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Three-year outcome of first-episode psychoses in an established community psychiatric service

  • Swaran P. Singh (a1), Tim Croudace (a1), Shazad Amin (a1), Rosemary Kwiecinski (a1), Ian Medley (a1), Peter B. Jones (a1) and Glynn Harrison (a2)...

Abstract

Background

Changes in service provision, secular trends in substance misuse and changing social structures might affect outcome in psychosis.

Aims

To assess the three-year outcome of an inception cohort of first-episode psychoses treated in a modern, community-oriented service; to compare outcomes with an earlier cohort treated in hospital-based care; and to examine the predictive validity of ICD–10 diagnostic criteria.

Method

Three-year follow-up (1995–1997) of an inception cohort of first-episode psychoses and comparison with two-year follow-up (1980–1982) of the Determinants of Outcome of Severe Mental Disorders (DOSMED) Nottingham cohort.

Results

On most outcome measures, non-affective psychoses had a worse outcome than affective psychoses. Affective psychoses had better outcome than previously reported. Substance-related psychoses had very poor occupational outcome. Similar proportions of the current and DOSMED cohort were in remission but the former were rated as having greater disability.

Conclusions

In a modern community service, 30–60% of patients with first-episode psychoses experience a good three-year outcome. The ICD–10 criteria have good predictive validity.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr Swaran P. Singh, Department of Psychiatry, B Floor, South Block, University Hospital, Nottingham NG7 2UH

Footnotes

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Declaration of interest

Funded by NHS Executive Trent R&D and the Stanley Foundation. T.C. was supported by the Medical Research Council.

Footnotes

References

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Three-year outcome of first-episode psychoses in an established community psychiatric service

  • Swaran P. Singh (a1), Tim Croudace (a1), Shazad Amin (a1), Rosemary Kwiecinski (a1), Ian Medley (a1), Peter B. Jones (a1) and Glynn Harrison (a2)...
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