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The Spanish Version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ-CA): A Psychometric Evaluation in Early Adolescence

  • M. Carmen Pastor (a1), Raül López-Penadés (a2), Eva Cifre (a1) and Diego Moliner-Urdiales (a1)


This paper presents the translation, adaptation and validation of a broadly used scale to measure emotion regulation strategies (i.e. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire Children and Adolescents –ERQ-CA; Gullone & Taffe, 2012) in a sample of early adolescents. The 10-item scale was applied to a sample of 248 adolescents (128 boys) aged 13 to 14 years. Semi-confirmatory factor analysis supported the original two-factor structure: Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression (SRMR = .05; RMSEA = .06; CFI = .96). These two factors demonstrate adequate internal consistency and evidence for convergent validity with other scales that refer to emotional intelligence, affect, and behavior. Thus, Cognitive Reappraisal scores were associated with higher self-perceived emotional abilities, positive affect and personal adjustment (ps < .05). Conversely, Expressive Suppression scores were associated with lower self-perceived emotional abilities, positive affect, and personal adjustment (ps < .01), with higher scores on negative affect, school and clinical maladjustment (ps < .01), as well as stress and depression symptoms (ps < .001). Overall, these findings suggest that the questionnaire may be a useful and reliable instrument for the assessment of emotion regulation strategies in early adolescents for future research in Spanish speaking countries.


Corresponding author

*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to M. Carmen Pastor. Universitat Jaume I. Departament de Psicologia Bàsica, Clínica i Psicobiologia. Avenida Sos Baynat, s/n. 12071 Castelló de la Plana (Spain). E-mail:


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DADOS Study is funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, MINECO (DEP2013-45515-R) and by the Universitat Jaume I of Castellon, UJI (P1·1A2015-05). This work is partly supported by a Sunny Sport research grant from the Schweppes Suntory Spain Company.

How to cite this article:

Pastor, M. C., López-Penadés, R., Cifre, E., & Moliner-Urdiales, D. (2019). The Spanish version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for children and adolescents (ERQ-CA): A psychometric evaluation in early adolescence. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 22. e30. Doi:10.1017/sjp.2019.30



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