Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960–1997

  • G. M. G. McClure (a1)

Extract

Background

Methods of suicide and suicide rates in England and Wales have fluctuated considerably since the 1960s.

Aims

To review the changes that have occurred in suicide rates in England and Wales between 1960 and 1997.

Method

Suicide rates, derived from total annual suicides and the estimated annual resident population, were obtained from the Office for National Statistics.

Results

Suicide rates decreased in both genders between the early 1960s and the mid-1970s. The rate for males then increased between 1975 and 1990, while the rate for females continued to fall. Between 1990 and 1997, the rate decreased for males and females in all age groups, particularly for those using motor vehicle exhaust gas; the latter finding is associated with increasing use of catalytic converters.

Conclusions

Following the increase in suicide among males until 1990 there was a decrease for both genders between 1990 and 1997, consistent with the ‘Health of the Nation’ target.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960–1997
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960–1997
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960–1997
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Dooley, E. (1990) Prison suicide in England and Wales, 1972–87. British Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 4045.
Government Statistical Service (1993) Social Trends. London: HMSO.
Kelly, S. & Bunting, J. (1998) Trends in suicide in England and Wales, 1982–96. Population Trends, 92, 2941.
Kendell, R. E. (1998) Catalytic converters and prevention of suicide. Lancet, 352, 1525.
McClure, G. M. G. (1984) Trends in suicide rate for England and Wales, 1975–80. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 119126.
McClure, G. M. G. (1987) Suicide in England and Wales, 1975–1984. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 309314.
McClure, G. M. G. (1994) Suicide in children and adolescents in England and Wales, 1960–1990. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 510514.
McClure, G. M. G. (1999) An integrative systems model. In Family Matters: Interfaces between Child and Adult Mental Health (eds P. Reder, M. McClure & T. Jolley). London: Routledge, in press.
Office for National Statistics (1991–1997) Mortality Statistics: Cause. London: HMSO.
Office for National Statistics (1999) Social Trends. London: Stationery Office.
Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1974–1990) Mortality Statistics: Cause. London: HMSO.
Pritchard, C. (1992) Is there a link between suicide in young men and unemployment? A comparison of the UK with other European Community countries. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 750756.
Registrar General's Office (1960–1973) Registrar General's Statistical Review for England and Wales: Part I: Tables (Medical). London: HMSO.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (1992) Mental Health of the Nation. The Contribution of Psychiatry. A Report of the President's Working Group. Council Report CR16. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Secretary of State for Health (1992) The Health of the Nation: A Strategy for Health in England. London: HMSO.
World Health Organization (1992) International Classfication of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960–1997

  • G. M. G. McClure (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *