 8 mo after herbicide application were not affected by any herbicide used in the sandy clay loam soil but were injured by chlorsulfuron, triasulfuron, and metsulfuron in the sandy loam soil. Only lentil and sugarbeet were injured by chlorsulfuron in the silty clay loam soil.

Soil, Air, and Water
Copyright © 1993 by the Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Literature Cited

1. Anderson, R. L. 1985. Environmental effects on metsulfuron and chlorsulfuron bioactivity in soil. J. Environ. Qual. 14:517521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Anderson, R. L. and Barrett, M. R. 1985. Residual phytotoxicity of chlorsulfuron in two soils. J. Environ. Qual. 14:111114.Google Scholar
3. Anderson, R. L. and Humburg, N. E. 1987. Field duration of chlorsulfuron bioactivity in the central great plains. J. Environ. Qual. 16:263266.Google Scholar
4. Beyer, E. M. Jr., Duffy, M. J., Hay, J. V., and Schlueter, D. D. 1988. Sulfonylureas. Pages 117183 in Kearney, P. C. and Kaufman, D. D., eds. Herbicides: Chemistry, Degradation, and Mode of Action. Marcel-Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
5. Eleftherohorinos, I. G. 1987. Phytotoxicity and persistence of chlorsulfuron as affected by activated charcoal. Weed Res. 27:443452.Google Scholar
6. Eleftherohorinos, I. G. and Kotoula-Syka, E. 1989. Field persistence of chlorsulfuron and DPX-L5300 in relation to rotational crops. Weed Res. 29:127134.Google Scholar
7. Fredrickson, D. R. and Shea, P. J. 1986. Effect of soil pH on degradation, movement, and plant uptake of chlorsulfuron. Weed Sci. 34:328332.Google Scholar
8. Friesen, G. H. and Wall, D. A. 1991. Residual effects of CGA-131036 and chlorsulfuron on spring-sown rotational crops. Weed Sci. 39:280283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Gunther, P., Rahman, A., and Pestemer, W. 1989. Quantitative bioassays for determining residues and availability to plants of sulfonylurea herbicides. Weed Res. 29:141146.Google Scholar
10. Joshi, M. M., Brown, H. M., and Romesser, J. A. 1985. Degradation of chlorsulfuron by soil microorganisms. Weed Sci. 33:888893.Google Scholar
11. Mersie, E. and Foy, C. L. 1986. Adsorption, desorption, and mobility of chlorsulfuron in soils. J. Agric. Food Chem. 34:8992.Google Scholar
12. Moyer, J. R., Esau, R., and Kozub, G. C. 1990. Chlorsulfuron persistence and response of nine rotational crops in alkaline soils of southern Alberta. Weed Technol. 4:543548.Google Scholar
13. Peterson, M. A. and Arnold, W. E. 1985. Response of rotational crops to soil residues of chlorsulfuron. Weed Sci. 34:131136.Google Scholar
14. Ritter, R. L., Harris, T. C., and Kaufman, L. M. 1988. Chlorsulfuron and metsulfuron residues on double-cropped soybeans (Glycine max). Weed Technol. 2:4952.Google Scholar
15. Royuela, M., Munoz-Rueda, A., and Gonzalez-Murua, C. 1990. Performance and soil persistence of chlorsulfuron when used for wheat production in Spain. Weed Sci. 38:546552.Google Scholar
16. Thirunarayanan, K., Zimdahl, R. L., and Smika, D. E. 1985. Chlorsulfuron adsorption and degradation in soil. Weed Sci. 33:558563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17. Walker, A. and Brown, P. A. 1983. Measurement and prediction of chlorsulfuron persistence in soil. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 30:365372.Google Scholar
18. Walker, A., Cotterill, E. G., and Welch, S. J. 1989. Adsorption and degradation of chlorsulfuron and metsulfuron methyl in soils from different depths. Weed Res. 29:281287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
19. Walker, A. and Welch, S. I. 1989. The relative movement and persistence in soil of chlorsulfuron, metsulfuron methyl and triasulfuron. Weed Res. 29:375383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20. Wiese, A. E., Wood, M. L., and Chenault, E. W. 1988. Persistence of sulfonylureas in pullman clay loam. Weed Technol. 2:251256.Google Scholar