Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Life Events and Schizophrenia in Nigerians: A Controlled Investigation

  • Oye Gureje (a1) and A. Adewunmi (a1)

Abstract

Forty-two first-episode RDC schizophrenic patients were matched on sociodemographic variables with an equal number of control subjects. The life-event histories of both groups for 6 months before onset or interview were compared. Onset of illness was not preceded by an increase in life events. The only significant observation was that control subjects had experienced more events in the month previous to interview. These were reported mainly by male control subjects, involved the family, and were possibly related to the period when the control subjects were interviewed. The observations are discussed within the context of the Nigerian culture.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of South Manchester, Withington, Manchester M20 8LR

References

Hide All
Al Khani, M. A. F., Bebbington, P. E., Watson, J. P. & House, F. (1986) Life events and schizophrenia: a Saudi Arabian study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 1222.
American Psychiatric Association (1980) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn) (DSM-III). Washington, DC: APA.
Beck, J. C. & Worthen, K. (1972) Precipitating stress, crisis theory, and hospitalisation in schizophrenia and depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 26, 123129.
Brockington, I. F., Winokur, G. & Dean, C. (1982) Puerperal psychoses. In Motherhood and Mental Illness (eds Brockington, I. F. & Kumar, R.). London: Academic Press.
Brown, G. W. & Birley, J. L. T. (1968) Crises and life changes and the onset of schizophrenia. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 9, 203214.
Brown, G. W. & Harris, O. T. (1978) Social Origins of Depression. London: Tavistock.
Brown, G. W., Skair, F., Harris, T. & Birley, J. (1973) Life events and psychiatric disorders. I: some methodological issues. Psychological Medicine, 3, 7487.
Chung, R. K., Langeluddecke, P. & Tennant, C. (1986) Threatening life events in the onset of schizophrenia, schizophreniform psychosis and hypomania. British Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 680685.
Cox, J. L. (1983) Postnatal depression: a comparison of African and Scottish women. Social Psychiatry, 18, 2528.
Day, R., Neilsen, J. A., Korten, A., Ernberg, G., Dube, K. C., Gebhart, J., Jablensky, A., Leon, C., Marsella, A., Glatawura, M., Sartorius, N., Stromgren, E., Takahashi, R., Wig, N. & Wynne, L. C. (1988) Stressful life events preceding the acute onset of schizophrenia: a cross-national study from the World Health Organization. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry (in press).
Dohrenwend, B. P. & Egri, G. (1981) Recent stressful life events and episode of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 7, 1223.
German, G. A. (1972) Aspects of clinical psychiatry in sub-Saharan Africa. British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 461479.
Goldberg, D. P., Cooper, B., Eastwood, M. R., Kelward, H. B. & Shepherd, M. (1970) A standardised psychiatric interview for use in community studies. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, 24, 1823.
Gureje, O. (1986a) Social factors and depression in Nigerian women. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 74, 392395.
Gureje, O. (1986b) Screening for organic brain syndromes in Nigerians. East African Medical Journal, 63, 447451.
Gureje, O. & Bamgboye, E. A. (1987) A study of Schneider's first rank symptoms of schizophrenia in Nigerian patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 867869.
Hollingshead, A. & Redlich, R. F. (1958) Social Class and Mental Illness. A Community Study. New York: Wiley.
Jacobs, S. & Myers, J. (1976) Recent life events and acute schizophrenia psychosis: a controlled study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 162, 7587.
Jacobs, S., Prusoff, B. A. A. Paykel, E. S. (1974) Recent life events in schizophrenia and depression. Psychological Medicine, 4, 444453.
Jenkins, C. D., Hurst, M. & Rose, R. (1979) Life changes: do people really remember? Archives of General Psychiatry, 36, 379384.
Leff, J. P., Kuipers, L., Berkowitz, R., Vaughn, C. & Sturgeon, D. (1983) Life events, relatives' expressed emotion and maintenance neuroleptics in schizophrenic relapse. Psychological Medicine, 13, 799806.
Minde, K. K. (1975) Psychological problems in Ugandan school children: a controlled evaluation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 16, 4959.
Odejide, A. O. (1980) A Nigerian psychiatric outpatient clinic: a point prevalence study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 41, 130133.
Orley, J. & Wing, J. K. (1979) Psychiatric disorders in two African villages. Archives of General Psychiatry, 36, 513520.
Paykel, E. S. (1982) Life events and early environment. In Handbook of Affective Disorders (ed. Paykel, E. S.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Paykel, E. S., Myers, J. K., Dienelt, M. N., Klerman, G. L., Lindenthal, J. J. & Pepper, M. P. (1969) Life events and depression: a controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 21, 753760.
Sartorius, N., Jablensky, A. & Shapiro, R. (1978) Cross-cultural differences in the short-term prognosis of schizophrenic psychoses. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 4, 102113.
Sartorius, N., Jablensky, A. Korten, A., Ernberg, G., Anker, M., Cooper, J. E. & Day, R. (1986) Early manifestations and first-contact incidence of schizophrenia in different cultures. Psychological Medicine, 16, 909928.
Schless, A. P. & Mendels, J. (1978) The value of interviewing family and friends in assessing life stressors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35, 565567.
Spitzer, R., Endicott, J. & Robbins, E. (1975) Research Diagnostic Criteria. New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Tennant, C., Bebbington, P. & Hurry, J. (1981) The role of life events in depressive illness: is there a substantial causal role? Psychological Medicine, 11, 379389.
Uhlenhuth, E. H., Balter, M. & Lipman, R. (1977) Remembering life events. In The Origins and Course of Psychopathology (eds Strauss, J., Babigian, H. & Roff, M.), pp. 117132. New York: Plenum Press.
Vadher, A. & Ndetei, D. M. (1981) Life events and depression in a Kenyan setting. British Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 134137.
Wing, J. K., Cooper, J. E. & Sartorius, N. (1974) The Measurement and Classification of Psychiatric Symptoms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Life Events and Schizophrenia in Nigerians: A Controlled Investigation

  • Oye Gureje (a1) and A. Adewunmi (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Life Events and Schizophrenia in Nigerians: A Controlled Investigation

  • Oye Gureje (a1) and A. Adewunmi (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

We encountered an error trying to retrieve eLetters for this article. Please try again or contact Customer Services

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *