1Alexopolous, GS. Depression in the elderly. Lancet 2005; 365: 1961–70.
2Global Burden of Disease Study Team. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 2015; 386: 743–800.
3Fiske, A, Wetherell, JL, Gatz, M. Depression in older adults. Ann Rev Clin Psychol 2009; 5: 363–89.
4Ross, CE. Neighborhood disadvantage and adult depression. J Health and Social Beh 2000; 41: 177–87.
5Wang, PS, Lane, M, Olfson, M, Pincus, HA, Wells, KB, Kessler, RC. Twelve-month use of mental health services in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62: 629–40.
6Beyer, KM, Kaltenbach, A, Szabo, A, Bogar, S, Nieto, FJ, Malecki, KM. Exposure to neighborhood green space and mental health: evidence from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014; 11: 3453–72.
7Hartig, T. Green space, psychological restoration, and health inequality. Lancet 2008; 372: 1614–15.
8Mitchell, R, Richardson, EA, Shortt, NK, Pearce, JR. Neighborhood environments and socioeconomic inequalities in mental well-being. Am J Prev Med 2015; 49: 80–4.
9Groenewegen, PP, van den Berg, AE, de Vries, S, Verheij, RA. Vitamin G: effects of green space on health, well-being, and social safety. BMC Public Health 2006; 6: 1–9.
10Roe, JJ, Thompson, CW, Aspinall, PA, Brewer, MJ, Duff, EI, Miller, D, et al. Green space and stress: evidence from cortisol measures in deprived urban communities. Int Environ Res Public Health 2013; 10: 4086–103.
11Bratman, GN, Hamilton, JP, Hahn, KS, Daily, GC, Gross, JJ. Nature experience reduces rumination and subgenual prefrontal cortex activation. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2015; 112: 8567–72.
12Fan, Y, Das, KV, Chen, Q. Neighborhood green, social support, physical activity, and stress: assessing the cumulative impact. Health Place 2011; 17: 1202–11.
13van den Berg, AE, Maas, J, Verheij, RA, Groenewegen, PP. Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and health. Soc Sci Med 2010; 70: 1203–10.
14Mitchell, R, Popham, F. Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population study. Lancet 2008; 372: 1655–60.
15Bos, EH, van der Meulen, L, Wichers, M, Jeronumis, BF. A Primrose path? Moderating effects of age and gender in the association between green space and mental health. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2016; 13: E492.
16Wu, YT, Prina, AM, Jones, A, Matthews, FE, Brayne, C. Older people, the natural environment and common mental disorders: cross-sectional results from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study. BMJ Open 2015; 5: e007936.
17Brown, SC, Lombard, J, Wang, K, Byrne, MM, Toro, M, Plater-Zyberk, E, et al. Neighborhood greenness and chronic health conditions in Medicare beneficiaries. Am J Prev Med 2016; 51: 78–89.10.1016/j.amepre.2016.02.008
18Yen, IH, Michael, IL, Perdue, L. Neighborhood environment in studies of older adults: a systematic review. Am J of Prev Med 2009; 37: 455–63.
20United States Census Bureau (US). https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/miamidadecountyflorida/POP060210 (accessed 25 Nov 2018).
21Brown, SC, Perrino, T, Lombard, J, Wang, K, Toro, M, Rundek, T, et al. Health disparities in the relationship of neighborhood greenness to mental health outcomes in 249,405 U.S. Medicare beneficiaries. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018; 15: E430.
24Rhew, IC, Vander Stoep, A, Kearney, A, Smith, NL, Dunbar, MD. Validation of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index as a measure of neighborhood greenness. Ann Epidemiol 2011; 2: 946–52.
25SAS Institute Inc. SAS Software Version 9.3. SAS Institute, Inc., 2011.
26Eicheldinger, C, Bonito, A. More accurate racial and ethnic codes for Medicare administrative data. Health Care Financ Rev 2008; 29: 27–42.
27Ahern, J, Galea, S. Collective efficacy and major depression in urban neighborhoods. Am J Epidemiol 2011; 173: 1453–62.
28Galea, S, Ahern, J, Nandi, A, Tracy, M, Beard, J, Vlahov, D. Urban neighborhood poverty and the incidence of depression in a population-based cohort study. Ann Epidemiol 2007; 17: 171–9.
29Wilson-Genderson, M, Pruchno, R. Effects of neighborhood violence and perceptions of neighborhood safety on depressive symptoms of older adults. Soc Sci Med 2013; 85: 43–9.
30van den Berg, AE, Maas, J, Verheij, RA, Groenewegen, PP. Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and health. Soc Sci Med 2010; 70: 1203–10.
31Polenick, CA, Flora, SR. Behavioral activation for depression in older adults: theoretical and practical considerations. Beh Anal 2013; 36: 35–55.
32Pereira, G, Foster, S, Martin, K, Christian, H, Boriff, BJ, Knulman, M, et al. The association between neighborhood greenness and cardiovascular disease: an observational study. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 466.