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Support Groups and Cardiac Rehabilitation: Effects of Partner Participation on Anxiety and Depression

  • Ana Barrón López de Roda (a1), Esteban Sánchez Moreno (a2), Isabel Varela Montero (a3) and Steve Churnin (a1)

Abstract

This study analyzes the effect on levels of patient anxiety and depression of a partner joining a cardiac rehabilitation program support group, also taking into account the sex of the patient. The study was undertaken using a two-group comparison design with pre-and post-test measures in non-equivalent groups. The sample comprised patients in the cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) at the Ramón y Cajal Hospital, Madrid (Spain). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed direct effects of sex and partner participation in support groups on the anxiety trait. Similarly, interaction effects were observed between the sex variable and partner participation. These results indicate the pertinence of designing separate groups for patients and partners.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ana Barrón López de Roda. Departamento de Psicología Social. Facultad de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Campus de Somosaguas. 28223. Madrid (Spain). Phone: +34–625329857. Fax: +34–913942860. E-mail: ana.barron@psi.ucm.es

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