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Specific effect of the fragile-X mental retardation-1 gene (FMR1) on white matter microstructure

  • Tamar Green (a1), Naama Barnea-Goraly (a2), Mira Raman (a2), Scott S. Hall (a2), Amy A. Lightbody (a2), Jennifer L. Bruno (a2), Eve-Marie Quintin (a2) and Allan L. Reiss (a3)...

Abstract

Background

Fragile-X syndrome (FXS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with intellectual disability and neurobiological abnormalities including white matter microstructural differences. White matter differences have been found relative to neurotypical individuals.

Aims

To examine whether FXS white matter differences are related specifically to FXS or more generally to the presence of intellectual disability.

Method

We used voxel-based and tract-based analytic approaches to compare individuals with FXS (n = 40) with gender- and IQ-matched controls (n = 30).

Results

Individuals with FXS had increased fractional anisotropy and decreased radial diffusivity values compared with IQ-matched controls in the inferior longitudinal, inferior fronto-occipital and uncinate fasciculi.

Conclusions

The genetic variation associated with FXS affects white matter microstructure independently of overall IQ. White matter differences, found in FXS relative to IQ-matched controls, are distinct from reported differences relative to neurotypical controls. This underscores the need to consider cognitive ability differences when investigating white matter microstructure in neurodevelopmental disorders.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Allan L. Reiss, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, 401 Quarry Road, MC 5795, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Email: areiss1@stanford.edu

Footnotes

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These authors contributed equally to the work.

Declaration of interest

T.G., N.B.G., M.M.R., S.S.H., A.A.L., J.L.B. and E.M.Q.: None. A.L.R. reports personal fees from Genentech/Roche, outside the submitted work.

Footnotes

References

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Specific effect of the fragile-X mental retardation-1 gene (FMR1) on white matter microstructure

  • Tamar Green (a1), Naama Barnea-Goraly (a2), Mira Raman (a2), Scott S. Hall (a2), Amy A. Lightbody (a2), Jennifer L. Bruno (a2), Eve-Marie Quintin (a2) and Allan L. Reiss (a3)...
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