Bemporad, J. (1978) Mild and Severe Depression. New York: Basic Books.
Arrindell, W. A., Emmelkamp, P. M. G. & Monsma, A. (1983a) Psychometric evaluation of an inventory for assessment of parental rearing practices. Acta Psychiatrica Svandinavica, 67, 163–177.
Arrindell, W. A., Emmelkamp, P. M. G., Monsma, A. & Brilman, E. (1983b) The role of perceived parental rearing practices in the aetiology of phobic disorders: a controlled study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 183–187.
Arrindell, W. A., Emmelkamp, P. M. G., Perris, C., Eisemann, M., Perris, H., van der Ende, J., Ross, M., Benjaminsen, S., Gaszner, P. & Del Vecchio, M. (1985) Cross-national study of generalizability of patterns of parental rearing behaviour and attitudes: invariance of EMBU dimensional representations of healthy subjects from Australia, Denmark, Hungary, Italy and the Netherlands. Acta Psychiatric Scandinavica, .
Ausubel, D. P., Balthazar, E., Rosenthal, I., Blackman, L., Schpoont, S. & Welkowitz, , (1954) Perceived parent attitudes as determinants of children's ego structure. Child Development, 25, 173–183.
Ausubel, D. P. (1958) Theory and Problems of Child Development. New York: Grune & Stratton.
Bibring, E. (1953) The mechanism of depression. In Greenacre, P. (ed) Affective Disorders, New York: International Universities Press.
Blatt, S. J., Wein, S. J. & Chenron, E. (1979) Parental representations and depression in normal young adults. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 388–397.
Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment and Loss, Vol 1: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1973) Attachment and Loss, vol 2: Separation: anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1980) Attachment and Loss, Vol 3: Loss, Sadness and Depression. London: Hogarth Press.
Brown, G. W., Harris, T. & Copeland, J. (1977) Depression and loss. British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 1–18.
Clayer, J. R., Campbell, R. L. & Ross, M. E. (1984) Parental rearing and transient thought disorder in young adults. Psychopathology, 17, 9–16.
Crook, T. & Elliot, J. (1980) Parental death during childhood and adult depression, a critical review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 87, 252–259.
d'Elia, G. von
Knorring, L. & Perris, C. (1974) Non-psychotic depressive disorders: a ten year follow up. Acta Psychiatric Scandinavica, suppl 255, 173–176.
Freud, S. (1917) Mourning and Melancholia. In Jones, E.
Collected Papers, vol 4. London: Hogarth Press, .
Gay, M. J. & Tonge, W. L. (1967) The late effects of loss of parents in childhood. British Journal of Psychiatry, 113, 753–759.
Granville-Grossman, K. L. (1968) The early environment in affective disorders. In Coppen, A. & Walk, A. (eds) . British Journal of Psychiatry Special Publication
Jacobsson, L., Lindström, H., von Knorring, L. & Perris, H. (1980) Perceived parental behaviour and psychogenic needs. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 233, 77–88.
Jacobsson, S., Fasman, J. & Di Mascio, A. (1975) Deprivation in the childhood of depressed women. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 160, 5–14.
Lloyd, C. (1980) Life events and depressive disorders reviewed. I. Events as predisposing factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 529–535.
Miller, A. (1981) Du sollst nicht merken. .
Parker, G. (1979) Parental characteristics in relation to depressive disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 138–147.
Parker, G. (1981) Parental reports of depressives. Journal of Affective Disorders, 3, 131–140.
Parker, G. (1983) Parental “affectionless control” as an antecedent to adult depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40. 956–960.
Perris, C. (1966) A study of bipolar and unipolar recurrent depressive psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica suppl, 194.
Perris, C. (1975) The bipolar unipolar dichotomy and the need for a consistent terminology. Neuropsychobiology, 1, 65–69.
Perris, C. & Perris, H. (1978) Status within the family and early life experiences in patients with affective disorders and cycloid psychosis. Psychiatria clinica, 11, 155–162.
Perris, C., Jacobsson, L., Lindström, H., von Knorring, L. & Perris, H. (1980) Development of a new inventory for assessing memories of parental rearing behaviour. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 61, 265–274.
Perris, C., Eisemann, M., Ericsson, U., von Knorring, L. & Perris, H. (1983) Parental rearing behaviour and personality characteristics of depressed patients. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 233, 77–88.
Perris, C., Holmgren, S., von Knorring, L. & Perris, H. (1984) Parental loss by death in the early childhood of depressed patients and of their healthy siblings. British Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 165–169.
Perris, H. (1983) Deprivation in childhood and live events in depression. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 233, 489–98.
Perris, H. (1984) Life events and personality characteristics in depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 69, 350–358.
Raskin, A., Boothe, H. H., Reatig, N. A., Schultenbrandt, J. G. & Cole, D. (1971) Factor analysis of normal and depressed patients' memories of parental behaviour. Psychological Reports, 29, 871–879.
Ross, M. W., Cambell, R. L. & Clayer, J. R. (1982) New inventory for measurement of parental rearing patterns. An English form of the EMBU. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 66, 499–507.
Ross, M. W., Clayer, J. R. & Campbell, R. L. (1983) Dimensions of childbearing practices. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 68, 476–483.
Roy, A. (1978) Vulnerability factors and depression in women. British Journal of Psychiatry, 133, 106–110.
Siegel, S. (1956) Non-parametric Statistics of the Behavioural sciences. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Tennant, C., Bebbington, P. & Hurry, J. (1980) Parental death in childhood and risk of adult depressive disorders. Psychological Medicine, 10, 289–99.
Wolfenstein, M. (1955) How is mourning possible?
Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 21, 93–123.
Wolkind, S. & Coleman, E. (1983). Adult psychiatric disorder and childhood experiences—the validity of retrospective data. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 188–91.