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Comparison of outcomes following after-care from forensic and general adult psychiatric services

  • Jeremy W. Coid (a1), Nicole Hickey (a2) and Min Yang (a3)



Forensic psychiatry services are expanding in England and Wales but require support from general services for patient after-care.


To compare outcomes following community after-care from forensic or general adult psychiatry services.


An observational comparison was made of case management following discharge from medium security in seven pre-reorganisation health regions of England and Wales, by forensic services (n=409) and general adult services (n=652). Criminal convictions, hospital readmissions and deaths were compared over a mean follow-up period of 6.2 years, adjusting for difference in case mix.


Forensic services did not supervise more high-risk patients in the community. Neither service was superior in outcome. More patients managed by general services died from natural causes.


Neither service was superior on measures of subsequent offending or hospitalisation. Specialist forensic after-care conveyed no added benefit. Case management may have been the same in both services.


Corresponding author

Professor Jeremy Coid, Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit, St Bartholomew's Hospital, 61 Bartholomew Close, London EC1A 7BE, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7601 8138; email:


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Declaration of interest

J.W.C. developed a specialist service evaluated in this study.



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Comparison of outcomes following after-care from forensic and general adult psychiatric services

  • Jeremy W. Coid (a1), Nicole Hickey (a2) and Min Yang (a3)
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